pessimism


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pes·si·mism

 (pĕs′ə-mĭz′əm)
n.
1. A tendency to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view: "We have seen too much defeatism, too much pessimism, too much of a negative approach" (Margo Jones).
2. The doctrine or belief that this is the worst of all possible worlds and that all things ultimately tend toward evil.
3. The doctrine or belief that the evil in the world outweighs the good.

[French pessimisme (on the model of optimisme, optimism), from Latin pessimus, worst; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

pes′si·mist n.
pes′si·mis′tic adj.
pes′si·mis′ti·cal·ly adv.

pessimism

(ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzəm)
n
1. the tendency to expect the worst and see the worst in all things
2. (Philosophy) the doctrine of the ultimate triumph of evil over good
3. (Philosophy) the doctrine that this world is corrupt and that man's sojourn in it is a preparation for some other existence
[C18: from Latin pessimus worst, from malus bad]
ˈpessimist n
ˌpessiˈmistic, ˌpessiˈmistical adj
ˌpessiˈmistically adv

pes•si•mism

(ˈpɛs əˌmɪz əm)

n.
1. the tendency to see only what is disadvantageous or gloomy or to anticipate the worst outcome.
2. the doctrine that the existing world is the worst of all possible worlds or that all things naturally tend toward evil.
3. the belief that the evil and pain in the world outweigh any goodness or happiness.
[1785–95; < Latin pessim(us), superlative of malus bad + -ism; modeled on optimism]
pes`si•mis′tic, adj.
pes`si•mis′ti•cal•ly, adv.

pessimism

1. the doctrine that all things naturally tend to evil.
2. the doctrine that this is the worst of all possible worlds. Cf. Leibnizianism.
3. the doctrine that the evil and pain in the world outweigh goodness and happiness, and that the world is basically evil. Cf. meliorism, optimism.pessimist, n.pessimistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
a depressed and melancholy viewpoint manifested as a disposition to hold the least hopeful opinion of conditions or behavior. See also philosophy. — pessimist, n.pessimistic, adj.
See also: Attitudes
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pessimism - the feeling that things will turn out badly
despair - the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well; "they moaned in despair and dismay"; "one harsh word would send her into the depths of despair"
cynicism - a cynical feeling of distrust
optimism - the optimistic feeling that all is going to turn out well
2.pessimism - a general disposition to look on the dark side and to expect the worst in all things
disposition, temperament - your usual mood; "he has a happy disposition"
optimism - a general disposition to expect the best in all things

pessimism

noun gloominess, depression, despair, gloom, cynicism, melancholy, hopelessness, despondency, dejection, glumness widespread pessimism about the country's political future

pessimism

noun
HEADWORD. The doctrine that this world is evil:
Translations
تَشاؤُم
pesimismus
pessimisme
pesimizam
pesszimizmus
svartsÿni
pesimistaspesimistiškaipesimistiškaspesimizmas
pesimisms
pesimizmus
pesimizem
kötümserlik

pessimism

[ˈpesɪmɪzəm] Npesimismo m

pessimism

[ˈpɛsɪmɪzəm] npessimisme m

pessimism

pessimism

[ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzm] npessimismo

pessimism

(ˈpesimizəm) noun
the state of mind of a person who always expects bad things to happen.
ˈpessimist noun
a person who thinks in this way. He is such a pessimist that he always expects the worst.
ˌpessiˈmistic adjective
ˌpessiˈmistically adverb

pes·si·mism

n. pesimismo, propensión a juzgar situaciones negativamente.

pessimism

n pesimismo
References in classic literature ?
Those who profess to find pessimism in the Chinese character must leave him alone.
The underwriter, who had been trying to minimize the amount of impending loss, regrets his premature pessimism.
Optimism begins in a broad grin, and Pessimism ends with blue spectacles.
But she shook her head, very much like an inconsolable child and very much with a child's complete pessimism she murmured, "Therese has told him.
Her pessimism provoked me and I pretended to have the best hopes; I went so far as to say that I had a distinct presentiment that I should succeed.
He would never exactly reply to Philip's eager questioning, but with a merry, rather stupid laugh, hinted at a romantic amour; he quoted a few lines of Rossetti, and once showed Philip a sonnet in which passion and purple, pessimism and pathos, were packed together on the subject of a young lady called Trude.
They gave outlet to some spirit which found no work to do in real life, for, with the pessimism which his lot forced upon him, Ralph had made up his mind that there was no use for what, contemptuously enough, he called dreams, in the world which we inhabit.
He must have been immensely in advance of most of the thinking and feeling of his day, for people then used to accuse his sentimental pessimism of cynical qualities which we could hardly find in it now.
The headlines explained everything--explained too much, in fact, for the lengths of pessimism to which the journal went were ridiculous.
Yet when I walk with John Barleycorn I suffer all the damnation of intellectual pessimism.
The exaggerated pessimism in this part of his outcry is explained by his own statement, that he lived in a transition time, when the old faith was (as he held) dead, and the new one (partly realized in our own generation) as yet 'powerless to be born.
All her life she had never believed in her luck, with that pessimism of the passionate who at bottom feel themselves to be the outcasts of a morally restrained universe.