philosopher


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Related to philosopher: Philosopher Kings, philosophy, Socrates

phi·los·o·pher

 (fĭ-lŏs′ə-fər)
n.
1. A student of or specialist in philosophy.
2. A person who lives and thinks according to a particular philosophy.
3. A person who is calm and rational under any circumstances.

[Middle English philosophre, from alteration of Old French philosophe, from Latin philosophus, from Greek philosophos, lover of wisdom, philosopher : philo-, philo- + sophiā, knowledge, learning.]

philosopher

(fɪˈlɒsəfə)
n
1. (Philosophy) a student, teacher, or devotee of philosophy
2. a person of philosophical temperament, esp one who is patient, wise, and stoical
3. (Alchemy) (formerly) an alchemist or devotee of occult science
4. a person who establishes the ideology of a cult or movement: the philosopher of the revolution.

phi•los•o•pher

(fɪˈlɒs ə fər)

n.
1. a person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics, metaphysics, logic, and other related fields.
2. a person who is deeply versed in philosophy.
3. a person who establishes the central ideas of some movement, cult, etc.
4. a person who regulates his or her life by the light of philosophy or reason.
5. a person who is sensibly calm or rational, esp. under trying circumstances.
[1300–50; Middle English philosophre < Anglo-French; Middle French philosophe < Latin philosophus < Greek philósophos]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.philosopher - a specialist in philosophyphilosopher - a specialist in philosophy    
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
nativist - a philosopher who subscribes to nativism
Cynic - a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control
eclectic, eclecticist - someone who selects according to the eclectic method
empiricist - a philosopher who subscribes to empiricism
epistemologist - a specialist in epistemology
aesthetician, esthetician - a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
ethician, ethicist - a philosopher who specializes in ethics
existential philosopher, existentialist, existentialist philosopher - a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
gymnosophist - member of a Hindu sect practicing gymnosophy (especially nudism)
libertarian - someone who believes the doctrine of free will
mechanist - a philosopher who subscribes to the doctrine of mechanism
moralist - a philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems
naturalist - an advocate of the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms
necessitarian - someone who does not believe the doctrine of free will
nominalist - a philosopher who has adopted the doctrine of nominalism
pluralist - a philosopher who believes that no single explanation can account for all the phenomena of nature
pre-Socratic - any philosopher who lived before Socrates
realist - a philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
bookman, scholar, scholarly person, student - a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines
Scholastic - a Scholastic philosopher or theologian
Sophist - any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects
Stoic - a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno; "a Stoic achieves happiness by submission to destiny"
transcendentalist - advocate of transcendentalism
yogi - one who practices yoga and has achieved a high level of spiritual insight
Karl Popper, Popper, Sir Karl Raimund Popper - British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
2.philosopher - a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"

philosopher

noun thinker, theorist, sage, wise man, logician, metaphysician, dialectician, seeker after truth the Greek philosopher Plato see philosophy
Quotations
"It is one of the chief skills of the philosopher not to occupy himself with questions which do not concern him" [Ludwig Wittgenstein Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]
"There is no statement so absurd that no philosopher will make it" [Cicero De Divinatione]
"There was never yet philosopher"
"That could endure the toothache patiently" [William Shakespeare Much Ado About Nothing]
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point, however, is to change it" [Karl Marx Theses on Feuerbach]
"I have tried too in my time to be a philosopher; but, I don't know how, cheerfulness was always breaking in" [Oliver Edwards]
"what I understand by `philosopher': a terrible explosive in the presence of which everything is in danger" [Friedrich Nietzsche Ecce Homo]

philosopher

noun
A person who seeks reason and truth by thinking and meditation:
Translations
فَيلَسوف
filozof
filosof
filozófus
heimspekingur
filozof
filozof

philosopher

[fɪˈlɒsəfəʳ] Nfilósofo/a m/f
philosopher's stonepiedra f filosofal

philosopher

[fɪˈlɒsəfər] nphilosophe m

philosopher

nPhilosoph(in) m(f)

philosopher

[fɪˈlɒsəfəʳ] nfilosofo/a

philosophy

(fiˈlosəfi) plural phiˈlosophies noun
1. the search for knowledge and truth, especially about the nature of man and his behaviour and beliefs. moral philosophy.
2. a particular system of philosophical theories. I have a very simple philosophy (=attitude to life) – enjoy life!
phiˈlosopher noun
a person who studies philosophy, especially one who develops a particular set of theories. Rousseau was a famous philosopher.
ˌphiloˈsophical, ˌphiloˈsophic (-ˈso-) adjective
1. of philosophy. a philosophical discussion; philosophical works.
2. (of a person) calm, not easily upset or worried. He's had a lot of bad luck, but he's philosophical about it.
ˌphiloˈsophically adverb
phiˈlosophize, phiˈlosophise verb
to think about or discuss the nature of man, the purpose of life etc. He spends all his time philosophizing and never does any work.
References in classic literature ?
The great novelist vibrated between two decanters with the regularity of a pendulum; the famous divine flirted openly with one of the Madame de Staels of the age, who looked daggers at another Corinne, who was amiably satirizing her, after outmaneuvering her in efforts to absorb the profound philosopher, who imbibed tea Johnsonianly and appeared to slumber, the loquacity of the lady rendering speech impossible.
He looked like a humorous philosopher who had hitched up one shoulder under the burdens of life, and gone on his way having a good time when he could.
A deeper philosopher than Phoebe might have found something very terrible in this idea.
So soon as I hear that such or such a man gives himself out for a philosopher, I conclude that, like the dyspeptic old woman, he must have broken his digester.
Sam spoke like a philosopher, emphasizing this--as if he had had a large experience in different sorts of worlds, and therefore had come to his conclusions advisedly.
Even the Chinese philosopher was wise enough to regard the individual as the basis of the empire.
There the poet sustains himself merely by his own superfluous fat, and the philosopher comes down on his marrow-bones.
The philosopher Harris said that the average man would not yell in either case if he had an audience.
If he had been a great and wise philosopher, like the writer of this book, he would now have comprehended that Work consists of whatever a body is OBLIGED to do, and that Play consists of whatever a body is not obliged to do.
You would describe yourself as a mere pagan philosopher," I said.
Earnshaw was not to be civilized with a wish, and my young lady was no philosopher, and no paragon of patience; but both their minds tending to the same point - one loving and desiring to esteem, and the other loving and desiring to be esteemed - they contrived in the end to reach it.
I look at those boys," the philosopher was accustomed to say, "with a perfectly impartial eye; I dismiss the unimportant accident of their birth from all consideration; and I find them below the average in every respect.