piezoelectricity


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Related to piezoelectricity: piezoelectric effect

pi·e·zo·e·lec·tric·i·ty

 (pē-ā′zō-ĭ-lĕk-trĭs′ĭ-tē, pī-ē′-)
n.
The generation of electricity or of electric polarity in dielectric crystals subjected to mechanical stress, or the generation of stress in such crystals subjected to an applied voltage.

pi·e′zo·e·lec′tric, pi·e′zo·e·lec′tri·cal adj.
pi·e′zo·e·lec′tri·cal·ly adv.

pi•e•zo•e•lec•tric•i•ty

(paɪˌi zoʊ ɪ lɛkˈtrɪs ɪ ti, -ˌi lɛk-, piˌeɪ zoʊ-)

n.
electricity or electric polarity produced in certain nonconducting crystals, as quartz, when subjected to pressure or strain.
[1890–95; < Greek piéz(ein) to press + -o- + electricity]
pi•e`zo•e•lec′tric (-ɪˈlɛk trɪk) adj.
pi•e`zo•e•lec′tri•cal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.piezoelectricity - electricity produced by mechanical pressure on certain crystals (notably quartz or Rochelle salt); alternatively, electrostatic stress produces a change in the linear dimensions of the crystal
electricity - a physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The webinar will cover the nature of piezoelectricity, the different types of piezoceramic materials, constitutive equations, properties of piezoceramic materials at high field, and how piezoceramic materials are affected by temperature variations.
Piezoelectricity (pressure electricity) was discovered in 1880 [1], while carrying out studies on effect of pressure on the generation of electrical charge by crystals such as quartz, tourmaline, and Rochelle salt.
Other properties of PVDF include good color retention, strong piezoelectricity, and gloss.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian researchers at Semnan University, Central Iran, have designed and built a telescopic hiking stick generating electricity, using multi-layer piezoelectricity, an official at the university said.
developed a helical chiral polymer such as polylactic acid with a weight-average molecular weight of 50,000-1,000,000, optical activity, and 20-80% crystallinity, showing enhanced piezoelectricity.
Some intrinsic properties, such as piezoresistivity, piezoelectricity, or thermoelectricity of the component, determine the actuation or sensing ability of MEMS (At toh-Okine 2003).
A preliminary study by researchers at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor tested an energy-harvesting device that uses piezoelectricity -- electrical charge generated from motion.
In a preliminary study, researchers tested an energy-harvesting device that uses piezoelectricity - electrical charge generated from motion.
By alternately inserting positive and negative electrodes between PLLA and PDLA films, which exhibit piezoelectricity motion in opposite directions when exposed to electric fields of the same direction, the piezoelectricity motion can be aligned in the same direction.
The piezoelectricity in such a material may be due to several effects, thus research into the mechanism of piezoelectricity and the enhancement of activity by new forming and poling processes and synthetic methods is still required [4].
Some material that first appeared in the 2000 revised first edition is included here, as well as new topics such as piezoelectricity, groups, subgroups and supergroups, liquid crystals, incommensurate materials and the structure of foamed and amorphous materials, and martensitic transformation in nickel-titanium shape-memory alloys and zirconia ceramics.
Interest in piezoelectricity of polymers arose in the second half of the 20th Century when Kawai claimed that poled thin films of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) exhibited a large piezoelectric coefficient.