shunt

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Related to physiological shunt: physiological dead space, V/Q mismatch, venous admixture

shunt

 (shŭnt)
n.
1. The act or process of turning aside or moving to an alternate course.
2. A railroad switch.
3. Electricity A low-resistance connection between two points in an electric circuit that forms an alternative path for a portion of the current. Also called bypass.
4. Medicine A passage between two natural body channels, such as blood vessels, especially one created surgically to divert or permit flow from one pathway or region to another; a bypass.
v. shunt·ed, shunt·ing, shunts
v.tr.
1. To turn or move aside or onto another course: shunting traffic around an accident.
2. To evade by putting aside or ignoring: urgent problems that society can no longer shunt aside.
3. To switch (a train or car) from one track to another.
4. Electricity To provide or divert (current) by means of a shunt.
5. Medicine To divert or permit flow of (a body fluid) from one pathway or region to another by surgical means.
v.intr.
1. To move or turn aside.
2. Electricity To become diverted by means of a shunt. Used of a circuit.

[Middle English shunten, to flinch.]

shunt′er n.

shunt

(ʃʌnt)
vb
1. to turn or cause to turn to one side; move or be moved aside
2. (Railways) railways to transfer (rolling stock) from track to track
3. (Electronics) electronics to divert or be diverted through a shunt
4. (tr) to evade by putting off onto someone else
5. (Motor Racing) (tr) motor racing slang to crash (a car)
n
6. the act or an instance of shunting
7. (Railways) a railway point
8. (Electronics) electronics a low-resistance conductor connected in parallel across a device, circuit, or part of a circuit to provide an alternative path for a known fraction of the current
9. (Medicine) med a channel that bypasses the normal circulation of the blood: a congenital abnormality or surgically induced
10. (Automotive Engineering) informal Brit a collision which occurs when a vehicle runs into the back of the vehicle in front
[C13: perhaps from shunen to shun]

shunt

(ʃʌnt)

v.t.
1. to force or turn aside or out of the way.
2.
a. to divert (a part of an electrical current) by connecting a circuit element in parallel with another.
b. to place or furnish with a shunt.
3. to shift (railroad rolling stock) from one track to another; switch.
4. to divert (blood or other fluid) by means of a shunt.
v.i.
5. to turn to the side.
6. to move back and forth.
n.
7. the act of shunting; shift.
8. a conducting element bridged across part of an electrical circuit so as to establish a parallel, alternative path for a portion of the current.
9. a railroad switch.
10. a channel through which blood or other bodily fluid is diverted from its normal path by surgical reconstruction or by a synthetic tube.
[1175–1225; Middle English schunten to shy (of horses); obscurely akin to shun]
shunt′er, n.

shunt


Past participle: shunted
Gerund: shunting

Imperative
shunt
shunt
Present
I shunt
you shunt
he/she/it shunts
we shunt
you shunt
they shunt
Preterite
I shunted
you shunted
he/she/it shunted
we shunted
you shunted
they shunted
Present Continuous
I am shunting
you are shunting
he/she/it is shunting
we are shunting
you are shunting
they are shunting
Present Perfect
I have shunted
you have shunted
he/she/it has shunted
we have shunted
you have shunted
they have shunted
Past Continuous
I was shunting
you were shunting
he/she/it was shunting
we were shunting
you were shunting
they were shunting
Past Perfect
I had shunted
you had shunted
he/she/it had shunted
we had shunted
you had shunted
they had shunted
Future
I will shunt
you will shunt
he/she/it will shunt
we will shunt
you will shunt
they will shunt
Future Perfect
I will have shunted
you will have shunted
he/she/it will have shunted
we will have shunted
you will have shunted
they will have shunted
Future Continuous
I will be shunting
you will be shunting
he/she/it will be shunting
we will be shunting
you will be shunting
they will be shunting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shunting
you have been shunting
he/she/it has been shunting
we have been shunting
you have been shunting
they have been shunting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shunting
you will have been shunting
he/she/it will have been shunting
we will have been shunting
you will have been shunting
they will have been shunting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shunting
you had been shunting
he/she/it had been shunting
we had been shunting
you had been shunting
they had been shunting
Conditional
I would shunt
you would shunt
he/she/it would shunt
we would shunt
you would shunt
they would shunt
Past Conditional
I would have shunted
you would have shunted
he/she/it would have shunted
we would have shunted
you would have shunted
they would have shunted

shunt

A bypass, often used by surgeons to divert blood supply around an obstacle or obstruction.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shunt - a passage by which a bodily fluid (especially blood) is diverted from one channel to another; "an arteriovenus shunt"
passageway, passage - a path or channel or duct through or along which something may pass; "the nasal passages"
bypass - a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part)
portacaval shunt - shunt that is created surgically between the portal vein and the inferior vena cava so that blood from the abdominal organs can bypass the liver
2.shunt - a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the currentshunt - a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current
circuit, electric circuit, electrical circuit - an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
conductor - a device designed to transmit electricity, heat, etc.
3.shunt - implant consisting of a tube made of plastic or rubber; for draining fluids within the body
implant - a prosthesis placed permanently in tissue
Verb1.shunt - transfer to another track, of trains
shift, transfer - move around; "transfer the packet from his trouser pockets to a pocket in his jacket"
2.shunt - provide with or divert by means of an electrical shunt
deviate - cause to turn away from a previous or expected course; "The river was deviated to prevent flooding"
Translations
conduit collecteurconduit collectifcourt-circuitershunt

shunt

[ʃʌnt]
A. VT
1. (Rail) → cambiar de vía, shuntar
2. (fig) to shunt sb aboutenviar a algn de acá para allá
the form was shunted about between different departmentsla solicitud fue enviada de departamento a departamento (sin que nadie la atendiese)
we were shunted about all daynos tuvieron dando vueltas todo el día
to shunt sb asideapartar a algn, relegar a algn a un puesto menos importante
he was shunted into retirementlograron con maña que se jubilase
B. VI to shunt to and frotrajinar de acá para allá

shunt

[ˈʃʌnt]
vt
(RAILWAYS) (= direct) → aiguiller
(= send) → expédier
He has spent most of his life being shunted between his mother and father
BUT Il a passé la plus grande partie de sa vie à être trimballé entre sa mère et son père.shunting yard nvoies fpl de garage, voies fpl de triage

shunt

nStoß m; (inf: = car crash) → Crash m (sl); they gave the wagon a shunt into the sidingsie schoben or rangierten den Waggon auf das Abstellgleis; to give something a shuntetw anstoßen, einer Sache (dat)einen Stoß geben
vt
(Rail) → rangieren, verschieben; they shunted the train off the main linesie schoben den Zug auf ein Nebengleis
(inf) personschieben; (out of the way) → abschieben; to shunt somebody from one place to anotherjdn herumschubsen (inf); our department then has to shunt the papers back for signingunsere Abteilung muss die Papiere dann zur Unterschrift zurückverfrachten (inf); they shunted him off to boarding schoolsie schoben ihn ins Internat ab
(inf, = crash) careinen Unfall bauen mit (inf)
vi (Rail, train) → rangiert or verschoben werden; (person)rangieren; a line of trucks shunted pasteine Reihe Güterwagen schob sich vorbei

shunt

[ʃʌnt]
1. vt (Rail) (direct) → smistare; (divert) → deviare (fig) (from one place to another) → spostare
2. vi to shunt to and frofare la spola

shunt

n. desviación, derivación, shunt;
low-flow ___derivación de flujo lento;
v. desviar, derivar.
References in periodicals archive ?
This patient does not appear to have an increased physiological shunt but rather hypoxemia secondary to simple hypoventilation.

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