Yersinia pestis

(redirected from plague bacillus)
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Noun1.Yersinia pestis - a bacillus bacterium that causes the plague; aerosolized bacteria can be used as a bioweapon
B, bacillus - aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
References in periodicals archive ?
As for the second and third pandemic, the original sources of the plague bacillus were in Asia.
Yersinia pestis, the plague bacillus, was discovered in 1894 independently by Kitasato Shibasaburo (1853-1931), who was a student of Koch then working in Japan, and Alexandre Yersin (1863-1943), a Swiss-born bacteriologist from the Pasteur Institute, who had worked with both Pasteur and Koch (3).
In the face of threats of bioterrorism, a more virulent bio-engineered variant of the plague bacillus could be introduced into natural foci.
Anderson deceitfully informed readers that: "no plague-ridden ships had arrived in San Francisco, no focus of infection had ever been discovered, no diagnosis of a living case had been made, and the alleged identification of the plague bacillus may have been the result of bacteriological incompetence" [qu.
He knew what those jubilant crowds did not know could have learned from books: that the plague bacillus never dies or disappears for good; that it can lie dormant for years in furniture and linen chests; that it bides its time in bedrooms, cellars, trunks, and bookshelves; and that perhaps the day would come when, for the bane and enlightening of man, it would rouse up its rats again and send them forth to die in a happy city.
Rats and humans are the most sensitive to the plague bacillus.
Up to 90 per cent of the rodents here carry antibodies to the plague bacillus.
Experts say terrorists would most likely use plague bacillus, variola virus or arsenic in such attacks.