phytotoxin


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phytotoxin

(ˌfaɪtəʊˈtɒksɪn)
n
(Chemistry) a toxin, such as strychnine, that is produced by a plant. Compare zootoxin
ˌphytoˈtoxic adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phytotoxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin
nicotine - an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
strychnine - an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
brucine - a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
hemlock - poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Conium; "Socrates refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock"
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
mycotoxin - a toxin produced by a fungus
curare, tubocurarine - a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles; "curare acts by blocking cholinergic transmission at the myoneural junction"
References in periodicals archive ?
Virulence in Pst DC3000 is known to require the type ill secretion system and its effectors, as well as the phytotoxin coronatine.
Duke SO, Vaughn KC, Croom EM and HN Elsohly Artemisinin, a constituent of annual wormwood (Artemisia annua), is a selective phytotoxin.
This mycotoxin, classified as a phytotoxin, is produced by Fusarium moniliforme which is a common infector of corn (Smith and MacDonald, 1991).
Yessotoxin, a novel phytotoxin, activates phosphodiesterase activity: effect of yessotoxin on cAMP levels in human lymphocytes.
Other subjects are weed control in maize with atrazine and its soil residual activity on the growth and yield of amaranth in southwestern Nigeria, evaluation of glyphosate-based paraquat mixtures for weed control in oil palm, weed management with fungal phytotoxin, and weed control in cabbage cultivation using oryzalin herbicide and hoeing technology.
The study highlights the persistence of the photo-degraded phytotoxin, particularly potent in the exotic species of the plant, and its enhanced effects against the native species of Phragmites, which is becoming increasingly endangered in the United States.
6-8) Plant poisonings produce a variety of clinical signs based on the toxic chemicals in the phytotoxin.
GABA has also been discussed as a phytotoxin with the possibility of reducing insect predation.
9 hornbills (0) moorishly 12 lymphangitic (1) staphyloncus 10 munitioned (2) phytotoxin 11 bicorporeal (3) uncolorably 8 dram shop (4) moldwarp 12 lantern-jawed (5) veratralbine 10 unscalably (6) unshuffled 12 processioner (7) spectroscopy 9 staghound (8) tubaphone 13 extravagating (9) vice-principal 9 scrubbing (10) whipbirds 9 ridgewise (11) Scotch egg 12 philarchaist (12) well adjusted 11 albumenizes (11) albumenizes 9 handcraft (14) unwalking 9 blockages (15) meadowink 11 overcheaply (16) unrepliably 10 coeminency (17) discommode 10 adnexopexy (18) untrounced 10 bargepoles (19) rhabdosome 12 prelatically (20) triplicative 12 arithmograph (21) dumbfounding 11 unretrieved (22) cranberries 12 lexicologist (23) soliloquized 9 fitting up (24) skippered 9 Huygenian (25) squallery
Johns (1989) concluded that the Andean clays might thus be employed to bind the bitter phytotoxin, solanine, in potatoes into an insoluble precipitate, rendering the tubers palatable.
Plasticity in Phytotoxin Production by Ailanthus altissima Across a U.
Our earlier investigations over three consecutive years (2002-2005) proved that these outbreaks were due to a fatal multi-system disease (hepatomyoencephalopathy syndrome) probably caused by some phytotoxin and not due to viral encephalitis as believed so far.