persecute


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per·se·cute

 (pûr′sĭ-kyo͞ot′)
tr.v. per·se·cut·ed, per·se·cut·ing, per·se·cutes
1. To oppress or harass with ill-treatment, especially because of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs.
2. To annoy persistently; bother: persecuted the babysitter with foolish questions.

[Middle English, from Old French persecuter, back-formation from persecuteur, persecutor, from Late Latin persecūtor, from persecūtus, past participle of persequī, to persecute, from Latin, to pursue : per-, per- + sequī, to follow; see sekw- in Indo-European roots.]

per′se·cu·tee′ (-kyo͞o-tē′) n.
per′se·cu′tive, per′se·cu·to′ry (-kyo͝o-tôr′ē, -kyo͞o′tə-rē) adj.
per′se·cu′tor n.

persecute

(ˈpɜːsɪˌkjuːt)
vb (tr)
1. to oppress, harass, or maltreat, esp because of race, religion, etc
2. to bother persistently
[C15: from Old French persecuter, back formation from persecuteur, from Late Latin persecūtor pursuer, from persequī to take vengeance upon]
ˈperseˌcutive adj
ˈperseˌcutor n

per•se•cute

(ˈpɜr sɪˌkyut)

v.t. -cut•ed, -cut•ing.
1. to subject to harassing or cruel treatment, as because of religion, race, or beliefs; oppress.
2. to annoy or trouble persistently.
[1400–50; back formation from persecutour persecutor (< Anglo-French) < Late Latin persecūtor orig. prosecutor = Latin persecū-, variant s. of persequī to prosecute, pursue closely (see per-, sequence) + -tor -tor]
per′se•cu`tive, adj.
per′se•cu`tor, n.
per′se•cu`to•ry (-ˌkyu tə ri, -kyəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i) adj.

persecute

prosecute
1. 'persecute'

To persecute someone means to continually treat them badly and make them suffer, for example because of their political or religious beliefs.

Members of these sects are ruthlessly persecuted.
They claim that nobody is persecuted for religious belief.
2. 'prosecute'

To prosecute someone means to accuse them of a crime and bring criminal charges against them.

He was prosecuted for drunken driving.
Trespassers will be prosecuted.

persecute


Past participle: persecuted
Gerund: persecuting

Imperative
persecute
persecute
Present
I persecute
you persecute
he/she/it persecutes
we persecute
you persecute
they persecute
Preterite
I persecuted
you persecuted
he/she/it persecuted
we persecuted
you persecuted
they persecuted
Present Continuous
I am persecuting
you are persecuting
he/she/it is persecuting
we are persecuting
you are persecuting
they are persecuting
Present Perfect
I have persecuted
you have persecuted
he/she/it has persecuted
we have persecuted
you have persecuted
they have persecuted
Past Continuous
I was persecuting
you were persecuting
he/she/it was persecuting
we were persecuting
you were persecuting
they were persecuting
Past Perfect
I had persecuted
you had persecuted
he/she/it had persecuted
we had persecuted
you had persecuted
they had persecuted
Future
I will persecute
you will persecute
he/she/it will persecute
we will persecute
you will persecute
they will persecute
Future Perfect
I will have persecuted
you will have persecuted
he/she/it will have persecuted
we will have persecuted
you will have persecuted
they will have persecuted
Future Continuous
I will be persecuting
you will be persecuting
he/she/it will be persecuting
we will be persecuting
you will be persecuting
they will be persecuting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been persecuting
you have been persecuting
he/she/it has been persecuting
we have been persecuting
you have been persecuting
they have been persecuting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been persecuting
you will have been persecuting
he/she/it will have been persecuting
we will have been persecuting
you will have been persecuting
they will have been persecuting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been persecuting
you had been persecuting
he/she/it had been persecuting
we had been persecuting
you had been persecuting
they had been persecuting
Conditional
I would persecute
you would persecute
he/she/it would persecute
we would persecute
you would persecute
they would persecute
Past Conditional
I would have persecuted
you would have persecuted
he/she/it would have persecuted
we would have persecuted
you would have persecuted
they would have persecuted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.persecute - cause to suffer; "Jews were persecuted in the former Soviet Union"
bedevil, dun, rag, torment, frustrate, crucify - treat cruelly; "The children tormented the stuttering teacher"
purge - oust politically; "Deng Xiao Ping was purged several times throughout his lifetime"

persecute

verb
2. harass, bother, annoy, bait, tease, worry, hassle (informal), badger, pester, vex, be on your back (slang) He described his first wife as constantly persecuting him.
harass let alone, leave alone

persecute

verb
To do a wrong to; treat unjustly:
Translations
يَضْطَهِدُيَضْطَهِد، يُعَذِّب
pronásledovat
forfølgeretsforfølge
vainota
progoniti
ofsækja
迫害する
박해하다
persekiotojas
vajāt
preganjati
förfölja
จับมาลงโทษ
baskı yapmakeziyet etmekzulmetmek
ngược đãi

persecute

[ˈpɜːsɪkjuːt] VTperseguir; (= harass) → acosar
they were persecuted under the Nazissufrieron persecución bajo los nazis
to persecute sb with questionsacosar a algn con preguntas

persecute

[ˈpɜːrsɪkjuːt] vtpersécuter
to be persecuted → être persécuté

persecute

vtverfolgen

persecute

[ˈpɜːsɪkjuːt] vtperseguitare

persecute

(ˈpəːsikjuːt) verb
to make (someone) suffer, especially because of their opinions or beliefs. They were persecuted for their religion.
ˌperseˈcution noun
ˈpersecutor noun

persecute

يَضْطَهِدُ pronásledovat retsforfølge verfolgen διώκω perseguir vainota persécuter progoniti perseguitare 迫害する 박해하다 vervolgen forfølge prześladować perseguir преследовать förfölja จับมาลงโทษ baskı yapmak ngược đãi 迫害
References in classic literature ?
On the twenty-fourth day of December following we had one man killed, and one wounded, by the Indians, who seemed determined to persecute us for erecting this fortification.
Is this your price for ceasing to persecute poor Clifford?
Upon the slightest and most unreasonable pretences, as well as upon accusations the most absurd and groundless, their persons and property were exposed to every turn of popular fury; for Norman, Saxon, Dane, and Briton, however adverse these races were to each other, contended which should look with greatest detestation upon a people, whom it was accounted a point of religion to hate, to revile, to despise, to plunder, and to persecute.
So artfully can this people dissemble their sentiments that we had not been able hitherto to distinguish our real from our pretended favourers; but as soon as this Prince began to give evident tokens of his hatred, even in the lifetime of the Emperor, we saw all the courtiers and governors who had treated us with such a show of friendship declare against us, and persecute us as disturbers of the public tranquillity, who had come into Aethiopia with no other intention than to abolish the ancient laws and customs of the country, to sow divisions between father and son, and preach up a revolution.
I should persecute anyone who would not show me respect.
Yes, indeed, I have often thought with a bitter joy that these riches, which would make the wealth of a dozen families, will be forever lost to those men who persecute me.
I now considered it high time to die, (since fortune had so determined to persecute me,) and accordingly made my way to the nearest river.
I know better than you why people persecute this house; I know better than you why--"
But this can only be received as a proof of their determination to persecute, since it must be within everybody's experience that the Chadband style of oratory is widely received and much admired.
That a tyranny contains all that is bad both in a democracy and an oligarchy is evident; with an oligarchy it has for its end gain, as the only means of providing the tyrant with guards and the luxuries of life; like that it places no confidence in the people; and therefore deprives them of the use of arms: it is also common to them both to persecute the populace, to drive them out of the city and their own habitations.
His insignificance was turned to power, and he felt himself suddenly equal with the cruel fate which had seemed to persecute him; for, if life was meaningless, the world was robbed of its cruelty.
All these people persecute me with astounding questions--about you.