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Related to perfective: perfective tense, imperfective


1. Tending toward perfection.
2. Grammar Of, related to, or being the aspect that expresses the completion or the result of the action denoted by the verb.
n. Grammar
1. The perfective aspect.
2. A perfective verb form.
3. A verb having a perfective form.

per·fec′tive·ly adv.
per·fec′tive·ness, per′fec·tiv′i·ty (pûr′fĕk-tĭv′ĭ-tē) n.


1. tending to perfect
2. (Grammar) grammar denoting an aspect of verbs in some languages, including English, used to express that the action or event described by the verb is or was completed: I lived in London for ten years is perfective; I have lived in London for ten years is imperfective, since the implication is that I still live in London


(pərˈfɛk tɪv)

1. tending to make perfect; conducive to perfection.
2. of or designating an aspect of verbal inflection, as in Russian, that indicates completion of the action or state denoted by the verb.
3. the perfective aspect.
4. a form in this aspect.
[1590–1600; < Medieval Latin perfectīvus. See perfect, -ive]
per•fec′tive•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.perfective - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)perfective - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
present perfect, present perfect tense - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the present; "`I have finished' is an example of the present perfect"
past perfect, past perfect tense, pluperfect, pluperfect tense - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past; "`I had finished' is an example of the past perfect"
future perfect, future perfect tense - a perfective tense used to describe action that will be completed in the future; "`I will have finished' is an example of the future perfect"
2.perfective - the aspect of a verb that expresses a completed action
aspect - the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb


A. ADJ [aspect, verb] → perfectivo
B. Nperfectivo m


adj (also Gram) → perfektiv
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: evolutionary, corrective, adaptive and perfective maintenance of the editorial system
Arrow PC Network offerings are adaptive to client needs and bring distinctive value across diverse technology catering effective, adaptive and perfective solution along with consultancy services and maintenance.
Swanson initially identified three categories of maintenance which are corrective, adaptive, and perfective [2].
20) This link reveals a relation of complementarity between the two at the level of their being, and this complementarity ensures that the good will be perfective of the subject.
com designed the platform with a buyers perfective in mind.
They are of the opinion that a greater importance should be placed on preventative and perfective maintenance.
In the few examples in which the perfective aspect is used, it occurs with discrete or dense continuous verbs, never with compact continuous verbs or with the progressive aspect.
Scholars and advanced students of Semitic linguistics and related disciplines present eight papers on such topics as re-analysis and new roots: an Akkadian perspective, the morphosyntax of nominal antecedents in Semitic and an innovation in Arabic, the main line of a biblical Hebrew narrative and what to do with two perfective grams, some sociolinguistic observations on Hebrew and Hebrew-Yiddish terms and expressions in contemporary German, and Muhamed Hevai Uskufi Bosnevi's 1631 Makbul-i 'arif from a turcological perspective.
Based on the patterns of L2 French past-tense development (see Bardovi-Harlig, 2000; Harley, 1992), Izquierdo (2007) exposed learners from two past-tense proficiency levels to one of two sets of MI experimental materials, including four one-hour lessons teaching the perfective and imperfective past: passe compose and imparfait, respectively.
7) This lack of closure is seen most clearly in the fact that, McCarty argues, modeling is an "iterative, perfective process"; models, in other words, are open to manipulation and can thereby be used to provide multiple and increasingly accurate snapshots.
he is examining) signals the difference with the present perfective progressive (i.
For example, narratives of all kinds are typically formulated in past tense, perfective aspect, and realis modality, whereas expository, argumentative, or descriptive texts rely mainly on the timeless present, generic aspect, and irrealis modality (Longacre 1996, Ragnarsdottir et al.