phratry

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Related to phratries: moieties, Lineages

phra·try

 (frā′trē)
n. pl. phra·tries
1. A kinship group constituting an intermediate division in the primitive structure of the Hellenic tribe or phyle, consisting of several patrilinear clans, and surviving in classical times as a territorial subdivision in the political and military organization of the Athenian state.
2. Anthropology An exogamous subdivision of the tribe, constituting two or more related clans.

[Greek phrātriā, from phrātēr, phrātr-, fellow member of a clan; see bhrāter- in Indo-European roots.]

phra′tric adj.

phratry

(ˈfreɪtrɪ)
n, pl -tries
(Anthropology & Ethnology) anthropol a group of people within a tribe who have a common ancestor
[C19: from Greek phratria clan, from phratēr fellow clansman; compare Latin frāter brother]
ˈphratric adj

phra•try

(ˈfreɪ tri)

n., pl. -tries.
1. a grouping of clans or other social units within a tribe.
2. (in ancient Greece) a social group, based on real or fictional kinship, with corporate laws and a set of tutelary deities.
[1745–55; < Greek phrātría=phrātr-, s. of phrātḗr clansman (akin to brother) + -ia -y3]
phra′tric, phra′tral, adj.

phratry

1. a subdivision of an ancient Greek tribe or phyle.
2. a clan or other unit of a primitive tribe.
See also: Anthropology, Greece and Greeks, Society
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phratry - people descended from a common ancestorphratry - people descended from a common ancestor; "his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"
people - members of a family line; "his people have been farmers for generations"; "are your people still alive?"
homefolk - the people of your home locality (especially your own family); "he wrote his homefolk every day"
house - aristocratic family line; "the House of York"
dynasty - a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
gens, name - family based on male descent; "he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name"
blood line, bloodline, ancestry, lineage, pedigree, stemma, line of descent, parentage, blood, origin, descent, stock, line - the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
References in periodicals archive ?
Examining the literature it is possible to identify a group of studies that suggest a common presence of the care behavior among phratries.
The sun and moon bore sky beings, who founded the various phratries on earth (ibid.
Citizens in Athenian cultic democracy came of age and were socialized into their demes and phratries.
As soon as the families, the phratries, and the tribes had agreed to unite and have the same worship, they immediately founded the city as a sanctuary for this common worship, and thus the foundation of a city was always a religious act.
The role of the phratriai in the Apaturia and Thargelia festivals and in the cults of Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria, as well as details of the cultic activity of phratries and their subgroups, give some credence to the Aristotelian claim (Ath.
The analogy between community and family is true of a number of traditional groups, notably two of particular interest to George Sand: the religious congregations, with their Father-Founder, Father or Mother superior, brothers and sisters, and the nun as Christ's spouse; and the compagnonnages, with their mythic ancestors, their "old men" [Anciens], their "mothers" [meres], their rival phratries.
extended families") that may in turn be assembled in phratries (cf.
At this festival Athenian youth were officially admitted into the phratries, or Brotherhoods, an essential step on the way to Athenian citizenship.
5, were the children of foreign mothers and citizen fathers, and that the law on phratries recorded by Philokhoros (Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker, 328F35) belongs before 451 B.
Les phratries (moities) et les classes matrimoniales (sections ou sous-sections) sont assimilees par eux aux genres et aux especes de nos propres classifications, les etres humains et les especes totemiques associees sont repartis selon des rapports de difference et de ressemblance, ils <<se trouvent ainsi classes dans des cadres definis et qui s'emboitent les uns dans les autres>> (Durkheim et Mauss 1969: 169).