phosphorylation


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

phos·pho·ryl·ate

 (fŏs′fər-ə-lāt′)
tr.v. phos·pho·ryl·at·ed, phos·pho·ryl·at·ing, phos·pho·ryl·ates
To add a phosphate group to (an organic molecule).

phos′pho·ryl·a′tion n.
phos′pho·ryl·a′tive adj.

phosphorylation

(ˌfɒsfərɪˈleɪʃən)
n
(Chemistry) the chemical or enzymic introduction into a compound of a phosphoryl group (a trivalent radical of phosphorus and oxygen)
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies indicate that ion channel activity is dependent on the phosphorylation status of the channel, and that tyrosine phosphorylation, in lieu of serine or threonine phosphorylation, is essential in regulating channel activity (20,21).
By means of yeast two hybrid, isothermal titration calorimetry, circular dichroism, confocal microscopy and pull-down assays we have demonstrated the interaction between Claudin-3 and the PDZ domain of nNOS and proposed tyrosine phosphorylation as a binding regulation mechanism.
In contrast to normal differentiated cells, which rely primarily on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to generate the energy needed for cellular processes, most cancer cells instead rely on aerobic glycolysis.
Results: The results showed for the first time that marein significantly stimulates the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) and enhanced the translocation of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) to the plasma membrane.
The research team, led by Professor Yoshiaki Ito, Senior Principal Investigator at CSI Singapore, found that a modification called phosphorylation made to RUNX3 promotes cancer progression by allowing cell division.
The main signaling network activated by oxidants and other DNA breakage-inducing agents is initiated by ATM kinase, which regulates phosphorylation of more than 1,000 proteins, including stress-sensitive transcription factors, and consequently orchestrates changes in all major cellular processes, such as DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, gene expression, cell cycle, cell death, metabolism, and others (Ditch and Paull 2012; Shiloh and Ziv 2013).
In addition, by inducing expression of the regulatory protein SOCS 3, Ang II may inhibit insulin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS1 and IRS2 and [Ser473] phosphorylation of AKT, as a consequence, impairing the transduction of insulin signals in the JAK2/STAT-5b pathway [5, 6].
Phosphorylation at tyrosine 216 increases the activity, whereas phosphorylation at serine 9 significantly decreases the enzymatic activity of GSK-3[beta] [7].
The primary findings were that "Sustamine altered immediately post exercise the phosphorylation state of signaling proteins in a manner that theoretically should reduce muscle protein breakdown, while whey protein accelerated the phosphorylation of proteins in the mTOR-dependent signaling pathway thereby theoretically activating muscle protein synthesis.
Background: The phosphorylation of p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) represents an important target for sensitive detection on pharmacodynamic effects of sirolimus, but the methods of assessing p70S6K phosphorylation are still unclear.
8 October 2014 - US diagnostics products maker PerkinElmer (NYSE:PKI) said Tuesday it had introduced its AlphaLISA SureFire Ultra assays, intended to cut assay time by up to 50% and enhance the protein phosphorylation detection process, which is vital for getting more accurate results in biotherapeutic drug discovery research.
In particular the phosphorylation of p65 subunit at serine 276 phosphorylation regulates the expression of different types of genes including vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1) and Interleukin-8(IL-8) which plays a crucial role in tumor-associated angiogenesis and metastasis.

Full browser ?