petrify


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pet·ri·fy

 (pĕt′rə-fī′)
tr.v. pet·ri·fied, pet·ri·fy·ing, pet·ri·fies
1. To convert (wood or other organic matter) into a stony replica by petrifaction.
2. To cause to lose vitality or become impervious to change; deaden: a routine that petrified her thinking.
3. To stun or paralyze with terror; daze.

[Middle English petrifien, to harden, from Old French petrifier : Latin petra, rock (from Greek petrā; see per- in Indo-European roots) + Old French -fier, -fy.]

petrify

(ˈpɛtrɪˌfaɪ)
vb, -fies, -fying or -fied
1. (Geological Science) (tr; often passive) to convert (organic material, esp plant material) into a fossilized form by impregnation with dissolved minerals so that the original appearance is preserved
2. to make or become dull, unresponsive, insensitive, etc; deaden
3. (tr; often passive) to stun or daze with horror, fear, etc
[C16: from French pétrifier, ultimately from Greek petra stone, rock]
ˈpetriˌfier n

pet•ri•fy

(ˈpɛ trəˌfaɪ)

v. -fied, -fy•ing. v.t.
1. to convert into stone or a stony substance.
2. to benumb with strong emotion, as fear.
3. to harden; deaden: The tragedy petrified his emotions.
v.i.
4. to become petrified.
[1585–95; < Middle French petrifier. See petri-, -ify]
pet′ri•fi`a•ble, adj.
pe•trif•i•cant (pɪˈtrɪf ɪ kənt) adj.
pet′ri•fi`er, n.

petrify


Past participle: petrified
Gerund: petrifying

Imperative
petrify
petrify
Present
I petrify
you petrify
he/she/it petrifies
we petrify
you petrify
they petrify
Preterite
I petrified
you petrified
he/she/it petrified
we petrified
you petrified
they petrified
Present Continuous
I am petrifying
you are petrifying
he/she/it is petrifying
we are petrifying
you are petrifying
they are petrifying
Present Perfect
I have petrified
you have petrified
he/she/it has petrified
we have petrified
you have petrified
they have petrified
Past Continuous
I was petrifying
you were petrifying
he/she/it was petrifying
we were petrifying
you were petrifying
they were petrifying
Past Perfect
I had petrified
you had petrified
he/she/it had petrified
we had petrified
you had petrified
they had petrified
Future
I will petrify
you will petrify
he/she/it will petrify
we will petrify
you will petrify
they will petrify
Future Perfect
I will have petrified
you will have petrified
he/she/it will have petrified
we will have petrified
you will have petrified
they will have petrified
Future Continuous
I will be petrifying
you will be petrifying
he/she/it will be petrifying
we will be petrifying
you will be petrifying
they will be petrifying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been petrifying
you have been petrifying
he/she/it has been petrifying
we have been petrifying
you have been petrifying
they have been petrifying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been petrifying
you will have been petrifying
he/she/it will have been petrifying
we will have been petrifying
you will have been petrifying
they will have been petrifying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been petrifying
you had been petrifying
he/she/it had been petrifying
we had been petrifying
you had been petrifying
they had been petrifying
Conditional
I would petrify
you would petrify
he/she/it would petrify
we would petrify
you would petrify
they would petrify
Past Conditional
I would have petrified
you would have petrified
he/she/it would have petrified
we would have petrified
you would have petrified
they would have petrified
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.petrify - cause to become stonelike or stiff or dazed and stunned; "The horror petrified his feelings"; "Fear petrified her thinking"
blunt, deaden - make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; "Terror blunted her feelings"; "deaden a sound"
2.petrify - change into stone; "the wood petrified with time"
fossilise, fossilize - convert to a fossil; "The little animals fossilized and are now embedded in the limestone"
3.petrify - make rigid and set into a conventional pattern; "rigidify the training schedule"; "ossified teaching methods"; "slogans petrify our thinking"
stiffen - make stiff or stiffer; "Stiffen the cream by adding gelatine"

petrify

verb
2. fossilize, set, harden, solidify, ossify, turn to stone, calcify Bird and bat guano petrifies into a mineral called taranakite.

petrify

verb
1. To make or become physically hard:
2. To render helpless, as by emotion:
Translations
يَصْعَق، يُذْهِل
nahánět strach
gøre stiv af rædselskræmme
jähmettääjähmettyäkivettääkivettyäkovettaa
lama af skelfingu
kelti siaubąstulbinti
pārakmeņotiessastingt

petrify

[ˈpetrɪfaɪ]
A. VT
1. (lit) → petrificar
to become petrifiedpetrificarse
2. (fig) → aterrorizar, horrorizar
we were petrifiednos quedamos aterrorizados or horrorizados
to be petrified with fearestar muerto de miedo
she's petrified of losingle aterroriza or horroriza perder
B. VIpetrificarse

petrify

[ˈpɛtrɪfaɪ] vt (= terrify) → terrifier, pétrifier

petrify

vt
(lit)versteinern
(= frighten) he really petrifies meer jagt mir schreckliche Angst ein; a petrifying experienceein schreckliches Erlebnis; to be petrified by somethingsich panisch vor etw fürchten

petrify

[ˈpɛtrɪˌfaɪ]
1. vt (fig) → terrorizzare
2. vi (turn to stone) → pietrificarsi (frm) (stagnate) → sclerotizzarsi

petrify

(ˈpetrifai) verb
to make (someone) very frightened; to terrify. The thought of having to make a speech petrified him.
References in classic literature ?
And as the frantic wielders of these weapons snatched them from the stream of sparks and tore away into the streets, the same red hue was red in their frenzied eyes;--eyes which any unbrutalised beholder would have given twenty years of life, to petrify with a well-directed gun.
The news of the loss of the Diamond seemed to petrify her.
On the contrary, like the waters in the cavities and hollows of mountains, which petrify and turn into stone whatever they are suffered to drop on, so the continual conversing with such a crew of hell-hounds as I was, had the same common operation upon me as upon other people.