penance


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to penance: Sacrament of Penance

pen·ance

 (pĕn′əns)
n.
1. An act of self-mortification or devotion performed voluntarily to show sorrow for a sin or other wrongdoing.
2. Penance A sacrament in some Christian churches that includes contrition, confession to a priest, acceptance of punishment, and absolution. Also called reconciliation.
tr.v. pen·anced, pen·anc·ing, pen·anc·es
To impose penance upon.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin paenitentia, penitence, from paenitēns, paenitent-, penitent; see penitent.]

penance

(ˈpɛnəns)
n
1. voluntary self-punishment to atone for a sin, crime, etc
2. a feeling of regret for one's wrongdoings
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Christianity
a. a punishment usually consisting of prayer, fasting, etc, undertaken voluntarily as an expression of penitence for sin
b. a punishment of this kind imposed by church authority as a condition of absolution
vb
(Ecclesiastical Terms) (tr) (of ecclesiastical authorities) to impose a penance upon (a sinner)
[C13: via Old French from Latin paenitentia repentance; related to Latin poena penalty]

pen•ance

(ˈpɛn əns)

n.
1. a punishment undergone as penitence for sin.
2. a penitential discipline imposed by church authority.
3. a sacrament, as in the Roman Catholic Church, consisting of confession, repentance, and forgiveness for one's sins.
[1250–1300; Middle English penaunce < Anglo-French; Old French peneance < Latin paenitentia penitence]

penance


Past participle: penanced
Gerund: penancing

Imperative
penance
penance
Present
I penance
you penance
he/she/it penances
we penance
you penance
they penance
Preterite
I penanced
you penanced
he/she/it penanced
we penanced
you penanced
they penanced
Present Continuous
I am penancing
you are penancing
he/she/it is penancing
we are penancing
you are penancing
they are penancing
Present Perfect
I have penanced
you have penanced
he/she/it has penanced
we have penanced
you have penanced
they have penanced
Past Continuous
I was penancing
you were penancing
he/she/it was penancing
we were penancing
you were penancing
they were penancing
Past Perfect
I had penanced
you had penanced
he/she/it had penanced
we had penanced
you had penanced
they had penanced
Future
I will penance
you will penance
he/she/it will penance
we will penance
you will penance
they will penance
Future Perfect
I will have penanced
you will have penanced
he/she/it will have penanced
we will have penanced
you will have penanced
they will have penanced
Future Continuous
I will be penancing
you will be penancing
he/she/it will be penancing
we will be penancing
you will be penancing
they will be penancing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been penancing
you have been penancing
he/she/it has been penancing
we have been penancing
you have been penancing
they have been penancing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been penancing
you will have been penancing
he/she/it will have been penancing
we will have been penancing
you will have been penancing
they will have been penancing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been penancing
you had been penancing
he/she/it had been penancing
we had been penancing
you had been penancing
they had been penancing
Conditional
I would penance
you would penance
he/she/it would penance
we would penance
you would penance
they would penance
Past Conditional
I would have penanced
you would have penanced
he/she/it would have penanced
we would have penanced
you would have penanced
they would have penanced
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penance - remorse for your past conductpenance - remorse for your past conduct  
compunction, remorse, self-reproach - a feeling of deep regret (usually for some misdeed)
2.penance - a Catholic sacrament; repentance and confession and atonement and absolution
remission of sin, absolution, remittal, remission - the act of absolving or remitting; formal redemption as pronounced by a priest in the sacrament of penance
sacrament - a formal religious ceremony conferring a specific grace on those who receive it; the two Protestant ceremonies are baptism and the Lord's Supper; in the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church there are seven traditional rites accepted as instituted by Jesus: baptism and confirmation and Holy Eucharist and penance and holy orders and matrimony and extreme unction
confession - (Roman Catholic Church) the act of a penitent disclosing his sinfulness before a priest in the sacrament of penance in the hope of absolution
3.penance - voluntary self-punishment in order to atone for some wrongdoing
penalisation, penalization, penalty, punishment - the act of punishing

penance

noun atonement, punishment, penalty, reparation, expiation, sackcloth and ashes, self-punishment, self-mortification carrying out acts of penance for his sins The penance imposed on him proved light.
do penance atone, suffer, make amends, make reparation, accept punishment, show contrition, mortify yourself He is doing penance for a lifetime of crime.
Translations
كَفّارَه، تَكْفير
pokání
bod
yfirbót
grēku izpirkšana/nožēlošana

penance

[ˈpenəns] N
1. (= atonement) → penitencia f
to do penance forhacer penitencia por
2. (= punishment) → castigo m

penance

[ˈpɛnəns] npénitence f
to do penance for one's sins → faire pénitencepen and ink adj [drawing] → à l'encre

penance

n (Rel) → Buße f; (fig)Strafe f; to do penanceBuße tun; (fig)büßen; as a penance (Rel) → als Buße; (fig)zur or als Strafe; to give somebody penancejdm Buße auferlegen

penance

[ˈpɛnəns] npenitenza
to do penance for → fare la penitenza per

penance

(ˈpenəns) noun
punishment that a person suffers willingly to show that he is sorry for something wrong he has done. He did penance for his sins.
References in classic literature ?
Yes," said Don Quixote, "for if thou dost return soon from the place where I mean to send thee, my penance will be soon over, and my glory will soon begin.
Keep it safe, my friend, for just now I have no need of it; indeed, I shall have to take off all this armour and remain as naked as I was born, if I have a mind to follow Roland rather than Amadis in my penance.
There be monks in Russia, for penance, that will sit a whole night in a vessel of water, till they be engaged with hard ice.
But if, by means of charms and of spells, Satan had obtained dominion over the Knight, perchance because he cast his eyes too lightly upon a damsel's beauty, we are then rather to lament than chastise his backsliding; and, imposing on him only such penance as may purify him from his iniquity, we are to turn the full edge of our indignation upon the accursed instrument, which had so wellnigh occasioned his utter falling away.
That is my crime, Father Brown, and I don't know what penance you would inflict for it.
Goddard's accordingly the very next day, to undergo the necessary penance of communication; and a severe one it was.
I have also an idea of being soon in town; and whatever may be my determination as to the rest, I shall probably put THAT project in execution; for London will be always the fairest field of action, however my views may be directed; and at any rate I shall there be rewarded by your society, and a little dissipation, for a ten weeks' penance at Churchhill.
My penance, constant in degree, is mutable in kind: one of its variants is tranquillity.
Their interesting, almost too interesting conversation must be broken up for a time, but slight was the penance compared with the happiness which brought it on
Dimmesdale, on the very day when Hester Prynne first wore her ignominious badge, had begun a course of penance -- which he afterwards, in so many futile methods, followed out -- by inflicting a hideous torture on himself.
Heathcliff pleasure; whatever reason he may have for ordering Linton to undergo this penance.
A frouzy mourning of soot and smoke attired this forlorn creation of Barnard, and it had strewn ashes on its head, and was undergoing penance and humiliation as a mere dust-hole.