phoneme


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pho·neme

 (fō′nēm′)
n.
The smallest phonetic unit in a language that is capable of conveying a distinction in meaning, as the m of mat and the b of bat in English.

[French phonème, from Greek phōnēma, phōnēmat-, utterance, sound produced, from phōnein, to produce a sound, from phōnē, sound, voice; see bhā- in Indo-European roots.]

phoneme

(ˈfəʊniːm)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics one of the set of speech sounds in any given language that serve to distinguish one word from another. A phoneme may consist of several phonetically distinct articulations, which are regarded as identical by native speakers, since one articulation may be substituted for another without any change of meaning. Thus /p/ and /b/ are separate phonemes in English because they distinguish such words as pet and bet, whereas the light and dark /l/ sounds in little are not separate phonemes since they may be transposed without changing meaning
[C20: via French from Greek phōnēma sound, speech]

pho•neme

(ˈfoʊ nim)

n.
any of the minimal units of speech sound in a language that can serve to distinguish one word from another: The (p) of pit and the (b) of bit are considered two different phonemes, while the unaspirated (p) of spin and the aspirated (p) of pin are not. Compare allophone.
[1890–95; < French phonème < Greek phṓnēma sound <phōneîn to make a sound (derivative of phonḗ sound, voice)]

phoneme

- A word for a hallucination in which voices are heard.
See also related terms for heard.

phoneme

Any of the speech sounds in a language that convey a difference in meaning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phoneme - (linguistics) one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language
linguistics - the scientific study of language
speech sound, phone, sound - (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
allophone - (linguistics) any of various acoustically different forms of the same phoneme
Translations
häälik
foneemi
fonem
fonéma
foneem
fonem

phoneme

[ˈfəʊniːm] Nfonema m

phoneme

[ˈfəʊniːm] nphonème mphone number nnuméro m de téléphonephone tap nécoute f téléphonique
He assured them that ministers were not subjected to phone taps → Il leur a assuré que les ministres n'étaient pas placés sous écoute téléphonique.phone tapping nécoutes fpl téléphoniques

phoneme

nPhonem nt

phoneme

[ˈfəʊniːm] n (Ling) → fonema m
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to impact young learners' literacy development in a positive way, we must first solidify early childhood educators' knowledge about syllable, morpheme, and phoneme identification through teacher training and professional development opportunities.
It received seven out of seven "demonstrates sufficient evidence to meet the basic standard" ratings on nonsense word fluency and phoneme segmentation measures and six out of seven such ratings on two additional measures after a review by the National Center on Student Progress Monitoring.
Picture-cued oral phoneme tasks consisted of the following components: bilabial ("Pick up a .
Fortunately, there exists a substantial body of research that predicts prereaders' later reading success with phoneme awareness.
any variance in the duration of a single phone is compensated in the adjacent phones and so the temporal sequence of articulation must be organised at levels higher than phoneme, e.
That kind of communication - clear and crisp, easy to hear every syllable and phoneme - is still possible but only, it seems, with a good old-fashioned land line.
Non-literate adult learners perform very poorly on traditional PA tasks such as phoneme deletion or substitution (Liberman, Rubin, Duques, & Carlisle, 1985; Lukatela, Carello, Shankweiler & Liberman, 1995; Morias, Bertelson, Cary & Alegria, 1986).
As Goswami (2000) states: "Agreement on the importance of phoneme awareness for reading development is universal.
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in language that is capable of conveying a distinction in meaning, such as the b in bat and the m in mat .
Searches using phoneme pattern matching are executed on all words and phrases including blended words, proper names, slang, code words, nonstandard grammar patterns and ad-hoc use of different languages.
In this article, the author summarizes the research on children's concept of word, relates this phenomenon to beginning readers' developing phoneme awareness, and describes a set of instructional recommendations that teachers can use to help emergent readers take their first steps into contextual reading.
A total of 152 kindergartners completed pre- and posttests measuring knowledge of vocabulary in the alphabet books, letter names, phonetic cue reading, and phoneme identities.