Yersinia pestis

(redirected from plague bacillus)
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Noun1.Yersinia pestis - a bacillus bacterium that causes the plague; aerosolized bacteria can be used as a bioweapon
B, bacillus - aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
References in periodicals archive ?
Through the introduction of dry heat, both the elimination of the plague bacillus (Yersinia pestis) and its vectors (the fleas) were guaranteed (30).
As for the second and third pandemic, the original sources of the plague bacillus were in Asia.
Yersinia pestis, the plague bacillus, was discovered in 1894 independently by Kitasato Shibasaburo (1853-1931), who was a student of Koch then working in Japan, and Alexandre Yersin (1863-1943), a Swiss-born bacteriologist from the Pasteur Institute, who had worked with both Pasteur and Koch (3).
In the face of threats of bioterrorism, a more virulent bio-engineered variant of the plague bacillus could be introduced into natural foci.
Anderson deceitfully informed readers that: "no plague-ridden ships had arrived in San Francisco, no focus of infection had ever been discovered, no diagnosis of a living case had been made, and the alleged identification of the plague bacillus may have been the result of bacteriological incompetence" [qu.
The literature has been quite inconsistent in crediting Yersin or Kitasato with the discovery of the plague bacillus (16).