Philistine


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Related to Philistine: Philistia

Phil·is·tine

 (fĭl′ĭ-stēn′, fĭ-lĭs′tĭn, -tēn′)
n.
1. A member of a people, perhaps of Aegean origin, who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century bc.
2. often philistine A person who is smugly indifferent or hostile to art and culture.
adj.
1. Of or relating to ancient Philistia.
2. often philistine Relating to or having the attitudes of a philistine: "our plastic, violent culture, with its philistine tastes and hunger for novelty" (Lloyd Rose).

[From Middle English Philistines, Philistines, from Late Latin Philistīnī, from Greek Philistīnoi, from Hebrew Pəlištîm, from Pəlešet, Philistia.]
Word History: The ultimate origin of the Philistines, the inhabitants of the ancient city-states of Philistia (located in what is now the Gaza Strip and the southern Mediterranean coast of Israel), is not known, although some archaeological evidence links them with ancient peoples of the Aegean region and Anatolia. The English name of this people, the Philistines, ultimately comes from Hebrew Pəlištîm, which is in turn derived from Pəlešet, the Hebrew name for Philistia. In fact, the word Palestine, the more recent historical designation for the entire region between Lebanon and Egypt, also derives from the ancient name of Philistia. Strategically located on a trade route from Egypt to Syria, the cities of Philistia formed a loose confederacy important in biblical times, and the Bible depicts the Philistines as engaged in a struggle with the tribes of Israel for ascendancy in the region. The mighty Israelite warrior Samson, for example, fought with the Philistines on several occasions and was betrayed by his Philistine lover, Delilah. During the 1600s, as a result of the negative depiction of the Philistines in the Bible, the word philistine came to be applied figuratively to anyone considered an enemy. However, the modern sense of the word, "uncultured person," stems from the slang of German university students in the 1600s. Students used Philister, the German equivalent of the English word Philistine, to refer to nonstudents and hence uncultured or materialistic people. At a memorial service in 1693 for a student killed during a town-gown quarrel in Jena, for example, a minister preached a sermon from the text "Philister über dir Simson!" ("The Philistines be upon thee, Samson!")—the words of Delilah to Samson after she attempted to render him powerless before the Philistines. The German usage was eventually picked up in English in the early 1800s.

Philistine

(ˈfɪlɪˌstaɪn)
n
1. a person who is unreceptive to or hostile towards culture, the arts, etc; a smug boorish person
2. (Peoples) a member of the non-Semitic people who inhabited ancient Philistia
adj
3. (sometimes not capital) boorishly uncultured
4. (Peoples) of or relating to the ancient Philistines
Philistinism n

phil•is•tine

(ˈfɪl əˌstin, -ˌstaɪn, fɪˈlɪs tɪn, -tin)

n.
1. (sometimes cap.) a person who is lacking in or smugly indifferent to culture, aesthetic refinement, etc., or is contentedly commonplace in ideas and tastes.
2. (cap.) a member of a maritime people of Anatolian or Aegean origin who controlled SW Palestine from c1200 to 604 b.c.
adj.
3. (sometimes cap.) lacking in or indifferent to cultural values; uncultivated or smugly conventional.
4. (cap.) of or pertaining to the ancient Philistines.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin Philistīnī (pl.) < Late Greek Philistînoi < Hebrew pəlishtīm; (definition 1) translation of German Philister]
phil′is•tin•ism, n.

Philistine

A people who were the enemies of the Israelites in their settlement of the Promised Land in the Old Testament.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Philistine - a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuitsphilistine - a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits
pleb, plebeian - one of the common people
2.Philistine - a member of an Aegean people who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century BC
denizen, dweller, habitant, inhabitant, indweller - a person who inhabits a particular place
Adj.1.Philistine - of or relating to ancient Philistia or its culture or its people
2.philistine - smug and ignorant and indifferent or hostile to artistic and cultural values
nonintellectual - not intellectual

philistine

noun
1. boor, barbarian, yahoo, lout, bourgeois, hoon (Austral. & N.Z.), ignoramus, lowbrow, vulgarian The man's a total philistine when it comes to the arts.
adjective

Philistine

also philistine
noun
An unrefined, rude person:
adjectivephilistine also Philistine
Translations
barbarFilištínšosák
spidsborger
filistealainenfilisterimoukkamoukkamainen
filiszterfiliszteus
filisterfilisterskiFilistynfilistyński

Philistine

[ˈfɪlɪstaɪn]
A. ADJ
1. (lit) → filisteo
2. (fig) → inculto
B. N
1. (lit) → filisteo/a m/f
2. (fig) → inculto/a m/f

philistine

[ˈfɪlɪstaɪn]
nphilistin m
adj [person, organization] → philistin adj m, de philistins

philistine

adj (fig)kulturlos, philisterhaft (geh); tell that philistine friend of yours …sag deinem Freund, diesem Banausen
n
(lit) PhilistinePhilister(in) m(f)
(fig)Banause m, → Banausin f, → Philister(in) m(f) (geh)

Philistine

[ˈfɪlɪˌstaɪn] adjfilisteo/a
References in classic literature ?
Do tell, now, cried Bildad, is this Philistine a regular member of Deacon Deuteronomy's meeting?
he hath conquered, and the uncircumcised Philistine hath fallen before his lance, even as Og the King of Bashan, and Sihon, King of the Amorites, fell before the sword of our fathers
Oh, Basil is the best of fellows, but he seems to me to be just a bit of a Philistine.
With regard to giants," replied Don Quixote, "opinions differ as to whether there ever were any or not in the world; but the Holy Scripture, which cannot err by a jot from the truth, shows us that there were, when it gives us the history of that big Philistine, Goliath, who was seven cubits and a half in height, which is a huge size.
It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious fervour, of chivalrous enthusiasm, of philistine sentimentalism, in the icy water of egotistical calculation.
David offered himself to Saul to fight with Goliath, the Philistine champion, and, to give him courage, Saul armed him with his own weapons; which David rejected as soon as he had them on his back, saying he could make no use of them, and that he wished to meet the enemy with his sling and his knife.
Let us not question the motives of the Philistine," interrupted Abel-Phittim' "for to-day we profit for the first time by his avarice or by his generosity; but rather let us hurry to the ramparts, lest offerings should be wanting for that altar whose fire the rains of heaven can not extinguish, and whose pillars of smoke no tempest can turn aside.
She was so used to hearing Sellers lash the Philistine and hold forth on unappreciated merit that she could hardly believe the miracle when, in answer to a sympathetic bromide on the popular lack of taste in Art, Beverley replied that, as far as he was concerned, the public showed strong good sense.
Watson talked all the time of things he did not care about, and while he looked upon Watson as a Philistine he could not help admiring him.
Casaubon's entirely new view of the Philistine god Dagon and other fish-deities, thinking that hereafter she should see this subject which touched him so nearly from the same high ground whence doubtless it had become so important to him.
It is their serious fidelity which gives them a value unique in literature, and which if it were carefully analyzed would afford a principle of the same quality in an author who was undoubtedly one of the finest of artists as well as the most Philistine of men.
His brother-in-law must have appeared to him, to use the language of shore people, a perfect philistine with a heart like a flint.