petroleum


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Related to petroleum: kerosene, Petroleum products, Petroleum Refining

pe·tro·le·um

 (pə-trō′lē-əm)
n.
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface, can be separated into fractions including natural gas, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, fuel and lubricating oils, paraffin wax, and asphalt and is used as raw material for a wide variety of derivative products.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin petrōleum : Latin petra, rock; see petrous + Latin ōleum, oil; see oil.]

petroleum

(pəˈtrəʊlɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a dark-coloured thick flammable crude oil occurring in sedimentary rocks around the Persian Gulf, in parts of North and South America, and below the North Sea, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons. Fractional distillation separates the crude oil into petrol, paraffin, diesel oil, lubricating oil, etc. Fuel oil, paraffin wax, asphalt, and carbon black are extracted from the residue
[C16: from Medieval Latin, from Latin petra stone + oleum oil]

pe•tro•le•um

(pəˈtroʊ li əm)

n.
an oily, thick, flammable, usu. dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring naturally and commonly obtained by drilling: used as fuel, or separated by distillation into gasoline, naphtha, benzene, kerosene, paraffin, etc.
[1520–30; < Medieval Latin: literally, rock oil = Latin petr(a) rock (< Greek pétra) + oleum oil]
pe•tro′le•ous, adj.

pe·tro·le·um

(pə-trō′lē-əm)
A thick, black to yellow, flammable liquid mixture of hydrocarbons. Petroleum occurs naturally, mainly below the Earth's surface, and is believed to originate from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals. It is the source of petrochemicals and is used to make gasoline, lubricating oils, plastics, and many other products.

petroleum

Mineral oil composed of hydrocarbons formed in the Earth’s crust.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.petroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbonspetroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
resid, residual oil - oil products that remain after petroleum has been distilled
Translations
نفطنَفْط، بِتْرول
petroli
ropanafta
råolie
maaöljyraakaöljy
nafta
kõolaj
jarî-/hráolía
petroleum
nafta
ropa
nafta
petroleum

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm]
A. Npetróleo m
B. CPD petroleum jelly Nvaselina f
petroleum products NPLderivados mpl del petróleo

petroleum

[pəˈtrəʊliəm] npétrole mpetroleum jelly nVaseline® fpetrol gauge n [car] → jauge f d'essence

petroleum

nPetroleum nt

petroleum

:
petroleum ether
nPetroläther m
petroleum jelly
nVaselin nt, → Vaseline f
petroleum refinery

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm] npetrolio

petrol

(ˈpetrəl) noun
(American gas or gasoline) a liquid got from petroleum, used as fuel for motor cars etc. I'll stop at the next garage and buy more petrol; (also adjective) a petrol engine.
petroleum (pəˈtrəuliəm) noun
oil in its raw, unrefined form, which is found in natural wells below the earth's surface and from which petrol, paraffin etc are obtained.
petroleum jelly
a soft substance got from petroleum, used eg in ointments.
petrol pump (American gasoline pump)
an apparatus at a petrol station which pumps petrol into cars etc, and which measures the amount of petrol it pumps.
petrol station (especially American filling stationor informally gas station)
a garage where petrol is sold.

petroleum

n petróleo; — jelly vaselina, petrolato
References in classic literature ?
Opposite them, on the other side of the street, between a coal wharf and a petroleum warehouse, a large platform had been erected in the open air, towards which the current of the crowd seemed to be directed.
Close inshore was a multitude of fishing smacks--English, Scotch, French, Dutch, and Swedish; steam launches from the Thames, yachts, electric boats; and beyond were ships of large burden, a multitude of filthy colliers, trim merchantmen, cattle ships, passenger boats, petroleum tanks, ocean tramps, an old white transport even, neat white and grey liners from Southampton and Hamburg; and along the blue coast across the Blackwater my brother could make out dimly a dense swarm of boats chaffering with the people on the beach, a swarm which also extended up the Blackwater almost to Maldon.
The sea-reach of the Thames is straight, and, once Sheerness is left behind, its banks seem very uninhabited, except for the cluster of houses which is Southend, or here and there a lonely wooden jetty where petroleum ships discharge their dangerous cargoes, and the oil-storage tanks, low and round with slightly-domed roofs, peep over the edge of the fore-shore, as it were a village of Central African huts imitated in iron.
There was a scandal about his drenching a dog with petroleum and setting it on fire--her ladyship's dog, to make the matter worse--and that was only hushed up with difficulty.
It had given these subject races cigarettes, boots, bowler hats, cricket, race meetings, cheap revolvers, petroleum, the factory system of industry, halfpeuny newspapers in both English and the vernacular, inexpensive university degrees, motor-bicycles and electric trams; it had produced a considerable literature expressing contempt for the Subject Races, and rendered it freely accessible to them, and it had been content to believe that nothing would result from these stimulants because somebody once wrote "the immemorial east"; and also, in the inspired words of Kipling--
This unexpected addition to his worriments in finding places for the progeny of his petroleum and their progeny and their progeny's progeny was too much for the equanimity of a man without a digestion.
This Global Report 2014 is a result of industry experts' diligent work on researching the world market of barium petroleum sulfonate.
The determination of whether a facility is a retail motor furls outlet used in the marketing of petroleum and petroleum products is made using either a gross revenues test or the floor-space test.
Performance is similar to petroleum diesel--it offers comparable fuel economy, horsepower and torque, while providing superior lubricity.
There are over 14 million tonnes of petroleum coke moved throughout the United States that is burned in utilities and chemical plants, so that has nothing to do with the fact that we are in Thunder Bay," he said.
According to Joseph Perez, a chemical engineer and senior research scientist at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, vegetable oils actually lubricate better than petroleum products--they are naturally more slippery, and they also are more polar, meaning they cling better to metal parts.
C: Curtain and Carpets: Through refining petroleum can be turned into many types of petrochemicals.

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