perfect


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to perfect: perfect tense

per·fect

 (pûr′fĭkt)
adj.
1. Lacking nothing essential to the whole; complete of its nature or kind.
2. Being without defect or blemish: a perfect specimen.
3. Thoroughly skilled or talented in a certain field or area; proficient.
4. Completely suited for a particular purpose or situation: She was the perfect actress for the part.
5.
a. Completely corresponding to a description, standard, or type: a perfect circle; a perfect gentleman.
b. Accurately reproducing an original: a perfect copy of the painting.
6. Complete; thorough; utter: a perfect fool.
7. Pure; undiluted; unmixed: perfect red.
8. Excellent and delightful in all respects: a perfect day.
9. Botany Having both stamens and pistils in the same flower; monoclinous.
10. Capable of sexual reproduction. Used of fungi.
11. Grammar Of, relating to, or constituting a verb form expressing action completed prior to a fixed point of reference in time.
12. Music Designating the three basic intervals of the octave, fourth, and fifth.
n.
1. Grammar The perfect tense.
2. A verb or verb form in the perfect tense.
tr.v. (pər-fĕkt′) per·fect·ed, per·fect·ing, per·fects
To bring to perfection or completion: perfected the technique to isolate the virus.

[Middle English perfit, from Old French parfit, from Latin perfectus, past participle of perficere, to finish : per-, per- + facere, to do; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]

per·fect′er n.
per′fect·ness n.
Synonyms: perfect, consummate, faultless, flawless, impeccable
These adjectives mean being wholly without flaw: a perfect diamond; a consummate performer; faultless logic; a flawless instrumental technique; speaks impeccable French.
Usage Note: The adjective perfect is often considered an absolute term like chief and prime; some maintain that it therefore cannot be modified by more, quite, relatively, and other qualifiers of degree. But the qualification of perfect has many reputable precedents (most notably in the preamble to the US Constitution in the phrase "in order to form a more perfect Union"). When perfect means "ideal for a purpose," as in There could be no more perfect spot for the picnic, modification by degree is considered acceptable; in fact 74 percent of the Usage Panel approved this example in our 2004 survey. See Usage Notes at absolute, equal, unique.

perfect

adj
1. having all essential elements
2. unblemished; faultless: a perfect gemstone.
3. correct or precise: perfect timing.
4. utter or absolute: a perfect stranger.
5. excellent in all respects: a perfect day.
6. (Mathematics) maths exactly divisible into equal integral or polynomial roots: 36 is a perfect square.
7. (Botany) botany
a. (of flowers) having functional stamens and pistils
b. (of plants) having all parts present
8. (Grammar) grammar denoting a tense of verbs used in describing an action that has been completed by the subject. In English this is a compound tense, formed with have or has plus the past participle
9. (Music, other) music
a. of or relating to the intervals of the unison, fourth, fifth, and octave
b. Also: full or final (of a cadence) ending on the tonic chord, giving a feeling of conclusion. Compare imperfect6
10. archaic positive certain, or assured
n
(Grammar) grammar
a. the perfect tense
b. a verb in this tense
vb (tr)
11. to make perfect; improve to one's satisfaction: he is in Paris to perfect his French.
12. to make fully accomplished
13. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing to print the reverse side of (a printed sheet of paper)
[C13: from Latin perfectus, from perficere to perform, from per through + facere to do]
ˈperfectness n
Usage: For most of its meanings, the adjective perfect describes an absolute state, i.e. one that cannot be qualified; thus something is either perfect or not perfect, and cannot be more perfect or less perfect. However when perfect means excellent in all respects, a comparative can be used with it without absurdity: the next day the weather was even more perfect

per•fect

(adj., n. ˈpɜr fɪkt; v. pərˈfɛkt)

adj.
1. conforming absolutely to the description or definition of an ideal type: a perfect gentleman.
2. excellent or complete beyond practical or theoretical improvement.
3. exactly fitting the need in a certain situation or for a certain purpose: the perfect actor for the part.
4. entirely without any flaws, defects, or shortcomings: a perfect apple.
5. accurate, exact, or correct in every detail: a perfect copy.
6. thorough; complete; utter: perfect strangers.
7. unqualified; absolute: perfect control.
8. expert; accomplished; proficient.
9. unmitigated: a perfect fool.
11.
a. of or designating a verb tense, aspect, or form typically indicating an action or state extending up to, or having results continuing up to, the present or some other temporal point of reference.
b. of or designating a verb tense, as in Greek, indicating an action or state brought to a close prior to some temporal point of reference, in contrast to imperfect or incomplete action.
12. pertaining to or being the consonant musical intervals of an octave, fifth, or fourth.
13. Obs. assured or certain.
v.t.
14. to bring to perfection; make flawless or faultless.
15. to bring nearer to perfection; improve.
16. to bring to completion; finish.
n.
17. the perfect tense or aspect.
18. a verb form or construction in the perfect tense or aspect.
[1250–1300; late Middle English; Middle English perfit, parfit < Old French < Latin perfectus, past participle of perficere to finish, bring to completion =per- per- + -ficere, comb. form of facere to make, do1]
per•fect′er, n.
per′fect•ness, n.
usage: Some usage guides still object to the use of such comparative terms as most, more, and rather with perfect on the grounds that perfect describes an absolute condition that cannot exist in degrees. The English language has never agreed to this limitation. perfect has been compared since its earliest use, first in the obsolete forms perfecter and perfectest and later with more, most, and similar words, in most of its general senses in all varieties of speech and writing: the most perfect arrangement imaginable. One of the objectives of the writers of the U.S. Constitution was “to form a more perfect union.” See also complete, unique.

perfect

  • A-OK - Astronauts on the Mercury Project in 1961 popularized A-OK, meaning "excellent, perfect"; it was coined by blending the adjective "A," as in A-one or A1, meaning "first-class," with "OK."
  • palinoia - The compulsive repetition of an act until it is perfect.
  • parfait - Literally French for "perfect."
  • perfect binding - A book bound by gluing instead of sewing.

perfect

1. 'perfect'

Something that is perfect is as good as it can possibly be.

She speaks perfect English.
I've got the perfect solution.

In conversation, some people use perfect to mean 'very good indeed'. It is fairly common for people to say that one thing is more perfect than another, or that something is the most perfect thing of its kind.

The resulting film is more perfect than a genuine live broadcast.
Some claim its acoustics to be the most perfect in the world.
2. 'perfectly'

You do not use 'perfect' as an adverb. You do not say, for example, 'She did it perfect'. You say 'She did it perfectly'.

The plan worked perfectly.
He was dressed perfectly.

perfect


Past participle: perfected
Gerund: perfecting

Imperative
perfect
perfect
Present
I perfect
you perfect
he/she/it perfects
we perfect
you perfect
they perfect
Preterite
I perfected
you perfected
he/she/it perfected
we perfected
you perfected
they perfected
Present Continuous
I am perfecting
you are perfecting
he/she/it is perfecting
we are perfecting
you are perfecting
they are perfecting
Present Perfect
I have perfected
you have perfected
he/she/it has perfected
we have perfected
you have perfected
they have perfected
Past Continuous
I was perfecting
you were perfecting
he/she/it was perfecting
we were perfecting
you were perfecting
they were perfecting
Past Perfect
I had perfected
you had perfected
he/she/it had perfected
we had perfected
you had perfected
they had perfected
Future
I will perfect
you will perfect
he/she/it will perfect
we will perfect
you will perfect
they will perfect
Future Perfect
I will have perfected
you will have perfected
he/she/it will have perfected
we will have perfected
you will have perfected
they will have perfected
Future Continuous
I will be perfecting
you will be perfecting
he/she/it will be perfecting
we will be perfecting
you will be perfecting
they will be perfecting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been perfecting
you have been perfecting
he/she/it has been perfecting
we have been perfecting
you have been perfecting
they have been perfecting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been perfecting
you will have been perfecting
he/she/it will have been perfecting
we will have been perfecting
you will have been perfecting
they will have been perfecting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been perfecting
you had been perfecting
he/she/it had been perfecting
we had been perfecting
you had been perfecting
they had been perfecting
Conditional
I would perfect
you would perfect
he/she/it would perfect
we would perfect
you would perfect
they would perfect
Past Conditional
I would have perfected
you would have perfected
he/she/it would have perfected
we would have perfected
you would have perfected
they would have perfected
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.perfect - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)perfect - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
present perfect, present perfect tense - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the present; "`I have finished' is an example of the present perfect"
past perfect, past perfect tense, pluperfect, pluperfect tense - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past; "`I had finished' is an example of the past perfect"
future perfect, future perfect tense - a perfective tense used to describe action that will be completed in the future; "`I will have finished' is an example of the future perfect"
Verb1.perfect - make perfect or complete; "perfect your French in Paris!"
optimise, optimize - make optimal; get the most out of; use best; "optimize your resources"
ameliorate, improve, meliorate, amend, better - to make better; "The editor improved the manuscript with his changes"
polish up, brush up, round off, polish, round - bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state; "polish your social manners"
Adj.1.perfect - being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish; "a perfect circle"; "a perfect reproduction"; "perfect happiness"; "perfect manners"; "a perfect specimen"; "a perfect day"
unblemished, unmarred, unmutilated - free from physical or moral spots or stains; "an unblemished record"; "an unblemished complexion"
unbroken - not broken; whole and intact; in one piece; "fortunately the other lens is unbroken"
exact - marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact; "an exact mind"; "an exact copy"; "hit the exact center of the target"
utopian - characterized by or aspiring to impracticable perfection; "the dim utopian future"; "utopian idealists"; "recognized the utopian nature of his hopes"
imperfect - not perfect; defective or inadequate; "had only an imperfect understanding of his responsibilities"; "imperfect mortals"; "drainage here is imperfect"
2.perfect - without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers; "an arrant fool"; "a complete coward"; "a consummate fool"; "a double-dyed villain"; "gross negligence"; "a perfect idiot"; "pure folly"; "what a sodding mess"; "stark staring mad"; "a thoroughgoing villain"; "utter nonsense"; "the unadulterated truth"
unmitigated - not diminished or moderated in intensity or severity; sometimes used as an intensifier; "unmitigated suffering"; "an unmitigated horror"; "an unmitigated lie"
3.perfect - precisely accurate or exact; "perfect timing"
exact - marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact; "an exact mind"; "an exact copy"; "hit the exact center of the target"

perfect

adjective
1. faultless, correct, pure, accurate, faithful, impeccable, exemplary, flawless, foolproof, blameless Nobody's perfect. He spoke perfect English.
faultless flawed, faulty, deficient, imperfect, impure
2. excellent, ideal, supreme, superb, splendid, sublime, superlative This is a perfect time to buy a house.
5. exact, true, accurate, precise, right, close, correct, strict, faithful, spot-on (Brit. informal), on the money (U.S.), unerring She spoke in a perfect imitation of her father's voice.
verb
1. improve, develop, polish, elaborate, refine, cultivate, hone He worked hard to perfect his drawing technique.
improve mar

perfect

adjective
1. Lacking nothing essential or normal:
3. Without imperfections or blemishes, as a line or contour:
4. Conforming to an ultimate form of perfection or excellence:
5. Not more or less:
7. Free from extraneous elements:
8. Supremely excellent in quality or nature:
verb
To bring to perfection or completion:
Idiom: smooth off the rough edges.
Translations
تَامٌتام، كامِل، عَظيمتام، مُمتازمَضبوطيُتْقِن
съвършенсъвършенасъвършено
dokonalýnaprostýpřesnýzdokonalitbezvadný
perfektperfektionerefuldendtfuldstændignøjagtig
täydellinenkaksineuvoinen
savršen
tökéletesít
algjör, fullkominnfullkominnfullkominn, nákvæmurfullkomna
完璧な
완벽한
tobulintitobulumo siekiantis žmogus
ideāls, pilnīgspilnīgs, absolūtspilnveidotteicams, nevainojams
perfectperfecta
perfektný
izpopolnitiodličenpopoln
perfekt
ถูกต้อง
mükemmelmükemmelleştirmektamtümü ilekusursuz
hoàn thiện

perfect

[ˈpɜːfɪkt]
A. ADJ
1. (= faultless) → perfecto
nobody is perfectnadie es perfecto
everything was perfect on the dayese día todo salió perfecto
in perfect conditionen perfectas condiciones
he spoke perfect English, his English was perfecthablaba un inglés perfecto
his Spanish is far from perfectsu español dista mucho de ser perfecto
you're in perfect healthse encuentra perfectamente de salud
see also practice A1
see also word-perfect
2. (= ideal) [moment, solution, place] → ideal, perfecto
a job like that would be perfect for youun trabajo como ése sería ideal or perfecto para ti
Saturday morning would be perfectel sábado por la mañana sería ideal or perfecto
he's the perfect man for the jobes el hombre idóneo or ideal or perfecto para el cargo
his expertise made him the perfect choicesu experiencia hacía de él la persona idónea or ideal or perfecta
in a perfect worlden un mundo ideal
3. (= exact) → perfecto
a perfect circleun círculo perfecto
a perfect copyuna copia perfecta
the jacket was a perfect fitla chaqueta me estaba perfecta or me quedaba perfectamente
my watch keeps perfect timemi reloj siempre marca la hora exacta
4. (= absolute, utter) a perfect fool/strangerun perfecto idiota/desconocido
I have a perfect right to be hereestoy en el perfecto derecho de estar aquí
she's a perfect pestes una verdadera pesada
it makes perfect sense to meme parece completamente or totalmente lógico
5. (Gram) → perfecto
see also future A2
see also present C
see also past E
6. (Mus) [fourth, fifth, octave] → perfecto
a perfect fifthuna quinta perfecta
B. [ˈpɜːfɪkt] N (Gram) the perfectel tiempo perfecto
see also future A2
see also present C
see also past E
C. [pəˈfekt] VTperfeccionar
she wanted to perfect her Englishquería perfeccionar su inglés
to perfect the art of doing sthperfeccionar el arte de hacer algo
D. [ˈpɜːfɪkt] CPD perfect number N (Math) → número m perfecto
perfect pitch N (Mus) → oído m perfecto
to have perfect pitchtener el oído perfecto

perfect

[ˈpɜːrfɪkt]
n
adj
(= faultless) → parfait(e)
Chantal speaks perfect English → Chantal parle un anglais parfait.
(= excellent) [opportunity, place, example] → parfait(e) often before n
Their win was a perfect example of teamwork → Leur victoire était un parfait exemple de travail d'équipe.
to be a perfect fit (= just the right size) → aller parfaitement
(= ideal) → parfait(e)
perfect for sb/sth [person, situation, activity] → parfait pour qn/qch
Lino is perfect for kitchens because it's easy to wash → Le lino est parfait pour les cuisines car facile à laver.
The weather was perfect for a picnic → Le temps était parfait pour un pique-nique.
(= complete) → parfait(e) before n
He's a perfect stranger to me → C'est un parfait inconnu pour moi.
You're behaving like a perfect idiot → Tu te comportes comme un parfait imbécile.
It makes perfect sense → C'est parfaitement logique.
n
the perfect (= tense) → le passé composé
[pərˈfɛkt] vt
[+ English, French] → perfectionner
[+ technique, method, system] → perfectionner

perfect

adj
perfekt; wife, husband, teacher, host, relationshipperfekt, vorbildlich; weather, day, holidayideal, perfekt; (Comm: = not damaged) → einwandfrei; to be perfect for doing somethingbestens geeignet sein, um etw zu tun; it was the perfect momentes war genau der richtige Augenblick; that’s the perfect hairstyle/woman for youdas ist genau die richtige Frisur/Frau für dich; his Spanish is far from perfectsein Spanisch ist bei Weitem nicht perfekt; with perfect self-confidencemit absolutem Selbstvertrauen; nobody is perfectniemand ist perfekt or vollkommen; they make a perfect couplesie sind das perfekte Paar; in a perfect worldin einer idealen Welt; he’s the perfect gentlemaner ist der perfekte Gentleman; perfect number (Math) → vollkommene Zahl
(= absolute, utter)völlig; fool, nonsensevöllig, ausgemacht; she’s a perfect terrorsie ist einfach schrecklich; he’s a perfect boreer ist ausgesprochen langweilig; perfect strangerswildfremde Leute pl; a perfect strangerein wildfremder Mensch; he’s a perfect stranger to meer ist mir völlig fremd; it’s a perfect disgracees ist wirklich eine Schande
(Gram) perfect tensePerfekt nt; perfect endingEndung fim Perfekt; perfect formVergangenheitsform f
(Mus) fourthrein; cadenceauthentisch ? pitch2
n (Gram) → Perfekt nt; in the perfectim Perfekt
vtvervollkommnen; technique, technology, process alsoperfektionieren; to perfect the art of doing somethingdie Kunst perfektionieren, etw zu tun

perfect

[adj ˈpɜːfɪkt; vb pəˈfɛkt]
1. adj (gen) (Gram) → perfetto/a
it's a perfect day for skiing → è una giornata ideale per sciare
he's a perfect stranger to me → mi è completamente sconosciuto
2. n (Gram) (also perfect tense) → perfetto
3. vtperfezionare; (skill, technique) → mettere a punto

perfect

(ˈpəːfikt) adjective
1. without fault or flaw; excellent. a perfect day for a holiday; a perfect rose.
2. exact. a perfect copy.
3. very great; complete. a perfect stranger.
(pəˈfekt) verb
to make perfect. He went to France to perfect his French.
perˈfection (-ʃən) noun
the state of being perfect. Absolute perfection in a dictionary is rare.
perˈfectionist (-ʃə-) noun
a person who is only satisfied if what he is doing is perfect. She's a perfectionist – her work is perfect in every detail.
ˈperfectly adverb
1. without mistakes or flaws. She performed the dance perfectly.
2. very; completely. He was perfectly happy.

perfect

تَامٌ dokonalý perfekt perfekt τέλειος perfecto täydellinen parfait savršen perfetto 完璧な 완벽한 perfect perfekt doskonały perfeito совершенный perfekt ถูกต้อง mükemmel hoàn thiện 完美的

perfect

a. perfecto-a, completo-a, acabado-a;
adv. perfectamente, completamente.
References in classic literature ?
The slippers went on at once, a new handkerchief was slipped into her pocket, well scented with Amy's cologne, the rose was fastened in her bosom, and the nice gloves were pronounced a perfect fit.
The condition that had brought her to him passed in an illness, but she was like one who has discovered the sweetness of the twisted apples, she could not get her mind fixed again upon the round perfect fruit that is eaten in the city apartments.
And here she was, brushed and smoothed and dressed like a town girl, smiling at us with perfect composure.
They formed a congenial group sitting there that summer afternoon--Madame Ratignolle sewing away, often stopping to relate a story or incident with much expressive gesture of her perfect hands; Robert and Mrs.
Although in a state of perfect repose, and apparently disregarding, with characteristic stoicism, the excitement and bustle around him, there was a sullen fierceness mingled with the quiet of the savage, that was likely to arrest the attention of much more experienced eyes than those which now scanned him, in unconcealed amazement.
He said we came here solely on my account, that I was to have perfect rest and all the air I could get.
We heard the turning of a key in a small lock; she has opened a secret drawer of an escritoire, and is probably looking at a certain miniature, done in Malbone's most perfect style, and representing a face worthy of no less delicate a pencil.
Some authors, indeed, do far more than this, and indulge themselves in such confidential depths of revelation as could fittingly be addressed only and exclusively to the one heart and mind of perfect sympathy; as if the printed book, thrown at large on the wide world, were certain to find out the divided segment of the writer's own nature, and complete his circle of existence by bringing him into communion with it.
It was most ingeniously secured at vacant hours, by a *withe twisted in the handle of the door, and stakes set against the window shutters; so that though a thief might get in with perfect ease, he would find some embarrassment in getting out, --an idea most probably borrowed by the architect, Yost Van Houten, from the mystery of an eelpot.
He "had" me indeed, and in a cleft stick; for who would ever absolve me, who would consent that I should go unhung, if, by the faintest tremor of an overture, I were the first to introduce into our perfect intercourse an element so dire?
Practice makes perfect," said the crooked little hostler, "and 'twould be a pity if it didn't; forty years' practice, and not perfect
Everybody could be any kind of a Christian he wanted to; there was perfect freedom in that matter.