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 (pĭth′ĭ-kăn′thrə-pəs, -kăn-thrō′pəs)
An extinct hominin known from fossil remains discovered in Java in 1891 and originally designated Pithecanthropus erectus because it was thought to represent a species evolutionarily intermediate between humans and nonhuman apes. Pithecanthropus is now classified as Homo erectus. It is sometimes referred to as Java man.

[New Latin Pithēcanthrōpus, former genus name : Greek pithēkos, ape + Greek anthrōpos, human being.]

pith′e·can·throp′ic (-kən-thrŏp′ĭk) adj.
pith′e·can′thro·pine (-kăn′thrə-pīn′) adj.


(ˌpɪθɪkænˈθrəʊpəs; -ˈkænθrə-)
n, pl -pi (-ˌpaɪ)
(Anthropology & Ethnology) any primitive apelike man of the former genus Pithecanthropus, now included in the genus Homo. See Java man, Peking man
[C19: New Latin, from Greek pithēkos ape + anthrōpos man]
ˌpitheˈcanthroˌpine, ˌpitheˈcanthroˌpoid adj


(ˌpɪθ ɪˈkæn θrə pəs, -kənˈθroʊ pəs)

a former genus of extinct hominids whose members have now been assigned to the proposed species Homo erectus.
[< New Latin (1891) < Greek píthēk(os) ape + ánthrōpos man]


A type of primitive human being.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pithecanthropus - former genus of primitive apelike men now Homo erectusPithecanthropus - former genus of primitive apelike men now Homo erectus
hominid - a primate of the family Hominidae
References in periodicals archive ?
The most famous of these is, of course, Conan Doyle's The Lost World, first published in 1912, and featuring Professor Challenger's expedition to South America, and the rescue of a local tribe from primitive, Pithecanthropine Neanderthal (or Piltdown) ape-men.
Despite the overwhelming lack of palaeoanthropological fieldwork outside of Europe and the complete lack of an australopithecine or pithecanthropine grade fossil record within it, he suggested that because `the archaeological evidence of man's antiquity in Europe is more extensive and complete than for any other continent .