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Related to pericarp: exocarp, endocarp, mesocarp


Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.


1. (Botany) the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. (Biology) a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi
[C18: via French from New Latin pericarpium]
ˌperiˈcarpial, ˌperiˈcarpic adj


(ˈpɛr ɪˌkɑrp)

the walls of a ripened ovary or fruit, sometimes consisting of three layers, the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
[1750–60; < New Latin pericarpium < Greek perikárpion pod. See peri-, -carp]
per`i•car′pi•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovarypericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
seed - a mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat or testa
epicarp, exocarp - outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
mesocarp - the middle layer of a pericarp
endocarp, pit, stone - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
capsule - a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses
bur, burr - seed vessel having hooks or prickles
References in periodicals archive ?
With the assistance of a pocketknife, an incision was performed on half of these chestnuts and the pericarp was removed from the thinnest layer; the other half remained intact.
The evaluation of the total energetic potential of the Tung was determined through the measurement of the heat power of the crushed seeds, pericarp, oil, residual pie, seed coat and Tung biodiesel.
On the outer layer are the eight weapons of the deity, the second retinue comprises the twelve names of Visnu, and the innermost layer comprises a lotus of eight petals on which are established the anga mantras of Visnu, including an extra pingalastra with the hrdayamantra, usually the first in the series, transposed to the pericarp of the lotus and identified with Visnu himself.
Effects of proanthocyanidins, dehulling and removal of pericarp on digestion of barley grain by ruminal micro-organisms.
The maturation phase begins when the fruit is fully developed and the pericarp begins to change from green to red, until the entire fruit is red (WEI et al.
The feeding value of the sorghum has been affected by its tannin content present in the pericarp of the grain (Selle et al.
Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic study of 2-chlorophenol adsorption onto Ricinus communis pericarp activated carbon from aqueous solutions.
This study evaluated the influence of Fe and Zn on anti-oxidative capacity in different grain tissue layers of 4 off-white pericarp color genotypes in comparison with a black pericarp color genotypes.
Inhibitory action of intestinal absorption of glucose of the pericarp of roma (Punica grantum L.