perform

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per·form

 (pər-fôrm′)
v. per·formed, per·form·ing, per·forms
v.tr.
1. To begin and carry through to completion; do: The surgeon performed the operation.
2. To take action in accordance with the requirements of; fulfill: perform one's contractual obligations.
3.
a. To enact (a feat or role) before an audience.
b. To give a public presentation of; present: My theater group performed a three-act play.
v.intr.
1. To function or accomplish something as expected or required: a car that performs well on curves; workers not performing up to standard.
2. To yield a return on investment: stocks that performed well.
3. To portray a role or demonstrate a skill before an audience: The juggler performed atop a unicycle.
4. To present a dramatic or musical work or other entertainment before an audience.

[Middle English performen, from Anglo-Norman performer, from Old French parfornir : par-, intensive pref. (from Latin per-, per-) + fournir, to furnish; see furnish.]

per·form′a·ble adj.
per·form′er n.
Synonyms: perform, execute, accomplish, achieve
These verbs signify to carry through to completion. To perform is to carry out an action, undertaking, or procedure, often with great skill or care. The ship's captain performed the wedding ceremony. Laser experiments are performed regularly in the laboratory.
Execute implies performing a task or putting something into effect in accordance with a plan or design: "To execute laws is a royal office; to execute orders is not to be a king" (Edmund Burke).
Accomplish connotes the successful completion of something, often of something that requires tenacity or talent: "Make one brave push and see what can be accomplished in a week" (Robert Louis Stevenson).
To achieve is to accomplish something, often something significant, especially despite difficulty: "Some are born great ... Some achieve greatness ... And some have greatness thrust upon them" (Shakespeare).

perform

(pəˈfɔːm)
vb
1. to carry out or do (an action)
2. (tr) to fulfil or comply with: to perform someone's request.
3. to present or enact (a play, concert, etc) before or otherwise entertain an audience: the group performed Hamlet.
4. (intr) informal to accomplish sexual intercourse: he performed well.
[C14: from Anglo-Norman perfourmer (influenced by forme form), from Old French parfournir, from par- per- + fournir to provide; see furnish]
perˈformable adj
perˌformaˈbility n
perˈformer n

per•form

(pərˈfɔrm)

v.t.
1. to carry out; execute; do: to perform surgery.
2. to execute in the proper, customary, or established manner: to perform a marriage ceremony.
3. to carry into effect; fulfill: to perform a contract.
4. to act (a play, part, etc.), as on the stage.
5. to render (music), as by playing or singing.
6. to accomplish (an action involving skill or ability), as before an audience.
v.i.
7. to execute or do something; function.
8. to carry out or fulfill a command, promise, or contract.
9. to give a performance, esp. before an audience.
10. to engage in the performing arts, esp. professionally.
[1250–1300; Middle English parformen < Anglo-French parformer, alter. (by association with forme form) of Middle French, Old French parfournir to accomplish]
per•form′er, n.

perform


Past participle: performed
Gerund: performing

Imperative
perform
perform
Present
I perform
you perform
he/she/it performs
we perform
you perform
they perform
Preterite
I performed
you performed
he/she/it performed
we performed
you performed
they performed
Present Continuous
I am performing
you are performing
he/she/it is performing
we are performing
you are performing
they are performing
Present Perfect
I have performed
you have performed
he/she/it has performed
we have performed
you have performed
they have performed
Past Continuous
I was performing
you were performing
he/she/it was performing
we were performing
you were performing
they were performing
Past Perfect
I had performed
you had performed
he/she/it had performed
we had performed
you had performed
they had performed
Future
I will perform
you will perform
he/she/it will perform
we will perform
you will perform
they will perform
Future Perfect
I will have performed
you will have performed
he/she/it will have performed
we will have performed
you will have performed
they will have performed
Future Continuous
I will be performing
you will be performing
he/she/it will be performing
we will be performing
you will be performing
they will be performing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been performing
you have been performing
he/she/it has been performing
we have been performing
you have been performing
they have been performing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been performing
you will have been performing
he/she/it will have been performing
we will have been performing
you will have been performing
they will have been performing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been performing
you had been performing
he/she/it had been performing
we had been performing
you had been performing
they had been performing
Conditional
I would perform
you would perform
he/she/it would perform
we would perform
you would perform
they would perform
Past Conditional
I would have performed
you would have performed
he/she/it would have performed
we would have performed
you would have performed
they would have performed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.perform - carry out or perform an action; "John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters"; "the skater executed a triple pirouette"; "she did a little dance"
click off - perform or finish an action rapidly; "The game was clicked off in 1:48"
carry - sing or play against other voices or parts; "He cannot carry a tune"
pipe up - begin to play or sing
declaim, recite - recite in elocution
serenade - sing and play for somebody; "She was serenaded by her admirers"
cut corners - do something the cheapest or easiest way; "Cut corners to make a cheaper product"
stunt - perform a stunt or stunts
cut - perform or carry out; "cut a caper"
blaze away - perform (an acting passage) brilliantly and rapidly; "Mr. Jones blazed away in one passage after another to loud applause"
scamp - perform hastily and carelessly
churn out - perform in a mechanical way
premier, premiere - perform a work for the first time
star - be the star in a performance
appear - appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.; "Gielgud appears briefly in this movie"; "She appeared in `Hamlet' on the London stage"
practise, rehearse, practice - engage in a rehearsal (of)
ad-lib, extemporise, improvise, improvize, extemporize - perform without preparation; "he extemporized a speech at the wedding"
interpret, render - give an interpretation or rendition of; "The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully"
conduct, direct, lead - lead, as in the performance of a composition; "conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years"
make - perform or carry out; "make a decision"; "make a move"; "make advances"; "make a phone call"
2.perform - perform a function; "Who will perform the wedding?"
church - perform a special church rite or service for; "church a woman after childbirth"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
officiate - act in an official capacity in a ceremony or religious ritual, such as a wedding; "Who officiated at your wedding?"
3.perform - give a performance (of something); "Horowitz is performing at Carnegie Hall tonight"; "We performed a popular Gilbert and Sullivan opera"
performing arts - arts or skills that require public performance
barnstorm - tour the country making political speeches, giving lectures, or presenting plays; "The presidential candidates are busy barnstorming this month"
barnstorm - appear at county fairs and carnivals as a stunt flier and parachute jumper
re-create - create anew; "Re-create the boom of the West on a small scale"
interlude - perform an interlude; "The guitar player interluded with a beautiful improvisation"
grandstand - perform ostentatiously in order to impress the audience and with an eye to the applause; "She never misses a chance to grandstand"
solo - perform a piece written for a single instrument
play out - perform or be performed to the end; "How will the election drama be played out?"
underperform - perform too rarely; "Her plays are underperformed, although they are very good"
sightread, sight-read - perform music from a score without having seen the score before; "He is a brilliant pianist but he cannot sightread"
rap - perform rap music
give - perform for an audience; "Pollini is giving another concert in New York"
concertise, concertize - give concerts; perform in concerts; "My niece is off concertizing in Europe"
play - perform on a certain location; "The prodigy played Carnegie Hall at the age of 16"; "She has been playing on Broadway for years"
debut - make one's debut; "This young soprano debuts next month at the Metropolitan Opera"
audition, try out - perform in order to get a role; "She auditioned for a role on Broadway"
playact, roleplay, act, play - perform on a stage or theater; "She acts in this play"; "He acted in `Julius Caesar'"; "I played in `A Christmas Carol'"
play - play on an instrument; "The band played all night long"
conduct - lead musicians in the performance of; "Bernstein conducted Mahler like no other conductor"; "she cannot conduct modern pieces"
4.perform - get (something) done; "I did my job"
accomplish, carry out, carry through, fulfil, fulfill, action, execute - put in effect; "carry out a task"; "execute the decision of the people"; "He actioned the operation"
overachieve - perform better or achieve a greater degree of success than expected; "His daughter always overachieves"
turn - accomplish by rotating; "turn a somersault"; "turn cartwheels"
underachieve, underperform - perform less well or with less success than expected; "John consistently underachieves, although he is very able"; "My stocks underperformed last year"
misdo - do wrongly or improperly; "misdo one's job"
do one's best, give full measure, give one's best, go all out - perform a task as well as possible; "The cast gives full measure every night"
ply - apply oneself diligently; "Ply one's trade"

perform

verb
1. do, achieve, carry out, effect, complete, satisfy, observe, fulfil, accomplish, execute, bring about, pull off, act out, transact people who have performed outstanding acts of bravery
2. fulfil, carry out, execute, discharge Each part of the engine performs a different function.
3. present, act (out), stage, play, produce, represent, put on, render, depict, enact, appear as students performing Shakespeare's Macbeth
4. appear on stage, act He began performing in the early fifties.
5. function, go, work, run, operate, handle, respond, behave This car performs well.

perform

verb
1. To begin and carry through to completion:
Informal: pull off.
2. To react in a specified way:
3. To carry out the functions, requirements, or terms of:
Idiom: live up to.
4. To play the part of:
5. To produce on the stage:
6. To make music:
Translations
يُؤَدِّييُمَثِّليُنْجِز، يُؤَدّي
provésthrát
udførefremførespille
esittääsuorittaa
izvršavati
flytja, leika, sÿnaframkvæma
行う
수행하다
dainuotigrotipasiekimairezultatai
atskaņotizpildītuzstātiesuzvestveikt
izvajatiizvestiodrezati se
uppträda
ทำ
thực hiện

perform

[pəˈfɔːm]
A. VT
1. (Theat, Mus) [+ play] → representar; [+ part, piece, song, dance] → interpretar
it meant a lot to her to have her music performed heresignificó mucho para ella el que interpretaran su música aquí
she will perform a series of sonatas by Mozartinterpretará or ejecutará varias sonatas de Mozart
2. (= carry out) [+ task, experiment, feat] → realizar, llevar a cabo; [+ operation, autopsy] → practicar, realizar, llevar a cabo; [+ duty] → cumplir con; [+ function, role] → desempeñar, cumplir; [+ rite, ritual, ceremony] → celebrar; [+ miracle] → realizar, hacer
they performed a great service to their countryprestaron un gran servicio a su país
to perform surgery or an operation on sboperar a algn, practicar una operación quirúrgica a algn (frm)
B. VI
1. (Theat, Mus) [entertainer, actor] → actuar; [musician] → tocar; [orchestra, pop group] → actuar, tocar; [singer] → cantar; [dancer] → bailar; [trained animal] → hacer trucos, realizar trucos
he performed brilliantly as Hamletinterpretó brillantemente el papel de Hamlet, se lució en el papel de Hamlet
the band will be performing liveel grupo actuará or tocará en concierto
and performing for us tonight on the violin is Rebecca Hunty esta noche Rebecca Hunt nos tocará el violín
2. (= respond, behave) [vehicle, machine] → responder, funcionar; [team, athlete, horse] → responder; [investment, shares] → rendir; [metal, material] → comportarse; [worker] (= be productive) → rendir; (= react) → responder
how did the company perform last year?¿qué resultados dio la empresa el año pasado?
the party performed abysmally at the last electionel partido obtuvo unos resultados pésimos en las últimas elecciones
he performed well at schoolrendía en los estudios
he did not perform very well in his examsno obtuvo muy buenos resultados en los exámenes, los exámenes no le salieron muy bien
our economy has been performing well recentlyúltimamente, nuestra economía ha estado produciendo buenos resultados
3. (= go to toilet) [child, dog] → hacer sus menesteres
4. (sexually) → cumplir

perform

[pərˈfɔːrm]
vt
(= carry out) [+ task] → effectuer; [action] → accomplir
About 200 heart operations a year are performed at the hospital → Environ 200 opérations cardiaques sont effectuées chaque année à l'hôpital.
people who have performed outstanding acts of bravery → des gens qui ont accompli de remarquables actes de bravoure
to perform miracles (fig)accomplir des miracles
[+ play, piece of music] → interpréter; [+ dance] → exécuter
He performed a traditional Scottish dance → Il a exécuté une danse traditionnelle écossaise.
This play was first performed in 411 BC → Cette pièce a été interprétée pour la première fois en 411 av. J. -C.
vi
(= acquit oneself) [person, team, organization] → se comporter
to perform well → bien se comporter
Although she had never been interviewed on TV before, she performed well → Bien qu'elle n'ait jamais été interviewée à la télé auparavant, elle s'est bien comportée.
England performed well against France at Wembley → L'Angleterre s'est bien comportée face à la France à Wembley.
The tables give a picture of how schools are performing → Les tableaux donnent un panorama des performances des écoles.
He had not performed well in his exams → Il n'avait pas bien réussi ses examens.
[car, machine] → se comporter
How well does this car perform in snow and ice? → Comment cette voiture se comporte-t-elle sur la neige et la glace?
[musician, actor, entertainer] → se produire
He was the first blues musician to perform there → Il a été le premier musicien de blues à se produire ici.

perform

vt play, concertoaufführen; solo, duetvortragen; partspielen; trickvorführen; miraclevollbringen; taskverrichten, erfüllen; duty, functionerfüllen; operationdurchführen; ritual, ceremonyvollziehen
vi
(= appear: orchestra, circus act etc) → auftreten; to perform on the violinGeige spielen
(car, machine, football team etc)leisten; (examination candidate etc)abschneiden; the 2 litre version performs betterdie Zweiliterversion leistet mehr; the car performed excellently in the speed trialsin den Geschwindigkeitsversuchen brachte der Wagen ausgezeichnete Ergebnisse; the choir performed very wellder Chor war sehr gut or hat sehr gut gesungen; this car performs best between 50 and 60 kmphdieser Wagen bringt seine optimale Leistung zwischen 50 und 60 Stundenkilometern; how did he perform? (actor, musician)wie war er?; how did the car perform?wie ist der Wagen gelaufen?; he performed brilliantly as Hamleter spielte die Rolle des Hamlet brillant; how does the metal perform under pressure?wie verhält sich das Metall unter Druck?; the shares are performing stronglydie Aktien steigen stark; he couldn’t perform (euph, sexually) → er konnte nicht
(euph: = excrete) → sein Geschäft verrichten

perform

[pəˈfɔːm]
1. vt
a. (function, task) → svolgere, eseguire; (duty) → adempiere a; (miracles, experiments) → fare, compiere; (ceremony) → celebrare
to perform an operation (Med) → operare
b. (play, ballet, opera) → rappresentare; (duet, symphony) → eseguire, suonare; (acrobatics) → fare
2. vi
a. (theatre company) → dare una rappresentazione; (person) → esibirsi
b. (vehicle, machine, also) (fig) (student) → comportarsi
if you want a car that performs really well ... → se volete una macchina che dia ottime prestazioni...

perform

(pəˈfoːm) verb
1. to do, especially with care or as a duty. The doctor performed the operation.
2. to act (in the theatre etc) or do anything musical, theatrical etc to entertain an audience. The company will perform a Greek play; She performed on the violin.
perˈformance noun
1. the doing of something. He is very conscientious in the performance of his duties.
2. the way in which something or someone performs. His performance in the exams was not very good.
3. something done on stage etc. The company gave a performance of `Othello'; His last three performances have not been very good.
perˈformer noun
a person who performs, especially theatrically or musically.

perform

يُؤَدِّي provést udføre durchführen πραγματοποιώ actuar suorittaa réaliser izvršavati eseguire 行う 수행하다 uitvoeren gjennomføre wykonać realizar выполнять uppträda ทำ yapmak thực hiện 执行

perform

v. llevar a cabo, realizar, hacer;
to ___ an operationoperar, intervenir quirúrgicamente.
References in classic literature ?
Beyond this flood a frozen Continent Lies dark and wilde, beat with perpetual storms Of Whirlwind and dire Hail, which on firm land Thaws not, but gathers heap, and ruin seems Of ancient pile; all else deep snow and ice, A gulf profound as that SERBONIAN Bog Betwixt DAMIATA and mount CASIUS old, Where Armies whole have sunk: the parching Air Burns frore, and cold performs th' effect of Fire.
For he that does good, having the unlimited power to do evil, deserves praise not only for the good which he performs, but for the evil which he forbears.
Whoever performs his part with most agility, and holds out the longest in leaping and creeping, is rewarded with the blue-coloured silk; the red is given to the next, and the green to the third, which they all wear girt twice round about the middle; and you see few great persons about this court who are not adorned with one of these girdles.
This one, the diameter of which is nineteen feet, and the thread twenty-three feet, performs about 120 revolutions in a second.
And taking the lighted torch from the hands of the herdsman, he preceded his guests, not as a servant who performs an act of civility, but like a king who precedes ambassadors.
Your friend performs delightfully," he continued after a pause, on seeing Bingley join the group; "and I doubt not that you are an adept in the science yourself, Mr.
And very justly, George," said the soft voice of Charlotte, "such applause as mine can be but of little moment to one who performs such acts as yours.
Nor was she the passionate young lady, who performs so tragically on a summer's evening with the window open.
Miss Volumnia rising with a look candlestick-wards, Sir Leicester politely performs the grand tour of the drawing-room, brings one, and lights it at my Lady's shaded lamp.
The Moor goes to his mosque about noon on his Sabbath, as on any other day, removes his shoes at the door, performs his ablutions, makes his salaams, pressing his forehead to the pavement time and again, says his prayers, and goes back to his work.
Man performs actions because they are good for him, and when they are good for other people as well they are thought virtuous: if he finds pleasure in giving alms he is charitable; if he finds pleasure in helping others he is benevolent; if he finds pleasure in working for society he is public-spirited; but it is for your private pleasure that you give twopence to a beggar as much as it is for my private pleasure that I drink another whiskey and soda.
With a glow of admiration I watched Holmes unrolling his case of instruments and choosing his tool with the calm, scientific accuracy of a surgeon who performs a delicate operation.