persecute

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per·se·cute

 (pûr′sĭ-kyo͞ot′)
tr.v. per·se·cut·ed, per·se·cut·ing, per·se·cutes
1. To oppress or harass with ill-treatment, especially because of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs.
2. To annoy persistently; bother: persecuted the babysitter with foolish questions.

[Middle English, from Old French persecuter, back-formation from persecuteur, persecutor, from Late Latin persecūtor, from persecūtus, past participle of persequī, to persecute, from Latin, to pursue : per-, per- + sequī, to follow; see sekw- in Indo-European roots.]

per′se·cu·tee′ (-kyo͞o-tē′) n.
per′se·cu′tive, per′se·cu·to′ry (-kyo͝o-tôr′ē, -kyo͞o′tə-rē) adj.
per′se·cu′tor n.

persecute

(ˈpɜːsɪˌkjuːt)
vb (tr)
1. to oppress, harass, or maltreat, esp because of race, religion, etc
2. to bother persistently
[C15: from Old French persecuter, back formation from persecuteur, from Late Latin persecūtor pursuer, from persequī to take vengeance upon]
ˈperseˌcutive adj
ˈperseˌcutor n

per•se•cute

(ˈpɜr sɪˌkyut)

v.t. -cut•ed, -cut•ing.
1. to subject to harassing or cruel treatment, as because of religion, race, or beliefs; oppress.
2. to annoy or trouble persistently.
[1400–50; back formation from persecutour persecutor (< Anglo-French) < Late Latin persecūtor orig. prosecutor = Latin persecū-, variant s. of persequī to prosecute, pursue closely (see per-, sequence) + -tor -tor]
per′se•cu`tive, adj.
per′se•cu`tor, n.
per′se•cu`to•ry (-ˌkyu tə ri, -kyəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i) adj.

persecute

prosecute
1. 'persecute'

To persecute someone means to continually treat them badly and make them suffer, for example because of their political or religious beliefs.

Members of these sects are ruthlessly persecuted.
They claim that nobody is persecuted for religious belief.
2. 'prosecute'

To prosecute someone means to accuse them of a crime and bring criminal charges against them.

He was prosecuted for drunken driving.
Trespassers will be prosecuted.

persecute


Past participle: persecuted
Gerund: persecuting

Imperative
persecute
persecute
Present
I persecute
you persecute
he/she/it persecutes
we persecute
you persecute
they persecute
Preterite
I persecuted
you persecuted
he/she/it persecuted
we persecuted
you persecuted
they persecuted
Present Continuous
I am persecuting
you are persecuting
he/she/it is persecuting
we are persecuting
you are persecuting
they are persecuting
Present Perfect
I have persecuted
you have persecuted
he/she/it has persecuted
we have persecuted
you have persecuted
they have persecuted
Past Continuous
I was persecuting
you were persecuting
he/she/it was persecuting
we were persecuting
you were persecuting
they were persecuting
Past Perfect
I had persecuted
you had persecuted
he/she/it had persecuted
we had persecuted
you had persecuted
they had persecuted
Future
I will persecute
you will persecute
he/she/it will persecute
we will persecute
you will persecute
they will persecute
Future Perfect
I will have persecuted
you will have persecuted
he/she/it will have persecuted
we will have persecuted
you will have persecuted
they will have persecuted
Future Continuous
I will be persecuting
you will be persecuting
he/she/it will be persecuting
we will be persecuting
you will be persecuting
they will be persecuting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been persecuting
you have been persecuting
he/she/it has been persecuting
we have been persecuting
you have been persecuting
they have been persecuting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been persecuting
you will have been persecuting
he/she/it will have been persecuting
we will have been persecuting
you will have been persecuting
they will have been persecuting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been persecuting
you had been persecuting
he/she/it had been persecuting
we had been persecuting
you had been persecuting
they had been persecuting
Conditional
I would persecute
you would persecute
he/she/it would persecute
we would persecute
you would persecute
they would persecute
Past Conditional
I would have persecuted
you would have persecuted
he/she/it would have persecuted
we would have persecuted
you would have persecuted
they would have persecuted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.persecute - cause to suffer; "Jews were persecuted in the former Soviet Union"
bedevil, dun, rag, torment, frustrate, crucify - treat cruelly; "The children tormented the stuttering teacher"
purge - oust politically; "Deng Xiao Ping was purged several times throughout his lifetime"

persecute

verb
2. harass, bother, annoy, bait, tease, worry, hassle (informal), badger, pester, vex, be on your back (slang) He described his first wife as constantly persecuting him.
harass let alone, leave alone

persecute

verb
To do a wrong to; treat unjustly:
Translations
يَضْطَهِدُيَضْطَهِد، يُعَذِّب
pronásledovat
forfølgeretsforfølge
vainota
progoniti
ofsækja
迫害する
박해하다
persekiotojas
vajāt
preganjati
förfölja
จับมาลงโทษ
baskı yapmakeziyet etmekzulmetmek
ngược đãi

persecute

[ˈpɜːsɪkjuːt] VTperseguir; (= harass) → acosar
they were persecuted under the Nazissufrieron persecución bajo los nazis
to persecute sb with questionsacosar a algn con preguntas

persecute

[ˈpɜːrsɪkjuːt] vtpersécuter
to be persecuted → être persécuté

persecute

vtverfolgen

persecute

[ˈpɜːsɪkjuːt] vtperseguitare

persecute

(ˈpəːsikjuːt) verb
to make (someone) suffer, especially because of their opinions or beliefs. They were persecuted for their religion.
ˌperseˈcution noun
ˈpersecutor noun

persecute

يَضْطَهِدُ pronásledovat retsforfølge verfolgen διώκω perseguir vainota persécuter progoniti perseguitare 迫害する 박해하다 vervolgen forfølge prześladować perseguir преследовать förfölja จับมาลงโทษ baskı yapmak ngược đãi 迫害
References in classic literature ?
If a woman may ever be said to be in safety from the determined Perseverance of disagreeable Lovers and the cruel Persecutions of obstinate Fathers, surely it must be at such a time of Life.
At the appointed hour Elder William Hitch rose, and, in an irritated voice, as if he had already been contradicted, said, "I tell you that Joe Smith is a martyr, that his brother Hiram is a martyr, and that the persecutions of the United States Government against the prophets will also make a martyr of Brigham Young.
But the course of her unearthly eloquence soon led her to the persecutions of her sect, and from thence the step was short to her own peculiar sorrows.
When landing at Portsmouth, Milady was an Englishwoman whom the persecutions of the French drove from La Rochelle; when landing at Boulogne, after a two days' passage, she passed for a Frenchwoman whom the English persecuted at Portsmouth out of their hatred for France.
During the persecutions inflicted in the interval of Popish restoration under the reign of Mary, upon all who favored the Reformation, many of the most zealous reformers had been compelled to fly their country.
That is all the stronger reason for despising such an opposition," said Dorothea, looking at the affairs of Middlemarch by the light of the great persecutions.
Our experiences in Europe have taught us that in time this fatigue will be forgotten; the heat will be forgotten; the thirst, the tiresome volubility of the guide, the persecutions of the beggars--and then, all that will be left will be pleasant memories of Jerusalem, memories we shall call up with always increasing interest as the years go by, memories which some day will become all beautiful when the last annoyance that incumbers them shall have faded out of our minds never again to return.
Her persecutions ought to be ended: she ought to return to the society of which she was an ornament.
My heart, believe me, is able to appraise at its true worth all that you have done for me by protecting me from my enemies, and from hatred and persecution.
We heard, that, having remained in Palestine, on account of his impaired health, after the departure of the English army, he had experienced the persecution of the French faction, to whom the Templars are known to be attached.
Larger, older, and stronger, Lip-lip had selected White Fang for his special object of persecution.
Meantime, those of the Puritans who remained in England continued to suffer grievous persecution on account of their religious opinions.