The recommendation for complete excision, however, has to be balanced with consideration of preserving vocal fold phonatory
and sphincteric function.
Vocal problems, such as phonatory
instability and vocal cord strain or abnormalities also fit into this category.
It includes Cochlear-implant (lots 1-4) : -Prostheses in the middle ear (lots 5-6) : -Bone anchored prostheses (lots 7-9) : -Ossicular prostheses (lots 10-12) : Medical-devices and accessories for ENT surgery and anesthesia (Lot 13 to 41) (piston drains, phonatory
prosthesis, macromolecules, silicone sheet, compression device, balloon extractor fitting, ducts nasofibroscope, cannulas, probes, pacing systems , blades, navigation devices, .
Herbst and the other researchers imitated the elephant's lungs by blowing controlled streams of warm, humid air through the excised larynx while adjusting the elephant vocal folds into a phonatory
, or vocal-ready, position.
This structure, which is designed to replace a tracheal segment, must be sufficiently rigid to support the proximal insertion of a neosphincter that opens during respiration and closes during the passage of a food bolus and, at best, would include phonatory
They address normal phonatory
physiology and acoustics; pathophysiology arising from voice misuse, abuse, or neurological involvement; and morphology; with an emphasis on differential diagnosis.
Topics range from phonatory
anatomy and perception of voice to disorders, lesions, vocal fold paralysis, and surgery.
Although sEMG biofeedback appears to hold promise as an applied behavioral technology that can make important contributions to the phonatory
health and performance of individuals, further research is required.
Botulinum toxin injection for adductor spastic dysphonia: patient self-ratings of voice and phonatory
effort after three successive injections.
The first one, "Sounds produced by living creatures", is characterised by the manner in which the sound is produced, whether by using the phonatory
organs, which is the default value, by the intervention of other organs, which usually is related to certain body conditions (breathing, expelling air or gnashing one's teeth), or like an animal.