pepper


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Related to pepper: black pepper, green pepper

pep·per

 (pĕp′ər)
n.
1.
a. A perennial climbing vine (Piper nigrum) native to India, widely cultivated for its long slender spikes of small fruit.
b. A pungent black or white spice produced from the dried fruit of this plant, used as a condiment.
2. Any of several other plants of the genus Piper, such as cubeb, betel, and kava.
3.
a. Any of several tropical American, cultivated varieties of capsicum, having podlike, many-seeded, fruit.
b. The podlike fruit of any of these plants, varying in size, shape, color, and degree of pungency, with the milder types including the bell pepper and pimiento, and the more pungent types including the habanero.
4. Any of various condiments made from the more pungent varieties of capsicum, such as cayenne pepper, tabasco pepper, and chili. Also called hot pepper.
5. Any of various other plants producing pungent fruits, such as the Szechuan pepper.
6. Baseball A warm-up exercise in which players standing a short distance from a batter field the ball and toss it to the batter, who hits each toss back to the fielders. Also called pepper game.
tr.v. pep·pered, pep·per·ing, pep·pers
1. To season or sprinkle with pepper.
2.
a. To sprinkle liberally; scatter: peppered the confetti over the street.
b. To strew something over: "Large splinters and chunks of timber peppered the ground" (John Guy).
3. To strike with small missiles or gunfire. See Synonyms at barrage2.
4. To beset repeatedly, as with questions or requests.
5. To distribute certain features, such as witty remarks or quotations, throughout (a discourse).

[Middle English peper, from Old English pipor, from Latin piper, long pepper, black pepper, from Greek peperi, of Indic origin; akin to Prakrit pipparī, long pepper, from Sanskrit pippalī, from pippalam, berry, fruit of the pipal tree, of unknown origin.]

pepper

(ˈpɛpə)
n
1. (Plants) a woody climbing plant, Piper nigrum, of the East Indies, having small black berry-like fruits: family Piperaceae
2. (Plants) the dried fruit of this plant, which is ground to produce a sharp hot condiment. See also black pepper, white pepper
3. (Plants) any of various other plants of the genus Piper. See cubeb, betel, kava
4. (Plants) Also called: capsicum any of various tropical plants of the solanaceous genus Capsicum, esp C. frutescens, the fruits of which are used as a vegetable and a condiment. See also bird pepper, sweet pepper, red pepper, cayenne pepper
5. (Plants) the fruit of any of these capsicums, which has a mild or pungent taste
6. (Cookery) the condiment made from the fruits of any of these plants
7. (Plants) any of various similar but unrelated plants, such as water pepper
vb (tr)
8. (Cookery) to season with pepper
9. to sprinkle liberally; dot: his prose was peppered with alliteration.
10. to pelt with small missiles
[Old English piper, from Latin, from Greek peperi; compare French poivre, Old Norse piparr]

pep•per

(ˈpɛp ər)

n.
1.
a. the pungent dried berries of the tropical climbing shrub Piper nigrum, used whole, crushed, or ground as a condiment.
b. any plant of the genus Piper, of the pepper family, several of which yield similar pungent berries.
2.
a. any of several plants belonging to the genus Capsicum, of the nightshade family, esp. C. annuum and C. frutescens.
b. the usu. green or red fruit of any of these plants, ranging from mild to very pungent in flavor.
c. the pungent seeds of several varieties of C. annuum or C. frutescens, used ground or whole as a condiment.
v.t.
3. to season with or as if with pepper.
4. to sprinkle or cover, as if with pepper; dot.
5. to pelt with or as if with shot or missiles.
[before 1000; Middle English peper, piper, Old English pipor (> Old Norse pipari, piparr) < Latin piper < Greek péperi; compare Old Frisian piper, Dutch peper, Old High German pfeffar (German Pfeffer), all perhaps < a common West Germanic borrowing < Latin]

pepper


Past participle: peppered
Gerund: peppering

Imperative
pepper
pepper
Present
I pepper
you pepper
he/she/it peppers
we pepper
you pepper
they pepper
Preterite
I peppered
you peppered
he/she/it peppered
we peppered
you peppered
they peppered
Present Continuous
I am peppering
you are peppering
he/she/it is peppering
we are peppering
you are peppering
they are peppering
Present Perfect
I have peppered
you have peppered
he/she/it has peppered
we have peppered
you have peppered
they have peppered
Past Continuous
I was peppering
you were peppering
he/she/it was peppering
we were peppering
you were peppering
they were peppering
Past Perfect
I had peppered
you had peppered
he/she/it had peppered
we had peppered
you had peppered
they had peppered
Future
I will pepper
you will pepper
he/she/it will pepper
we will pepper
you will pepper
they will pepper
Future Perfect
I will have peppered
you will have peppered
he/she/it will have peppered
we will have peppered
you will have peppered
they will have peppered
Future Continuous
I will be peppering
you will be peppering
he/she/it will be peppering
we will be peppering
you will be peppering
they will be peppering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been peppering
you have been peppering
he/she/it has been peppering
we have been peppering
you have been peppering
they have been peppering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been peppering
you will have been peppering
he/she/it will have been peppering
we will have been peppering
you will have been peppering
they will have been peppering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been peppering
you had been peppering
he/she/it had been peppering
we had been peppering
you had been peppering
they had been peppering
Conditional
I would pepper
you would pepper
he/she/it would pepper
we would pepper
you would pepper
they would pepper
Past Conditional
I would have peppered
you would have peppered
he/she/it would have peppered
we would have peppered
you would have peppered
they would have peppered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pepper - climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripepepper - climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam
peppercorn, pepper - pungent seasoning from the berry of the common pepper plant of East India; use whole or ground
genus Piper, Piper - type genus of the Piperaceae: large genus of chiefly climbing tropical shrubs
pepper vine, true pepper - any of various shrubby vines of the genus Piper
piperin, piperine - derived from pepper (especially black pepper); source of the hotness of black and white pepper
2.pepper - any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing pepperspepper - any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
pepper - sweet and hot varieties of fruits of plants of the genus Capsicum
genus Capsicum, Capsicum - chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers
Capsicum annuum conoides, cone pepper - plant bearing erect pungent conical red or yellow or purple fruits; sometimes grown as an ornamental
Capsicum annuum longum, cayenne, cayenne pepper, chili pepper, chilli pepper, jalapeno, long pepper - plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
bell pepper, Capsicum annuum grossum, paprika, pimento, pimiento, sweet pepper, sweet pepper plant - plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
Capsicum annuum cerasiforme, cherry pepper - plant bearing small rounded usually pungent fruits
bird pepper, Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum frutescens baccatum - plant bearing very small and very hot oblong red fruits; includes wild forms native to tropical America; thought to be ancestral to the sweet pepper and many hot peppers
Capsicum frutescens, hot pepper, tabasco pepper, tabasco plant - plant bearing very hot medium-sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the Gulf Coast states for production of hot sauce
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
capsaicin - colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
3.pepper - pungent seasoning from the berry of the common pepper plant of East India; use whole or ground
flavorer, flavoring, flavourer, flavouring, seasoning, seasoner - something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
black pepper - pepper that is ground from whole peppercorns with husks on
white pepper - pepper ground from husked peppercorns
black pepper, common pepper, Madagascar pepper, pepper, Piper nigrum, white pepper - climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam
4.pepper - sweet and hot varieties of fruits of plants of the genus Capsicum
solanaceous vegetable - any of several fruits of plants of the family Solanaceae; especially of the genera Solanum, Capsicum, and Lycopersicon
sweet pepper - large mild crisp thick-walled capsicum peppers usually bell-shaped or somewhat oblong; commonly used in salads
hot pepper - any of various pungent capsicum fruits
capsicum, capsicum pepper plant, pepper - any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
Verb1.pepper - add pepper to; "pepper the soup"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
spice up, zest, spice - add herbs or spices to
2.pepper - attack and bombard with or as if with missiles; "pelt the speaker with questions"
attack, assail - launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"

pepper

noun
1. seasoning, flavour, spice Season the mixture with salt and pepper.
verb
1. pelt, hit, shower, scatter, blitz, riddle, rake, bombard, assail, strafe, rain down on He was peppered with shrapnel.
2. sprinkle, spot, scatter, dot, stud, fleck, intersperse, speck, spatter, freckle, stipple, bespatter The road was peppered with glass.

pepper

verb
1. To mark with many small spots:
2. To direct a barrage at:
Translations
فُلْفُلفُلْفُلٌنَبات الفُلْفُليَضَع الفُلْفُليُمْطِرُ بِوابِلٍ من
pepřpaprikapepřitpepřovníkzasypat
peberpeberfrugtpeberplantepebredænge til med
pipro
فلفل
pippuripippuroidasuolatahöystääpaprika
papar
borsmegborsozpaprikarálődöz
ladamerica
láta rigna yfirpiparpipar, paprikapiparrunnipiparrunni, papríkujurt
コショウピーマン
피망후추
apibertiberti pipirųmėtinis saldainispipiraipipiras
apbērtpaprikapiparipiparot, piebērt piparuspipars
čierne koreniekoreniťpieporzasypať
poperpaprika
pepparpepprapaprika
พริกไทยป่นพืชจำพวกพริก
biberbiber koymakdelik deşik etmekkarabibertoz biber
hạt tiêutiêu

pepper

[ˈpepəʳ]
A. N
1. (= spice) → pimienta f
black/white pepperpimienta f negra/blanca
see also cayenne
2. (= vegetable) → pimiento m, pimentón m (S. Cone)
green pepperpimiento m verde, pimentón m verde (LAm)
red pepper (= capsicum) → pimiento m rojo, pimiento m morrón, pimentón m rojo (LAm)
see also chili
B. VT
2. (fig)
2.1. (= bombard) → acribillar
the walls were peppered with bullet holeslas paredes habían sido acribilladas a balazos
to pepper sth/sb with bulletsacribillar algo/a algn a balazos
to pepper sb with questionsacribillar a algn a preguntas
2.2. (= sprinkle) → salpicar
his English is heavily peppered with Americanismssu inglés está salpicado de americanismos
to pepper a work with quotationssalpicar una obra de citas
his hair is peppered with greytiene el pelo salpicado de canas
C. CPD pepper mill Nmolinillo m de pimienta
pepper plant Npimentero m
pepper pot, pepper shaker (US) Npimentero m
pepper steak Nfilete m a la pimienta

pepper

[ˈpɛpər]
n
(= spice) → poivre m
Pass the pepper, please → Passez-moi le poivre, s'il vous plaît.
(= vegetable) → poivron m
a green pepper → un poivron vert
vt
(= season) → poivrer
peppered mackerel fillet → filet de maquereau au poivre
to pepper sth with [+ jokes, quotations, phrases] → truffer qch de
to be peppered with (jokes, quotations, phrases)être truffé(e) de

pepper

nPfeffer m; (= green, red pepper)Paprika m; (= plant)Pfefferstrauch m; two pepperszwei Paprikaschoten
vt
(lit)pfeffern
(fig) to pepper something with quotationsetw mit Zitaten spicken; to pepper somebody with shotjdn mit Kugeln durchlöchern

pepper

:
pepper-and-salt
adjPfeffer-und-Salz-; hairmeliert; pepper patternPfeffer-und-Salz-Muster nt
pepperbox
n (US) → Pfefferstreuer m
peppercorn
nPfefferkorn nt
peppercorn rent
n (= nominal rent)nominelle or symbolische Miete

pepper

:
pepper mill
peppermint
nPfefferminz nt; (Bot) → Pfefferminze f
pepper pot
pepper spray
nPfefferspray nt
pepper steak
nPfeffersteak m

pepper

[ˈpɛpəʳ]
1. n
a. (spice) → pepe m
white/black pepper → pepe bianco/nero
b. (vegetable) → peperone m
2. vtpepare
to pepper an essay with quotations (fig) → infarcire un saggio di citazioni

pepper

(ˈpepə) noun
1. the dried, powdered berries of a certain plant, used for seasoning food. white/black pepper; This soup has too much pepper in it.
2. the plant bearing these berries. a pepper plant.
3. any of several red, yellow, or green, hollow seed-containing fruits used as food. red peppers stuffed with rice.
4. any of the plants which bear these.
verb
1. to put pepper in or on (some food). You don't have to pepper the soup.
2. (with with) to throw, fire etc many, usually small, objects at (someone). He peppered them with bullets.
ˈpeppery adjective
1. (of food) containing a lot of pepper. The soup is too peppery.
2. easily made angry. a peppery old man.
ˈpeppercorn noun
the berry of the pepper plant.
ˈpepper-mill noun
a small container in which peppercorns are ground into a powder.
ˈpeppermint noun
1. a flavouring taken from a type of plant and used in sweets etc.
2. (sometimes abbreviated to mint) a sweet flavoured with peppermint. The little boy had a bag of peppermints.

pepper

فُلْفُل, فُلْفُلٌ paprika, pepř peber Paprika, Pfeffer πιπέρι, πιπεριά pimienta, pimiento paprika, pippuri poivre, poivron papar pepe, peperone コショウ, ピーマン 피망, 후추 paprika, peper paprika, pepper papryka, pieprz pimenta, pimentão, pimento перец paprika, peppar พริกไทยป่น, พืชจำพวกพริก biber hạt tiêu, tiêu 胡椒粉, 辣椒

pepper

n pimienta
References in classic literature ?
asked Ned, as they sat at supper, the first night after their arrival, eating of several dishes, the red- pepper condiments of which caused frequent trips to the water pitcher.
He tasted his soup and began to season it with pepper, salt, vinegar, mustard--everything within reach.
It was made of small juicy clams, scarcely bigger than hazel nuts, mixed with pounded ship biscuit, and salted pork cut up into little flakes; the whole enriched with butter, and plentifully seasoned with pepper and salt.
In the present instance, too, this dignity is heightened by the pepper and salt color of his head at the summit, giving token of advanced age and large experience.
It must always be done at night, so that Jurgis could go along; and even if it were only a pepper cruet, or half a dozen glasses for ten cents, that was enough for an expedition.
Beat up two eggs with a little water or milk, salt, pepper, chives, and parsley.
A dark store-room opens out of it, and that is a place to be run past at night; for I don't know what may be among those tubs and jars and old tea-chests, when there is nobody in there with a dimly-burning light, letting a mouldy air come out of the door, in which there is the smell of soap, pickles, pepper, candles, and coffee, all at one whiff.
Finally he gave a faint single rap, and Pepper - such was the compromising name of the avenging boy - announced "Mr.
She saves a little pepper to sprinkle over her talk--that's the reason why she never puts too much into her pies.
But if we are allowed to sit at meat with her,--ever a royal condescension,--it is ours at least to pass her the salt, to see that she is never kept waiting a moment for the mustard or the pepper, to cut the bread for her with geometrical precision, and to lean as near her warm shoulder as we dare to pour out for her the sacred wine.
I speak severely to my boy, I beat him when he sneezes; For he can thoroughly enjoy The pepper when he pleases
I then took leave of him, and exchanging my merchandise for sandal and aloes wood, camphor, nutmegs, cloves, pepper, and ginger, I embarked upon the same vessel and traded so successfully upon our homeward voyage that I arrived in Balsora with about one hundred thousand sequins.