perfume


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per·fume

 (pûr′fyo͞om′, pər-fyo͞om′)
n.
1. A substance that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor, especially a volatile liquid distilled from flowers or prepared synthetically.
2. A pleasing, agreeable scent or odor. See Synonyms at fragrance.
tr.v. (pər-fyo͞om′) per·fumed, per·fum·ing, per·fumes
To fill or permeate with fragrance; impart a pleasant odor to.

[French parfum, from Old Italian parfumo, from parfumare, to fill with smoke : par-, intensive pref. (from Latin per-, per-) + fumare, to smoke (from Latin fūmāre, from fūmus, smoke).]

perfume

n
1. (Clothing & Fashion) a mixture of alcohol and fragrant essential oils extracted from flowers, spices, etc, or made synthetically, used esp to impart a pleasant long-lasting scent to the body, stationery, etc. See also cologne, toilet water
2. a scent or odour, esp a fragrant one
vb
(tr) to impart a perfume to
[C16: from French parfum, probably from Old Provençal perfum, from perfumar to make scented, from per through (from Latin) + fumar to smoke, from Latin fumāre to smoke]

per•fume

(n. ˈpɜr fyum, pərˈfyum; v. pərˈfyum, ˈpɜr fyum)

n., v. -fumed, -fum•ing. n.
1. a substance that diffuses or imparts an agreeable or attractive smell, esp. a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils.
2. the scent, odor, or volatile particles emitted by substances that smell agreeable.
v.t.
3. (of substances, flowers, etc.) to impart a pleasant fragrance to.
4. to permeate with a sweet odor; scent.
[1525–35; earlier parfume (n.) < Middle French parfum, n. derivative of parfumer (v.) < obsolete Italian parfumare (modern profumare). See per-, fume]
per′fume•less, adj.
per′fum•y, adj.
syn: perfume, fragrance, aroma all refer to agreeable odors. perfume often indicates a strong, rich smell: the perfume of flowers. fragrance is usu. applied to a sweet, delicate, and fresh smell, esp. from growing things: the fragrance of new-mown hay. aroma is usu. restricted to a distinctive, pervasive, somewhat spicy smell: the aroma of coffee.

perfume

  • silence - Lack of flavor in a distilled spirit or lack of scent in a flower, perfume, or spice is a "silence."
  • perfume, eau de toilette, cologne, eau de cologne - Perfume or parfum is 20–40% oil and the highest concentration; eau de toilette is 10–18% oil, and cologne or eau de cologne is 3–9% oil.
  • attar - A flower's essence, used for perfume.
  • toilet water, eau de toilette - Eau de toilette, or toilet water, is a dilute form of perfume.

perfume


Past participle: perfumed
Gerund: perfuming

Imperative
perfume
perfume
Present
I perfume
you perfume
he/she/it perfumes
we perfume
you perfume
they perfume
Preterite
I perfumed
you perfumed
he/she/it perfumed
we perfumed
you perfumed
they perfumed
Present Continuous
I am perfuming
you are perfuming
he/she/it is perfuming
we are perfuming
you are perfuming
they are perfuming
Present Perfect
I have perfumed
you have perfumed
he/she/it has perfumed
we have perfumed
you have perfumed
they have perfumed
Past Continuous
I was perfuming
you were perfuming
he/she/it was perfuming
we were perfuming
you were perfuming
they were perfuming
Past Perfect
I had perfumed
you had perfumed
he/she/it had perfumed
we had perfumed
you had perfumed
they had perfumed
Future
I will perfume
you will perfume
he/she/it will perfume
we will perfume
you will perfume
they will perfume
Future Perfect
I will have perfumed
you will have perfumed
he/she/it will have perfumed
we will have perfumed
you will have perfumed
they will have perfumed
Future Continuous
I will be perfuming
you will be perfuming
he/she/it will be perfuming
we will be perfuming
you will be perfuming
they will be perfuming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been perfuming
you have been perfuming
he/she/it has been perfuming
we have been perfuming
you have been perfuming
they have been perfuming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been perfuming
you will have been perfuming
he/she/it will have been perfuming
we will have been perfuming
you will have been perfuming
they will have been perfuming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been perfuming
you had been perfuming
he/she/it had been perfuming
we had been perfuming
you had been perfuming
they had been perfuming
Conditional
I would perfume
you would perfume
he/she/it would perfume
we would perfume
you would perfume
they would perfume
Past Conditional
I would have perfumed
you would have perfumed
he/she/it would have perfumed
we would have perfumed
you would have perfumed
they would have perfumed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.perfume - a distinctive odor that is pleasantperfume - a distinctive odor that is pleasant
odour, olfactory perception, olfactory sensation, smell, odor - the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form; "she loved the smell of roses"
incense - the pleasing scent produced when incense is burned; "incense filled the room"
2.perfume - a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odorperfume - a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor
cologne water, eau de cologne, cologne - a perfumed liquid made of essential oils and alcohol
pachouli, patchouli, patchouly - a heavy perfume made from the patchouli plant
perfumery - perfumes in general
potpourri - a jar of mixed flower petals and spices used as perfume
rose water - perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
toilet articles, toiletry - artifacts used in making your toilet (washing and taking care of your body)
eau de toilette, toilet water - a perfumed liquid lighter than cologne
Verb1.perfume - fill or impregnate with an odorperfume - fill or impregnate with an odor; "orange blossoms perfumed the air in the garden"
odorize, odourise, scent - cause to smell or be smelly
2.perfume - apply perfume toperfume - apply perfume to; "She perfumes herself every day"
neaten, groom - care for one's external appearance; "He is always well-groomed"

perfume

noun
1. fragrance, scent, essence, incense, cologne, eau de toilette, eau de cologne, attar The room smelled of her mother's perfume.
2. scent, smell, fragrance, bouquet, aroma, odour, sweetness, niff (Brit. slang), redolence, balminess the perfume of roses

perfume

noun
A sweet or pleasant odor:
verb
To fill with a pleasant odor:
Translations
طيبعِطْرعِطْرٌيُطَيِّبيُعَطِّر
voňavkaparfémprovonětvůněnavonět
parfumeparfumereperfumeduftfå til at dufte
hajuvesiparfyymituoksuhajuste
parfem
beparfümözparfüm
ilmurilmvatnsetja ilmvatn áfylla af ilmi/angan
香水
향수
kvepalaikvepintiparfumerijos parduotuvėprikvepintipripildyti kvapo
iesmaržinātsmaržasmaržassmaržinātsmaržot, pildīt ar smaržu
naplniť vôňounavoňať
parfumvonj
parfym
น้ำหอม
parfümparfüm sürmekgüzel kokugüzel kokutmak
nước hoa

perfume

[ˈpɜːfjuːm]
A. Nperfume m
B. VT [pəˈfjuːm]perfumar

perfume

[ˈpɜːrfjuːm]
n
(manufactured)parfum m
(= pleasant smell) → parfum m
[pərˈfjuːm] vtparfumer

perfume

n (= substance)Parfüm nt; (= smell)Duft m
vtparfümieren; the flowers perfumed the airder Duft der Blumen erfüllte die Luft

perfume

[n ˈpɜːfjuːm; vb pəˈfjuːm]
1. nprofumo
2. vtprofumare

perfume

(ˈpəːfjuːm) noun
1. a sweet smell or fragrance. the perfume of roses.
2. a liquid, cream etc which has a sweet smell when put on the skin, hair, clothes etc. She loves French perfume(s).
(pəˈfjuːm) verb
1. to put perfume on or in. She perfumed her hair.
2. to give a sweet smell to. Flowers perfumed the air.
perˈfumery (-ˈfjuː-) plural perˈfumeries noun
a shop where perfume is sold or a factory where it is made.

perfume

عِطْرٌ parfém parfume Parfüm άρωμα perfume hajuvesi parfum parfem profumo 香水 향수 parfum parfyme perfumy perfume духи parfym น้ำหอม parfüm nước hoa 香水

perfume

n perfume m
References in classic literature ?
Davis, feeling that any man possessing a human heart would relent when that delicious perfume met his nose.
They were all generous, these travelling men; they gave Tiny Soderball handkerchiefs and gloves and ribbons and striped stockings, and so many bottles of perfume and cakes of scented soap that she bestowed some of them on Lena.
There were strange, rare odors abroad-- a tangle of the sea smell and of weeds and damp, new-plowed earth, mingled with the heavy perfume of a field of white blossoms somewhere near.
She impregnated it, too, not with a wild-flower scent, --for wildness was no trait of hers,--but with the perfume of garden-roses, pinks, and other blossoms of much sweetness, which nature and man have consented together in making grow from summer to summer, and from century to century.
Stubb was beginning to look disappointed, especially as the horrible nosegay increased, when suddenly from out the very heart of this plague, there stole a faint stream of perfume, which flowed through the tide of bad smells without being absorbed by it, as one river will flow into and then along with another, without at all blending with it for a time.
Whenever the cars stopped a warm breeze blew upon him, a breeze laden with the perfume of fresh fields, of honeysuckle and clover.
Then, too, he was in a beautiful place, a consideration to which his sensitive race was never indifferent; and he did enjoy with a quiet joy the birds, the flowers, the fountains, the perfume, and light and beauty of the court, the silken hangings, and pictures, and lustres, and statuettes, and gilding, that made the parlors within a kind of Aladdin's palace to him.
The African hunter Cumming tells us that the skin of the eland, as well as that of most other antelopes just killed, emits the most delicious perfume of trees and grass.
but that must be what it means in the hymn we sang, when it talked about the sweet perfume that rises with every morning sacrifice.
No,--I exaggerate; I never thought there was any consecrating virtue about her: it was rather a sort of pastille perfume she had left; a scent of musk and amber, than an odour of sanctity.
The perfume of dried rose-leaves hung fra grant on the cool air.
As I laid down my pen, a moment since, to think of it, the air from the sea came blowing in again, mixed with the perfume of the flowers; and I saw the old-fashioned furniture brightly rubbed and polished, my aunt's inviolable chair and table by the round green fan in the bow-window, the drugget-covered carpet, the cat, the kettle-holder, the two canaries, the old china, the punchbowl full of dried rose-leaves, the tall press guarding all sorts of bottles and pots, and, wonderfully out of keeping with the rest, my dusty self upon the sofa, taking note of everything.