phytotoxin


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phytotoxin

(ˌfaɪtəʊˈtɒksɪn)
n
(Chemistry) a toxin, such as strychnine, that is produced by a plant. Compare zootoxin
ˌphytoˈtoxic adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phytotoxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin
nicotine - an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
strychnine - an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
brucine - a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
hemlock - poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Conium; "Socrates refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock"
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
mycotoxin - a toxin produced by a fungus
curare, tubocurarine - a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles; "curare acts by blocking cholinergic transmission at the myoneural junction"
References in periodicals archive ?
De Vay, production and purification of syringomycin, a phytotoxin produced by pseudomonas syringae.
Reduction in solanapyrone phytotoxin production by Ascochyta rabiei transformed with Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
The Phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria brassicicola: Phytotoxin production and phytoalexin elicitation.
Singh GM, Fortin PD, Koglin A, Walsh CT (2008): Hydroxylation of the aspartyl residue in the phytotoxin syringomycin E: Characterization of two candidate hydroxylases AspH and SyrP in Pseudomonas syringae.
Synthesis and toxicity evaluation of cinnamyl acetate: a new phytotoxin produced by a strain of Verticillium dahliae pathogenic on olive tree.
Virulence in Pst DC3000 is known to require the type ill secretion system and its effectors, as well as the phytotoxin coronatine.
55% seed germination indices for the composted substrates D and B, respectively, indicated conversion of the wastes into value added phytotoxin free fertilizer, which can escalate the agricultural output.
Widespread insect immunity to the phytotoxin ouabain, for instance, is due to extensive transport away from sensitive [Na.
Duke SO, Vaughn KC, Croom EM and HN Elsohly Artemisinin, a constituent of annual wormwood (Artemisia annua), is a selective phytotoxin.
This mycotoxin, classified as a phytotoxin, is produced by Fusarium moniliforme which is a common infector of corn (Smith and MacDonald, 1991).
Yessotoxin, a novel phytotoxin, activates phosphodiesterase activity: effect of yessotoxin on cAMP levels in human lymphocytes.