petrify

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pet·ri·fy

 (pĕt′rə-fī′)
tr.v. pet·ri·fied, pet·ri·fy·ing, pet·ri·fies
1. To convert (wood or other organic matter) into a stony replica by petrifaction.
2. To cause to lose vitality or become impervious to change; deaden: a routine that petrified her thinking.
3. To stun or paralyze with terror; daze.

[Middle English petrifien, to harden, from Old French petrifier : Latin petra, rock (from Greek petrā; see per- in Indo-European roots) + Old French -fier, -fy.]

petrify

(ˈpɛtrɪˌfaɪ)
vb, -fies, -fying or -fied
1. (Geological Science) (tr; often passive) to convert (organic material, esp plant material) into a fossilized form by impregnation with dissolved minerals so that the original appearance is preserved
2. to make or become dull, unresponsive, insensitive, etc; deaden
3. (tr; often passive) to stun or daze with horror, fear, etc
[C16: from French pétrifier, ultimately from Greek petra stone, rock]
ˈpetriˌfier n

pet•ri•fy

(ˈpɛ trəˌfaɪ)

v. -fied, -fy•ing. v.t.
1. to convert into stone or a stony substance.
2. to benumb with strong emotion, as fear.
3. to harden; deaden: The tragedy petrified his emotions.
v.i.
4. to become petrified.
[1585–95; < Middle French petrifier. See petri-, -ify]
pet′ri•fi`a•ble, adj.
pe•trif•i•cant (pɪˈtrɪf ɪ kənt) adj.
pet′ri•fi`er, n.

petrify


Past participle: petrified
Gerund: petrifying

Imperative
petrify
petrify
Present
I petrify
you petrify
he/she/it petrifies
we petrify
you petrify
they petrify
Preterite
I petrified
you petrified
he/she/it petrified
we petrified
you petrified
they petrified
Present Continuous
I am petrifying
you are petrifying
he/she/it is petrifying
we are petrifying
you are petrifying
they are petrifying
Present Perfect
I have petrified
you have petrified
he/she/it has petrified
we have petrified
you have petrified
they have petrified
Past Continuous
I was petrifying
you were petrifying
he/she/it was petrifying
we were petrifying
you were petrifying
they were petrifying
Past Perfect
I had petrified
you had petrified
he/she/it had petrified
we had petrified
you had petrified
they had petrified
Future
I will petrify
you will petrify
he/she/it will petrify
we will petrify
you will petrify
they will petrify
Future Perfect
I will have petrified
you will have petrified
he/she/it will have petrified
we will have petrified
you will have petrified
they will have petrified
Future Continuous
I will be petrifying
you will be petrifying
he/she/it will be petrifying
we will be petrifying
you will be petrifying
they will be petrifying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been petrifying
you have been petrifying
he/she/it has been petrifying
we have been petrifying
you have been petrifying
they have been petrifying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been petrifying
you will have been petrifying
he/she/it will have been petrifying
we will have been petrifying
you will have been petrifying
they will have been petrifying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been petrifying
you had been petrifying
he/she/it had been petrifying
we had been petrifying
you had been petrifying
they had been petrifying
Conditional
I would petrify
you would petrify
he/she/it would petrify
we would petrify
you would petrify
they would petrify
Past Conditional
I would have petrified
you would have petrified
he/she/it would have petrified
we would have petrified
you would have petrified
they would have petrified
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.petrify - cause to become stonelike or stiff or dazed and stunned; "The horror petrified his feelings"; "Fear petrified her thinking"
blunt, deaden - make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; "Terror blunted her feelings"; "deaden a sound"
2.petrify - change into stone; "the wood petrified with time"
fossilise, fossilize - convert to a fossil; "The little animals fossilized and are now embedded in the limestone"
3.petrify - make rigid and set into a conventional pattern; "rigidify the training schedule"; "ossified teaching methods"; "slogans petrify our thinking"
stiffen - make stiff or stiffer; "Stiffen the cream by adding gelatine"

petrify

verb
2. fossilize, set, harden, solidify, ossify, turn to stone, calcify Bird and bat guano petrifies into a mineral called taranakite.

petrify

verb
1. To make or become physically hard:
2. To render helpless, as by emotion:
Translations
يَصْعَق، يُذْهِل
nahánět strach
gøre stiv af rædselskræmme
jähmettääjähmettyäkivettääkivettyäkovettaa
lama af skelfingu
kelti siaubąstulbinti
pārakmeņotiessastingt

petrify

[ˈpetrɪfaɪ]
A. VT
1. (lit) → petrificar
to become petrifiedpetrificarse
2. (fig) → aterrorizar, horrorizar
we were petrifiednos quedamos aterrorizados or horrorizados
to be petrified with fearestar muerto de miedo
she's petrified of losingle aterroriza or horroriza perder
B. VIpetrificarse

petrify

[ˈpɛtrɪfaɪ] vt (= terrify) → terrifier, pétrifier

petrify

vt
(lit)versteinern
(= frighten) he really petrifies meer jagt mir schreckliche Angst ein; a petrifying experienceein schreckliches Erlebnis; to be petrified by somethingsich panisch vor etw fürchten

petrify

[ˈpɛtrɪˌfaɪ]
1. vt (fig) → terrorizzare
2. vi (turn to stone) → pietrificarsi (frm) (stagnate) → sclerotizzarsi

petrify

(ˈpetrifai) verb
to make (someone) very frightened; to terrify. The thought of having to make a speech petrified him.
References in periodicals archive ?
Apres l'avoir utilisee pour petrifier Atlas, delivrer Andromede et tuer Polydectes qui retenait sa mere prisonniere, Persee offre la tete de Gorgone, le Gorgoneion ([MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/Gorgoneion) a Athena (Bibliotheque, II, 4, 2-3) qui placa la tete de la Meduse sur son egide.
La parole peut aussi bien innover que petrifier, comme lors des litanies, des stereotypies intellectuelles ou des mythes dogmatiques.