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A simplified form of speech that is usually a mixture of two or more languages, has a rudimentary grammar and vocabulary, is used for communication between groups speaking different languages, and is not spoken as a first or native language. Also called contact language.

pidg′in·i·za′tion n.
pidg′in·ize′ v.


(ˌpɪdʒɪnaɪˈzeɪʃən) or


(Linguistics) the process when a language becomes made up of elements of two or more other languages and used for contacts, esp trading contacts, between the speakers of other languages
References in periodicals archive ?
Pidginization and Creolization: The Case of Arabic.
Pidginization of Portuguese along the border settlements of Portuguese colonization and indigenous Brazilian areas; 3.
Versteegh, Pidginization and Creolization: The Case of Arabic (Amsterdam 1984), 21, 79.
The developmental trajectory of head-marking and polysynthetic languages is often seen as a one-way street, with ever-more complex morphology developing typological "sinks"--structures that can only be disassembled by catastrophic processes like pidginization (see Lee [1987] for an example involving another polysynthetic Australian language, Tiwi).
Spanglish, if it is anything, is a popular term for a sociolinguistic phenomenon that specialists analyze in terms of lingua franca, pidginization, and papiamentos.