phagocytosis


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phag·o·cy·to·sis

 (făg′ə-sī-tō′sĭs)
n.
The engulfing and destruction of particulate matter, such as a bacterium, by a cell.

phag′o·cy·tot′ic (-tŏt′ĭk) adj.

phagocytosis

(ˌfæɡəsaɪˈtəʊsɪs) or

phagocytism

n
(Physiology) the process by which a cell, such as a white blood cell, ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles

phag•o•cy•to•sis

(ˌfæg ə saɪˈtoʊ sɪs)

n.
the ingestion by a cell of a microorganism, cell particle, or other matter surrounded and engulfed by the cell. Compare endocytosis.
[1890–95]
phag`o•cy•tot′ic (-ˈtɒt ɪk) adj.

phagocytosis

the action of phagocytes in ingesting and destroying cells.
See also: Blood and Blood Vessels, Cells

phagocytosis

1. A process of a cell actively engulfing other cells or food particles.
2. A process by which certain cells engulf and destroy foreign particles or microorganisms such as bacteria.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phagocytosis - process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection
bodily function, bodily process, body process, activity - an organic process that takes place in the body; "respiratory activity"
Translations

phag·o·cy·to·sis

n. fagocitosis, proceso de ingestión y digestión realizado por fagocitos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), including adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), are known for their broad range of immunomodulatory properties, targeting multiple pro- and anti-inflammatory pathways, and possess antimicrobial capacities (releasing bactericidal peptides and promoting the phagocytosis by immune cells).
Phagocytosis and PI values were counted from 200 heterophil cells in different microscope fields.
KEY WORDS: hemocyte, stress, Dreissena polymorpha, cytometry, phagocytosis
hyaluronic acid capsule as an immunological disguise and to inhibit phagocytosis; M-protein to inhibit phagocytosis
They are responsible for tissue apoptosis occurring during metamorphosis, as well as for phagocytosis of bacteria.
The first two parts discuss effector mechanisms and their mediating cells including antibody-dependent cytotoxicity, the complement system, phagocytosis, natural killer and B cells.
WellBody 365's active ingredients include beta-glucan and Ashwagandha, which enhances immune activity under periods of stress by increasing certain cytokines and phagocytosis.
We measured degranulation and oxidative burst, 2 fundamental components of phagocytosis, and we predicted that the functional effectiveness of these innate immune responses would correspond to the species' relative resistance to WNV.
Mechanisms of action include direct antibacterial activity, indirect antibacterial activity such as inhibition of host epithelia and group A streptococci, improved phagocytosis, improved oxidative burst and intracellular killing by human peripheral blood phagocytes, release of tumour necrosis factor and nitric oxides and a number of other activities.
Phagocytic activity of blood cells (absolute and relative phagocytosis, the percentage of cells having performed phagocytosis, phagocytic index) was examined using formalinized sheep erythrocytes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immunomodulatory activity of different extracts, fractions and isolated compounds in relation to phagocytosis and reactive oxygen species production in human neutrophil cells have been investigated using the PMN phagocytic function studies, NBT, NO and chemiluminescence assay.
The same 'soup' that brings the inflammation to the injured area also carries white blood cells among others, which perform a process known as phagocytosis.