A new study has found that risks of penile reconstruction surgery, also known as phalloplasty
, appear higher in female-to-male transgender (trans-male) patients, compared to the risks posed by native male (cis-male) patients undergoing surgery.
transformation He had a double mastectomy around a year after initially starting to take testosterone, followed by a stage one phalloplasty
, involving the creation of a penis from his stomach.
Patients should be advised that a portion of the vaginal epithelium is sometimes used for certain phalloplasty
procedures and that, if they are considering genital reconstruction in the future, it may be beneficial to preserve the vagina until that time.
The two men had decided not to have a hysterectomy because neither considered it necessary to their sense of male identity, both were infertile while receiving testosterone therapy, both had suffered the effects of surgery in the past, and both believed that their internal organs might be beneficial for phalloplasty
surgery in the future.
36) Until recently, (37) New York City's birth certificate policy required a candidate for gender reclassification to undergo either phalloplasty
or vaginoplasty (i.
Especially for certain procedures like phalloplasty
, those procedures have not been developed to a point where we can avoid a lot of complications.
For transmen, surgical options include chest reconstruction, hysterectomy/oophorectomy, metoidioplasty (using the clitoris to surgically approximate a penis), phalloplasty
, scrotoplasty, urethroplasty, and vaginectomy.
options, say of FtM phalloplasty
(construction of a penis) that its
Though many techniques have been described, the radial forearm free flap remains the most common for phalloplasty
due to its long, reliable vascular pedicle, multiple nerve innervations, and pliability .
For those who do, the process involves vaginoplasty for transgender females (the process of removing the spongiform erectile tissue from the penis and using the remaining skin to create a vestibule area and a labia minora, which are then inverted to create a vagina) and phalloplasty
for transgender males (the surgical creation of a penis involving lengthening of the urethra and clitoral enlargement or skin grafting from another part of the body).
, or creation of the penis, is one of the steps in gender confirming surgery for a female-to-male patient and for males with absence or malformation of the penis.
It was planned that the child would undergo phalloplasty
at the age of puberty because his parents decided to keep the male sex.