In conclusion the data suggested stress had a direct relationship towards the development of periodontal disease
A literature search was performed to identify cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies addressing different aspects of periodontal disease
and clinical outcomes of PTB/PLBW.
Pocket depths are critical indicators of periodontal disease
, measuring the space between a tooth and surrounding gum tissue.
Critical pathway model (Figure 3): In 1990 advances has led to the understanding the cellular and molecular interaction which resulted in periodontal disease
progression, where understanding regarding these elements had led to critical pathway of pathogenesis by Offenbacher in 1996.
Those who consumed sugary foods like cakes, cookies, ice cream, chocolate candy, and soft drinks most often (at least five times a week) had a 73 percent higher risk of having periodontal disease
in at least two teeth than those who never ate those foods.
19) Several studies have reported that periodontal disease
pathogens and inflammatory markers are common between cardiovascular disease and periodontal disease
Studies by Amar and colleagues in 2013 address the relationship of periodontal disease
to obesity in terms of various host immunological respons-es.
Left unchecked, plaque can harden, inflame your gum line and cause gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease
Similarly to the PST test, PerioPredict assesses variations in the genes for Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a key mediator of inflammation, and detects people who are at a higher risk for more severe periodontal disease
by using a simple cheek swab.
Current evidence regarding the biologic link between diabetes and periodontal disease
supports diabetes and persisting hyperglycemia leading to an exaggerated immuno-inflammatory response to the periodontal pathogenic bacterial challenge, resulting in more rapid and severe periodontal tissue destruction.
the canine patient's upper lip is lifted and the appearance of the gingiva is evaluated to assess the risk for underlying periodontal disease
Kenneth Kornman, DDS, PhD, Editor of the Journal of Periodontology, states, "Inflammation is a major risk factor for heart disease, and periodontal disease
may increase the inflammation level throughout the body.