This volume explores irony as a rhetorical tool in modernism and discusses three modes of irony in the context of early German Romantic and idealist theories and how they create understanding of social and cultural phenomena, focusing on how post-Kantian philosophical logic
Finally, Abhinavagupta echoes the first Paramarthasara by speaking in the language of metaphor and analogy (see karikas 6, 7, 8, 9, 12-13, 18, 23, 25, 26, 28, 31, 32, 36, 37, 42, 51, 57, 62, 85-86, and 87-88), rather than in the sort of philosophical logic
that characterizes the first two adhikaras of the Isvarapratyabhijnakarikas (IPK), the magnum opus of Abhinava's paramaguru, Utpaladeva.
One of the central notions in philosophical logic
is identity, and Lowe (following Frege) says we need criteria of identity in order to be able to think of particular objects.
Michael LeMahieu's first book both makes the case and develops a method for reading postwar US fictions philosophical logic
in terms of its immediate academic milieu, rather than through lenses imposed by later critics and theorists.
First, it is selfstyled as coming from the "European tradition of philosophical logic
," and many of the citations do reflect a different background than similar Anglophone works.
This single event disproved the axiom--brought about through countless observations of white swans--that all swans are white, bringing to light a problem with the philosophical logic
that drives learning and knowledge.
Ibn Sinan's contribution is of a particular interest: it is the first substantial essay, to our knowledge, which deals with this kind of philosophical logic
As Robert Boyd has argued, the principles of philosophical logic
can contribute to the logic of students' arguments; similarly, ethical arguments can contribute to the students' writing abilities as well as the development of their own ethics.
PROFESSOR ZEMACH'S book applies to problems in aesthetics a knowledge gained from a prolonged, and often highly original, engagement with a range of topics that are central to philosophical logic
and metaphysics: topics such as reference, truth, identity, objectivity, realism, and ontology.
Renaut looks to two possible models for a philosophical logic
that escapes individualism: phenomenology and critical philosophy.
The conflict of realism/anti-realism in metaphysics and philosophical logic
is crucial for the philosophy of religion and philosophical theology, and this is a learned and rigorous guide.
Danner 'Towards a Model Theory of Diagrams', Journal of Philosophical Logic
25, 5, 1996, pp.