peruse


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pe·ruse

 (pə-ro͞oz′)
tr.v. pe·rused, pe·rus·ing, pe·rus·es
1. To read or examine, typically with great care.
2. Usage Problem To glance over; skim.

[Middle English perusen, to use up : Latin per-, per- + Middle English usen, to use; see use.]

pe·rus′a·ble adj.
pe·rus′al n.
pe·rus′er n.
Usage Note: Peruse has long meant "to read thoroughly," as in He perused the contract until he was satisfied that it met all of his requirements, which was acceptable to 75 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2011 survey. But the word is often used more loosely, to mean simply "to read," as in The librarians checked to see which titles had been perused in the last month and which ones had been left untouched. Seventy percent of the Panel rejected this example in 1999, but only 39 percent rejected it in 2011. Further extension of the word to mean "to glance over, skim" has traditionally been considered an error, but our ballot results suggest that it is becoming somewhat more acceptable. When asked about the sentence I only had a moment to peruse the manual quickly, 66 percent of the Panel found it unacceptable in 1988, 58 percent in 1999, and 48 percent in 2011. Use of the word outside of reading contexts, as in We perused the shops in the downtown area, is often considered a mistake.

peruse

(pəˈruːz)
vb (tr)
1. to read or examine with care; study
2. to browse or read through in a leisurely way
[C15 (meaning: to use up): from per- (intensive) + use]
peˈrusal n
peˈruser n

pe•ruse

(pəˈruz)

v.t. -rused, -rus•ing.
1. to read through with thoroughness or care: to peruse a report.
2. to read in an often desultory way.
3. to survey or examine in detail.
[1525–35; earlier, to use up, go through; per- + use]
pe•rus′a•ble, adj.
pe•rus′er, n.

peruse


Past participle: perused
Gerund: perusing

Imperative
peruse
peruse
Present
I peruse
you peruse
he/she/it peruses
we peruse
you peruse
they peruse
Preterite
I perused
you perused
he/she/it perused
we perused
you perused
they perused
Present Continuous
I am perusing
you are perusing
he/she/it is perusing
we are perusing
you are perusing
they are perusing
Present Perfect
I have perused
you have perused
he/she/it has perused
we have perused
you have perused
they have perused
Past Continuous
I was perusing
you were perusing
he/she/it was perusing
we were perusing
you were perusing
they were perusing
Past Perfect
I had perused
you had perused
he/she/it had perused
we had perused
you had perused
they had perused
Future
I will peruse
you will peruse
he/she/it will peruse
we will peruse
you will peruse
they will peruse
Future Perfect
I will have perused
you will have perused
he/she/it will have perused
we will have perused
you will have perused
they will have perused
Future Continuous
I will be perusing
you will be perusing
he/she/it will be perusing
we will be perusing
you will be perusing
they will be perusing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been perusing
you have been perusing
he/she/it has been perusing
we have been perusing
you have been perusing
they have been perusing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been perusing
you will have been perusing
he/she/it will have been perusing
we will have been perusing
you will have been perusing
they will have been perusing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been perusing
you had been perusing
he/she/it had been perusing
we had been perusing
you had been perusing
they had been perusing
Conditional
I would peruse
you would peruse
he/she/it would peruse
we would peruse
you would peruse
they would peruse
Past Conditional
I would have perused
you would have perused
he/she/it would have perused
we would have perused
you would have perused
they would have perused
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.peruse - examine or consider with attention and in detail; "Please peruse this report at your leisure"
examine, see - observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect; "The customs agent examined the baggage"; "I must see your passport before you can enter the country"
leaf, riff, riffle, thumb, flick, flip - look through a book or other written material; "He thumbed through the report"; "She leafed through the volume"

peruse

verb read, study, scan, check, examine, inspect, browse, look through, eyeball (slang), work over, scrutinize, run your eye over She was perusing a copy of Life magazine.

peruse

verb
To look at carefully or critically:
Informal: case.
Idiom: give a going-over.
Translations
tarkastelututkiatutkimus
lesalesa gaumgæfilega

peruse

[pəˈruːz] VT [+ book, menu] → leer detenidamente, examinar con detenimiento; [+ crowd] → examinar con detenimiento; [+ exhibition] → ver con detenimiento

peruse

[pərˈuːz] vt (= read) → consulter

peruse

vt(durch)lesen; (carefully) → sorgfältig durchsehen, prüfen

peruse

[pəˈruːz] vtleggere
References in classic literature ?
Hearing the more regular rise and fall of his breath (which, however, even then, instead of being strong and full, had a feeble kind of tremor, corresponding with the lack of vigor in his character), --hearing these tokens of settled slumber, Hepzibah seized the opportunity to peruse his face more attentively than she had yet dared to do.
He who can peruse it without a tearful eye, a heaving breast, an afflicted spirit,-- without being filled with an unutterable abhorrence of slavery and all its abettors, and animated with a determination to seek the immediate overthrow of that execrable system,--without trembling for the fate of this country in the hands of a righteous God, who is ever on the side of the oppressed, and whose arm is not shortened that it cannot save,--must have a flinty heart, and be qualified to act the part of a trafficker "in slaves and the souls of men.
I closed the book, which I dared no longer peruse, and put it on the table, beside the untasted tart.
She lifted the letter, and seemed to peruse it; and when she came to the signature she sighed: yet still I found she had not gathered its import, for, upon my desiring to hear her reply, she merely pointed to the name, and gazed at me with mournful and questioning eagerness.
Francis had written a very beautiful Life of Eliot, which he advised Laurence to peruse.
It was necessary for Julia to pause and breathe before she could open her letter; and by the time this was done, her busy fancy had clothed both epistle and writer with so much excellence, that she was prepared to peruse the contents with a respect bordering on enthusiasm: every word must be true--every idea purity itself.
The place was large enough to afford half an hour's strolling without the monotony of treading continually the same path; and, for those who love to peruse the annals of graveyards, here was variety of inscription enough to occupy the attention for double or treble that space of time.
Here, having placed a candle upon a reading stand at the bed head, and having made an attempt to peruse some pages of the "Omnipresence of the Deity," I unfortunately fell asleep in less than twenty seconds, leaving the light burning as it was.
The Flying Dutchman, with a crew of ghostly clients imploring all whom they may encounter to peruse their papers, has drifted, for the time being, heaven knows where.
She seized, with an unsteady hand, the precious manuscript, for half a glance sufficed to ascertain written characters; and while she acknowledged with awful sensations this striking exemplification of what Henry had foretold, resolved instantly to peruse every line before she attempted to rest.
This sympathy comes to us, however, as we peruse the Everhard Manuscript.
I will make," said Scott, "if possible, a book that a child shall understand, yet a man shall feel some temptation to peruse should he chance to take it up.