pituitary gland


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to pituitary gland: hypothalamus, pineal gland, thyroid gland

pituitary gland

n.
A small oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation. Also called hypophysis, pituitary body.

pituitary gland

or

pituitary body

n
(Anatomy) the master endocrine gland, attached by a stalk to the base of the brain. Its two lobes (the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis) secrete hormones affecting skeletal growth, development of the sex glands, and the functioning of the other endocrine glands. Also called: hypophysis or hypophysis cerebri See also adenohypophysis, neurohypophysis

pitu′itary gland`


n.
a small, somewhat cherry-shaped double-lobed structure attached to the base of the brain, constituting the master endocrine gland affecting all hormonal functions of the body. Compare anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary.
[1605–15]

pi·tu·i·tar·y gland

(pĭ-to͞o′ĭ-tĕr′ē)
A gland at the base of the brain in vertebrate animals that regulates the function of most of the body's hormone-producing glands and organs, including the thyroid and adrenal glands. The pituitary gland also controls overall body growth.

pituitary gland

(or hypophysis) A two-part endocrine gland on the sphenoid bone in the skull. It controls other endocrine glands.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine systempituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
hypophyseal stalk - the funnel-shaped stalk connecting the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
adenohypophysis, anterior pituitary, anterior pituitary gland - the anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
neurohypophysis, pars nervosa, posterior pituitary, posterior pituitary gland - the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
betweenbrain, diencephalon, interbrain, thalmencephalon - the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
Translations
hypofýzapodvěsek mozkový
aivolisäke
heiladingull
hypofyse

pi·tu·i·tar·y gland

n. glándula pituitaria. V.: hypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
3] (the form of TH that regulates cellular metabolism)--as well as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is released from the pituitary gland and stimulates production of TH.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is made in the pituitary gland and circulates in the body, pumps up production of thyroid hormone, an important regulator of metabolism.
Anyone with a pituitary gland disorder is welcome, as are family and friends, and refreshments will be available at the bar.
Now Bryant's basketball pituitary gland is on overdrive, and his latest burst of maturity has the Lakers ready to sweep the San Antonio Spurs and head back to the NBA Finals with a record-tying 11-0 playoff record.
A young Emirati woman has given birth to a healthy baby after being successfully treated for a rare hormonal disease, which required the removal of a tumour from her pituitary gland.
The researchers said that ibuprofen lowered the men's natural level of testosterone and that the pituitary gland had to kick up production of another hormone to increase testosterone.
At our Hospital, surgical treatment of pituitary gland tumors was initiated by first operation performed by Dr Aleksandar Blaskovic using Schloffer's method in 1922.
In turn, ACTH stimulates the adrenal gland to produce Cortisol, which then acts on the pituitary gland to halt the growth of ACTH-producing cells, effectively suppressing any tumor development.
It's the pituitary gland, divided into front and back portions - anterior and posterior.
The jab is designed to lower sperm counts by acting on the brain's pituitary gland.