perfume

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per·fume

 (pûr′fyo͞om′, pər-fyo͞om′)
n.
1. A substance that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor, especially a volatile liquid distilled from flowers or prepared synthetically.
2. A pleasing, agreeable scent or odor. See Synonyms at fragrance.
tr.v. (pər-fyo͞om′) per·fumed, per·fum·ing, per·fumes
To fill or permeate with fragrance; impart a pleasant odor to.

[French parfum, from Old Italian parfumo, from parfumare, to fill with smoke : par-, intensive pref. (from Latin per-, per-) + fumare, to smoke (from Latin fūmāre, from fūmus, smoke).]

perfume

n
1. (Clothing & Fashion) a mixture of alcohol and fragrant essential oils extracted from flowers, spices, etc, or made synthetically, used esp to impart a pleasant long-lasting scent to the body, stationery, etc. See also cologne, toilet water
2. a scent or odour, esp a fragrant one
vb
(tr) to impart a perfume to
[C16: from French parfum, probably from Old Provençal perfum, from perfumar to make scented, from per through (from Latin) + fumar to smoke, from Latin fumāre to smoke]

per•fume

(n. ˈpɜr fyum, pərˈfyum; v. pərˈfyum, ˈpɜr fyum)

n., v. -fumed, -fum•ing. n.
1. a substance that diffuses or imparts an agreeable or attractive smell, esp. a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils.
2. the scent, odor, or volatile particles emitted by substances that smell agreeable.
v.t.
3. (of substances, flowers, etc.) to impart a pleasant fragrance to.
4. to permeate with a sweet odor; scent.
[1525–35; earlier parfume (n.) < Middle French parfum, n. derivative of parfumer (v.) < obsolete Italian parfumare (modern profumare). See per-, fume]
per′fume•less, adj.
per′fum•y, adj.
syn: perfume, fragrance, aroma all refer to agreeable odors. perfume often indicates a strong, rich smell: the perfume of flowers. fragrance is usu. applied to a sweet, delicate, and fresh smell, esp. from growing things: the fragrance of new-mown hay. aroma is usu. restricted to a distinctive, pervasive, somewhat spicy smell: the aroma of coffee.

perfume

  • silence - Lack of flavor in a distilled spirit or lack of scent in a flower, perfume, or spice is a "silence."
  • perfume, eau de toilette, cologne, eau de cologne - Perfume or parfum is 20–40% oil and the highest concentration; eau de toilette is 10–18% oil, and cologne or eau de cologne is 3–9% oil.
  • attar - A flower's essence, used for perfume.
  • toilet water, eau de toilette - Eau de toilette, or toilet water, is a dilute form of perfume.

perfume


Past participle: perfumed
Gerund: perfuming

Imperative
perfume
perfume
Present
I perfume
you perfume
he/she/it perfumes
we perfume
you perfume
they perfume
Preterite
I perfumed
you perfumed
he/she/it perfumed
we perfumed
you perfumed
they perfumed
Present Continuous
I am perfuming
you are perfuming
he/she/it is perfuming
we are perfuming
you are perfuming
they are perfuming
Present Perfect
I have perfumed
you have perfumed
he/she/it has perfumed
we have perfumed
you have perfumed
they have perfumed
Past Continuous
I was perfuming
you were perfuming
he/she/it was perfuming
we were perfuming
you were perfuming
they were perfuming
Past Perfect
I had perfumed
you had perfumed
he/she/it had perfumed
we had perfumed
you had perfumed
they had perfumed
Future
I will perfume
you will perfume
he/she/it will perfume
we will perfume
you will perfume
they will perfume
Future Perfect
I will have perfumed
you will have perfumed
he/she/it will have perfumed
we will have perfumed
you will have perfumed
they will have perfumed
Future Continuous
I will be perfuming
you will be perfuming
he/she/it will be perfuming
we will be perfuming
you will be perfuming
they will be perfuming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been perfuming
you have been perfuming
he/she/it has been perfuming
we have been perfuming
you have been perfuming
they have been perfuming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been perfuming
you will have been perfuming
he/she/it will have been perfuming
we will have been perfuming
you will have been perfuming
they will have been perfuming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been perfuming
you had been perfuming
he/she/it had been perfuming
we had been perfuming
you had been perfuming
they had been perfuming
Conditional
I would perfume
you would perfume
he/she/it would perfume
we would perfume
you would perfume
they would perfume
Past Conditional
I would have perfumed
you would have perfumed
he/she/it would have perfumed
we would have perfumed
you would have perfumed
they would have perfumed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.perfume - a distinctive odor that is pleasantperfume - a distinctive odor that is pleasant
odour, olfactory perception, olfactory sensation, smell, odor - the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form; "she loved the smell of roses"
incense - the pleasing scent produced when incense is burned; "incense filled the room"
2.perfume - a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odorperfume - a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor
cologne water, eau de cologne, cologne - a perfumed liquid made of essential oils and alcohol
pachouli, patchouli, patchouly - a heavy perfume made from the patchouli plant
perfumery - perfumes in general
potpourri - a jar of mixed flower petals and spices used as perfume
rose water - perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
toilet articles, toiletry - artifacts used in making your toilet (washing and taking care of your body)
eau de toilette, toilet water - a perfumed liquid lighter than cologne
Verb1.perfume - fill or impregnate with an odorperfume - fill or impregnate with an odor; "orange blossoms perfumed the air in the garden"
odorize, odourise, scent - cause to smell or be smelly
2.perfume - apply perfume toperfume - apply perfume to; "She perfumes herself every day"
neaten, groom - care for one's external appearance; "He is always well-groomed"

perfume

noun
1. fragrance, scent, essence, incense, cologne, eau de toilette, eau de cologne, attar The room smelled of her mother's perfume.
2. scent, smell, fragrance, bouquet, aroma, odour, sweetness, niff (Brit. slang), redolence, balminess the perfume of roses

perfume

noun
A sweet or pleasant odor:
verb
To fill with a pleasant odor:
Translations
طيبعِطْرعِطْرٌيُطَيِّبيُعَطِّر
voňavkaparfémprovonětvůněnavonět
parfumeparfumereperfumeduftfå til at dufte
hajuvesiparfyymituoksuhajuste
parfem
beparfümözparfüm
ilmurilmvatnsetja ilmvatn áfylla af ilmi/angan
香水
향수
kvepalaikvepintiparfumerijos parduotuvėprikvepintipripildyti kvapo
iesmaržinātsmaržasmaržassmaržinātsmaržot, pildīt ar smaržu
naplniť vôňounavoňať
parfumvonj
parfym
น้ำหอม
parfümparfüm sürmekgüzel kokugüzel kokutmak
nước hoa

perfume

[ˈpɜːfjuːm]
A. Nperfume m
B. VT [pəˈfjuːm]perfumar

perfume

[ˈpɜːrfjuːm]
n
(manufactured)parfum m
(= pleasant smell) → parfum m
[pərˈfjuːm] vtparfumer

perfume

n (= substance)Parfüm nt; (= smell)Duft m
vtparfümieren; the flowers perfumed the airder Duft der Blumen erfüllte die Luft

perfume

[n ˈpɜːfjuːm; vb pəˈfjuːm]
1. nprofumo
2. vtprofumare

perfume

(ˈpəːfjuːm) noun
1. a sweet smell or fragrance. the perfume of roses.
2. a liquid, cream etc which has a sweet smell when put on the skin, hair, clothes etc. She loves French perfume(s).
(pəˈfjuːm) verb
1. to put perfume on or in. She perfumed her hair.
2. to give a sweet smell to. Flowers perfumed the air.
perˈfumery (-ˈfjuː-) plural perˈfumeries noun
a shop where perfume is sold or a factory where it is made.

perfume

عِطْرٌ parfém parfume Parfüm άρωμα perfume hajuvesi parfum parfem profumo 香水 향수 parfum parfyme perfumy perfume духи parfym น้ำหอม parfüm nước hoa 香水

perfume

n perfume m
References in classic literature ?
All the mystery and witchery of the night seemed to have gathered there amid the perfumes and the dusky and tortuous outlines of flowers and foliage.
The luxurious tranquillity of the scene; the cool fragrance of flowers and perfumes in the atmosphere; the rapt attitude of Magdalen, absorbed over her reading; the monotonous regularity of movement in the maid's hand and arm, as she drew the comb smoothly through and through her mistress's hair -- all conveyed the same soothing impression of drowsy, delicious quiet.
What strange perfumes seemed to waft across from it, perfumes laden with associations of a world so different from the green world where it now was, a charming world of gay intrigue and wanton pleasure.
And higher then that Wall a circling row Of goodliest Trees loaden with fairest Fruit, Blossoms and Fruits at once of golden hue Appeerd, with gay enameld colours mixt: On which the Sun more glad impress'd his beams Then in fair Evening Cloud, or humid Bow, When God hath showrd the earth; so lovely seemd That Lantskip: And of pure now purer aire Meets his approach, and to the heart inspires Vernal delight and joy, able to drive All sadness but despair: now gentle gales Fanning thir odoriferous wings dispense Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole Those balmie spoiles.
And, after all, I found their natural smell was much more supportable, than when they used perfumes, under which I immediately swooned away.
And so he would now study perfumes and the secrets of their manufacture, distilling heavily scented oils and burning odorous gums from the East.
Observe too, Sancho, that these traitors were not content with changing and transforming my Dulcinea, but they transformed and changed her into a shape as mean and ill-favoured as that of the village girl yonder; and at the same time they robbed her of that which is such a peculiar property of ladies of distinction, that is to say, the sweet fragrance that comes of being always among perfumes and flowers.
Without using perfumes, the chevalier exhaled a certain fragrance of youth, that refreshed the atmosphere.
There he saw dazzling camellias expanding themselves, with flowers which were giving forth their last colours and perfumes, not on bushes, but on trees, and within bamboo enclosures, cherry, plum, and apple trees, which the Japanese cultivate rather for their blossoms than their fruit, and which queerly-fashioned, grinning scarecrows protected from the sparrows, pigeons, ravens, and other voracious birds.
The clerks, who, as it appeared, had smelled unusual perfumes in the house, were of military punctuality, and held their stools in hand quite ready to sit down.
He descended, or rather seemed to descend, several steps, inhaling the fresh and balmy air, like that which may be supposed to reign around the grotto of Circe, formed from such perfumes as set the mind a dreaming, and such fires as burn the very senses; and he saw again all he had seen before his sleep, from Sinbad, his singular host, to Ali, the mute attendant; then all seemed to fade away and become confused before his eyes, like the last shadows of the magic lantern before it is extinguished, and he was again in the chamber of statues, lighted only by one of those pale and antique lamps which watch in the dead of the night over the sleep of pleasure.
Then, amid a burst of wild, sweet music, the Frost-King placed the Flower crown on his head, and knelt to little Violet; while far and near, over the broad green earth, sounded the voices of flowers, singing their thanks to the gentle Fairy, and the summer wind was laden with perfumes, which they sent as tokens of their gratitude; and wherever she went, old trees bent down to fold their slender branches round her, flowers laid their soft faces against her own, and whispered blessings; even the humble moss bent over the little feet, and kissed them as they passed.