phosphorylate


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phos·pho·ryl·ate

 (fŏs′fər-ə-lāt′)
tr.v. phos·pho·ryl·at·ed, phos·pho·ryl·at·ing, phos·pho·ryl·ates
To add a phosphate group to (an organic molecule).

phos′pho·ryl·a′tion n.
phos′pho·ryl·a′tive adj.

phosphorylate

(fɒsˈfɒrɪˌleɪt)
vb (tr)
(Chemistry) chem to cause or go through phosphorylation

phos•pho•ryl•ate

(ˈfɒs fər əˌleɪt, fɒsˈfɔr ə-, -ˈfɒr-)

v.t. -at•ed, -at•ing.
to introduce the trivalent group =P=O into an organic compound.
phos`pho•ryl•a′tion, n.
References in periodicals archive ?
phosphorylate and inhibit the canonical IKK-complex to prevent the hyper-activation of NF?
In conclusion, we have shown that glycation with MP through the Maillard reaction and subsequent phosphorylation by dry-heating in the presence of pyrophosphate was more effective than phosphorylation alone to phosphorylate the EWP.
All IFN[alpha]s and IFN[beta] bind to the same receptor and as a result, the cytoplasmic kinases JAK1 and TYK2 become activated and phosphorylate the STAT1 and STAT2 molecules.
The research team also found that the marrow-derived brain cells were well integrated in their neural environment and had the ability to phosphorylate the transcription factor CREB, a component of a major signal transduction pathway in neurons.
The dearth of 19 kDa forms of stathmin in placenta may suggest that placental enzymes actively phosphorylate stathmin.
The presence of alkalizing agents in the medium surrounding the mitochondrion breaks the electrostatic bonds between HK II and the mitochondrion, disrupting the immediate receipt of ATP and the ability of HK II to phosphorylate glucose (an absolute requirement for glucose transport)
The researchers examined the neurological impact of two enzymes that phosphorylate eIF2alpha, kinases termed PERK and GCN2, in different populations of AD model mice - all of which expressed genetic mutations akin to those carried by humans with AD.
Phosphorylation of kinase-1 happens faster than phosphatase can reverse it, and kinase-1 starts to phosphorylate and activate other kinase-1 molecules.
Scientists have identified enzymes that acetylate, deacetylate, phosphorylate, dephosphorylate, and methylate histones.
Consistent with these results, CGA was found to phosphorylate AMPK and ACC, consistent with the result of increased AMPK activities.
In this study, we showed that a variety of protein kinases including PKC[alpha], PKA, CaMKII, and ERK1/2 phosphorylate the recombinantly expressed N-terminal tail of DAT (N-DAT) in vitro.

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