penicillin


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Related to penicillin: amoxicillin, penicillin allergy

pen·i·cil·lin

 (pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
n.
1. An antibiotic drug obtained from molds especially of the genus Penicillium or produced synthetically, available in various preparations and usually used to treat infections caused by gram-positive bacteria.
2. Any of a group of broad-spectrum antibiotic drugs, synthetic or semisynthetic, that are derived from penicillin.

penicillin

(ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of antibiotics with powerful bactericidal action, used to treat many types of infections, including pneumonia, gonorrhoea, and infections caused by streptococci and staphylococci: originally obtained from the fungus Penicillium, esp P. notatum. Formula: R-C9H11N2O4S where R is one of several side chains
[C20: from penicillium]

pen•i•cil•lin

(ˌpɛn əˈsɪl ɪn)

n.
any of several antibiotics produced naturally or semisynthetically from molds of the genus Penicillium, widely used to prevent and treat bacterial infection and other diseases.
[1929]

pen·i·cil·lin

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
Any of a group of antibiotics obtained from penicillium molds, used to treat or prevent infections caused by a wide variety of bacteria.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseasespenicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
amoxicillin, Amoxil, Augmentin, Larotid, Polymox, Trimox - an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
ampicillin, Polycillin, Principen, SK-Ampicillin - semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
Fulvicin, griseofulvin - a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
methicillin - antibiotic drug of the penicillin family used in the treatment of certain staphylococcal infections
penicillinase-resistant antibiotic - a form of penicillin that is not rendered inactive by penicillinase
penicillin F - the first form of penicillin that was isolated in Great Britain
benzylpenicillin, penicillin G - the penicillin that constitutes the principal component of many commercial antibiotics
penicillin O - a penicillin that is similar in antibiotic action to penicillin G but is obtained differently
penicillin V, phenoxymethyl penicillin - a crystalline penicillin similar in action to penicillin G but more resistant to the action of gastric acids
piperacillin, Pipracil - a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
Translations
بِنْسلينبِنْسِلِين
penicilinpenicilín
penicillin
penisilliini
penicilin
penicillin
pensillín
ペニシリン
페니실린
penicilinas
penicilīna-penicilīns
penicilínpenicilínový
penicillin
เพนนิซิลิน
thuốc penicillin

penicillin

[ˌpenɪˈsɪlɪn] Npenicilina f

penicillin

[ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪn] npénicilline f penicillin tabletpenicillin tablet ncomprimé m de pénicilline

penicillin

nPenizillin nt

penicillin

[ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪn] npenicillina

penicillin

(peniˈsilin) noun
a kind of antibiotic medicine which kills many harmful bacteria. The doctor gave her penicillin; (also adjective) penicillin injections.

penicillin

بِنْسِلِين penicilin penicillin Penizillin πενικιλίνη penicilina penisilliini pénicilline penicilin penicillina ペニシリン 페니실린 penicilline penicillin penicylina penicilina пенициллин penicillin เพนนิซิลิน penisilin thuốc penicillin 青霉素

pen·i·cil·lin

n. penicilina, antibiótico que se obtiene directa o indirectamente de un grupo de cultivos del hongo de la especie Penicillium.

penicillin

n penicilina
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, for the first time, experts at Newcastle University, whose study is published online today in Cell, have identified how lysozyme and penicillin could work in combination to cause recurrent infections.
Because there is no process to safely and rapidly diagnose true penicillin allergy in a critical care setting, pediatric providers are reluctant to prescribe penicillin to children with a reported allergy.
Although treatment with penicillin is still effective against these penicillin-intermediate strains, low-dose treatment regimens may fail for cases involving penicillin-resistant isolates (MIC [greater than or equal to] 0.
In the first part of the study, penicillin G, V and/or amoxicillin specific immunoglobulin E, positive with ImmunoCAP system (Termo Fisher, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA), were selected from our biobank sera, and measured specific immunoglobulin E with Immulite system (Siemens, Munich, Germany).
These kids march into adulthood with a penicillin allergy label that's never really addressed," says Allison Ramsey, an allergist at Rochester Regional Health in New York.
Lignocaine hydrochloride is a local anaesthetic agent which, if added to BPG, reduces the pain of injection and in the first 24 hours after injection, while not significantly affecting serum penicillin concentrations.
In 2008, the CLSI recommended new breakpoints for the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of penicillin and ceftriaxone, proposing different interpretive criteria for determining the use of the two antibiotics in treating meningeal and non-meningeal infections.
The inquest, held at Milford Haven Town Hall, heard that before and during her admission her partner of 30 years, Roy Conolly, mentioned her penicillin allergy five times, and that it had been recorded on her medical records.
Other nurses in primary care who see children with sore throats and administer IM penicillin may also find it useful.
The son of Mr and Mrs Bax, who declined to be identified, said: "The penicillin was often shown to family and friends.
With routine performance of penicillin skin testing using standard methods in a consecutive series of inpatients with a self-reported history of penicillin allergy, roughly 80% were found to not in fact be allergic.
Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928 and has been available for medicinal use since the 1940s.