philosophical theory


Also found in: Thesaurus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
aesthetic, esthetic - (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful; "he despised the esthetic of minimalism"
Aristotelianism, peripateticism - (philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science; "Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought"
conceptualism - the doctrine that the application of a general term to various objects indicates the existence of a mental entity that mediates the application
Confucianism - the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China
deconstruction, deconstructionism - a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
empiricism, empiricist philosophy, sensationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
environmentalism - the philosophical doctrine that environment is more important than heredity in determining intellectual growth
existential philosophy, existentialism, existentialist philosophy - (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
determinism - (philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will
formalism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications
hereditarianism - the philosophical doctrine that heredity is more important than environment in determining intellectual growth
idealism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
intuitionism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
logicism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all of mathematics can be derived from formal logic
physicalism, materialism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
mechanism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes
mentalism - (philosophy) a doctrine that mind is the true reality and that objects exist only as aspects of the mind's awareness
nativism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate
naturalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
Neoplatonism - a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable; "Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century"; "Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy"
nominalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that the various objects labeled by the same term have nothing in common but their name
operationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that the meaning of a proposition consists of the operations involved in proving or applying it
Platonism, realism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
pragmatism - (philosophy) the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
probabilism - (philosophy) the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action
rationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
naive realism, realism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
relativism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved
Scholasticism - the system of philosophy dominant in medieval Europe; based on Aristotle and the Church Fathers
semiology, semiotics - (philosophy) a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
sensualism, sensationalism - (philosophy) the ethical doctrine that feeling is the only criterion for what is good
solipsism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that the self is all that you know to exist
Stoicism - (philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
subjectivism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge and value are dependent on and limited by your subjective experience
References in classic literature ?
It seemed to her that he had discarded the friendship, when it suited his convenience to do so, with some falsely philosophical theory which made his conduct all the worse.
Offering a comparative perspective on the status of freedom of religion and laicity in political and philosophical theory, this book was intended primarily as a monographic work, because there has always been a particular relation between the two in past two centuries in Europe's long road.
Or: Are Philosophers' Colors all White," Befit Brogaard claims that since the desired objectivism of a philosophical theory ignores ethnic and gender differences, it implicitly attributes deficiencies to nonwhite people.
In addition, an artful and honest use of narratives enhances the philosophical theory and argument of the book: a fictional work on immortality by Jorge Luis Borges sets up the chapter on that topic and a number of personal stories illustrate May's points.
Throughout the work it is clear that Westerhoff is convinced of what he states explicitly in the concluding chapter, namely, that all these various topics "are not just isolated philosophical statements but fit together as a unified philosophical theory which is Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka" (p.
At the level of philosophical theory, the volume usefully explores still deeper questions regarding consequentialism versus deontological rights-based thinking and the application of each approach to practical issues.
Equal weight is given to both the use of philosophical theory and the analysis of the sf film.
Indeed, much of Bagaric's other published work is devoted to attempting to defend this philosophical theory as the only one capable of giving an "objective" basis to ethics and, for that matter, to the law.
At first glance, I imagined this was going to be a text with a little too much philosophical theory for my liking, but I found myself fascinated and ended up reading the entire book at a single sitting.
The Chapman brothers also weave a vast range of associations into their work, using material from all areas of the cultural landscape, including popular and consumer culture, philosophical theory, art history and psychoanalysis.
assess the philosophical theory used by a facility in situations concerning decision making.
castigates much modern theology for not distinguishing biblical commonsense, philosophical theory, and the realm of interiority.