perusal


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Related to perusal: Pursual

pe·ruse

 (pə-ro͞oz′)
tr.v. pe·rused, pe·rus·ing, pe·rus·es
1. To read or examine, typically with great care.
2. Usage Problem To glance over; skim.

[Middle English perusen, to use up : Latin per-, per- + Middle English usen, to use; see use.]

pe·rus′a·ble adj.
pe·rus′al n.
pe·rus′er n.
Usage Note: Peruse has long meant "to read thoroughly," as in He perused the contract until he was satisfied that it met all of his requirements, which was acceptable to 75 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2011 survey. But the word is often used more loosely, to mean simply "to read," as in The librarians checked to see which titles had been perused in the last month and which ones had been left untouched. Seventy percent of the Panel rejected this example in 1999, but only 39 percent rejected it in 2011. Further extension of the word to mean "to glance over, skim" has traditionally been considered an error, but our ballot results suggest that it is becoming somewhat more acceptable. When asked about the sentence I only had a moment to peruse the manual quickly, 66 percent of the Panel found it unacceptable in 1988, 58 percent in 1999, and 48 percent in 2011. Use of the word outside of reading contexts, as in We perused the shops in the downtown area, is often considered a mistake.

pe•rus•al

(pəˈru zəl)

n.
the act of perusing.
[1590–1600]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.perusal - reading carefully with intent to rememberperusal - reading carefully with intent to remember
reading - the cognitive process of understanding a written linguistic message; "his main reading was detective stories"; "suggestions for further reading"

perusal

noun read, study, check, examination, inspection, scrutiny, browse, look through a quick perusal of the situations-vacant column

perusal

noun
The act of examining carefully:
Informal: going-over.
Translations

perusal

[pəˈruːzəl] Nexamen m
after a brief/careful perusal of the documenttras un somero/detenido examen del documento, tras una somera/detenida lectura del documento
a copy is enclosed for your perusaladjunta se ha enviado una copia para que la examine

perusal

[pəˈruːzəl] n [book, catalogue, brochure] → consultation f

perusal

nLektüre f; (careful) → sorgfältige Durchsicht, Prüfung f; after a brief perusal of the newspaper he …nachdem er kurz einen Blick in die Zeitung geworfen hatte …

perusal

[pəˈruːzl] nlettura
References in classic literature ?
They are intended for the perusal of young women, at that tender age when the feelings of their nature begin to act on them most insidiously, and when their minds are least prepared by reason and experience to contend with their passions.
In this perturbed state of mind, with thoughts that could rest on nothing, she walked on; but it would not do; in half a minute the letter was unfolded again, and collecting herself as well as she could, she again began the mortifying perusal of all that related to Wickham, and commanded herself so far as to examine the meaning of every sentence.
I refer to the perusal (which I have just completed) of this interesting Diary.
Besides, fictitious narratives lead us to imagine the possibility of many events that are impossible; and even the most faithful histories, if they do not wholly misrepresent matters, or exaggerate their importance to render the account of them more worthy of perusal, omit, at least, almost always the meanest and least striking of the attendant circumstances; hence it happens that the remainder does not represent the truth, and that such as regulate their conduct by examples drawn from this source, are apt to fall into the extravagances of the knight-errants of romance, and to entertain projects that exceed their powers.
But, at the same time, if any honest reader shall have derived more pain than pleasure from its perusal, and have closed the last volume with a disagreeable impression on his mind, I humbly crave his pardon, for such was far from my intention; and I will endeavour to do better another time, for I love to give innocent pleasure.
When Brahma, or the God of Gods, saith the Shaster, resolved to recreate the world after one of its periodical dissolutions, he gave birth to Vishnoo, to preside over the work; but the Vedas, or mystical books, whose perusal would seem to have been indispensable to Vishnoo before beginning the creation, and which therefore must have contained something in the shape of practical hints to young architects, these Vedas were lying at the bottom of the waters; so Vishnoo became incarnate in a whale, and sounding down in him to the uttermost depths, rescued the sacred volumes.
he little deserved the name--for though he told us that he was much concerned at our Misfortunes, yet by his own account it appeared that the perusal of them, had neither drawn from him a single sigh, nor induced him to bestow one curse on our vindictive stars--.
From the name of my patron, indeed, I hope my reader will be convinced, at his very entrance on this work, that he will find in the whole course of it nothing prejudicial to the cause of religion and virtue, nothing inconsistent with the strictest rules of decency, nor which can offend even the chastest eye in the perusal.
Weston arrived, Emma had the perusal of it; and she read it with a degree of pleasure and admiration which made her at first shake her head over her own sensations, and think she had undervalued their strength.
I say nothing of the possible danger if a Woman should ever surreptitiously learn to read and convey to her Sex the result of her perusal of a single popular volume; nor of the possibility that the indiscretion or disobedience of some infant Male might reveal to a Mother the secrets of the logical dialect.
His habit of reading isolated him: it became such a need that after being in company for some time he grew tired and restless; he was vain of the wider knowledge he had acquired from the perusal of so many books, his mind was alert, and he had not the skill to hide his contempt for his companions' stupidity.
Moving into the middle of the table a portfolio of papers, with a scarcely perceptible smile of self-satisfaction, he took a pencil from a rack and plunged into the perusal of a complex report relating to the present complication.