plane


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Related to plane: plain

plane 1

 (plān)
n.
1. Mathematics A surface containing all the straight lines that connect any two points on it.
2. A flat or level surface.
3. A level of development, existence, or achievement: scholarship on a high plane.
4. An airplane or hydroplane.
5. A supporting surface of an airplane; an airfoil or wing.
adj.
1. Mathematics Of or being a figure lying in a plane: a plane curve.
2. Flat; level. See Synonyms at level.

[Latin plānum, flat surface, from neuter of plānus, flat; see pelə- in Indo-European roots. N., sense 4, short for aeroplane.]

plane′ness n.

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plane2
carpentry plane

plane 2

 (plān)
n.
1. A carpenter's tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing and leveling wood.
2. A trowel-shaped tool for smoothing the surface of clay, sand, or plaster in a mold.
v. planed, plan·ing, planes
v.tr.
1. To smooth or finish with a plane: planed the door.
2. To remove with a plane: plane off the rough edges on a board.
v.intr.
To work with a plane.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin plāna, from plānāre, to plane, from plānus, flat; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

plane 3

 (plān)
intr.v. planed, plan·ing, planes
1. To rise partly out of the water, as a hydroplane does at high speeds.
2. To soar or glide.
3. To travel by airplane.

[Middle English planen, to glide, soar, from Old French planer, from plain, flat, level; see plain.]

plane 4

 (plān)
n.
The plane tree.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin platanus, from Greek platanos, perhaps from platus, broad; see plat- in Indo-European roots.]

plane

(pleɪn)
n
1. (Mathematics) maths a flat surface in which a straight line joining any two of its points lies entirely on that surface
2. a flat or level surface
3. a level of existence, performance, attainment, etc
4. (Aeronautics)
a. short for aeroplane
b. a wing or supporting surface of an aircraft or hydroplane
adj
5. level or flat
6. (Mathematics) maths (of a curve, figure, etc) lying entirely in one plane
vb (intr)
7. to fly without moving wings or using engines; glide
8. (Nautical Terms) (of a boat) to rise partly and skim over the water when moving at a certain speed
9. to travel by aeroplane
[C17: from Latin plānum level surface]
ˈplaneness n

plane

(pleɪn)
n
1. (Tools) a tool with an adjustable sharpened steel blade set obliquely in a wooden or iron body, for levelling or smoothing timber surfaces, cutting mouldings or grooves, etc
2. (Tools) a flat tool, usually metal, for smoothing the surface of clay or plaster in a mould
vb (tr)
3. (Tools) to level, smooth, or cut (timber, wooden articles, etc) using a plane or similar tool
4. (Tools) (often foll by off) to remove using a plane
[C14: via Old French from Late Latin plāna plane, from plānāre to level]

plane

(pleɪn)
n
(Plants) See plane tree

plane1

(pleɪn)

n., adj., v. planed, plan•ing. n.
1. a flat or level surface.
2. Geom. a surface generated by a straight line moving at a constant velocity with respect to a fixed point.
3. an area of a two-dimensional surface having determinate extension and spatial direction or position: horizontal plane.
4. a level of dignity, character, or the like: a high moral plane.
5. Aeron.
a. an airplane or a hydroplane.
b. a thin, flat or curved, extended section of an airplane or a hydroplane, affording a supporting surface.
adj.
6. flat or level, as a surface.
7. of or pertaining to planes or plane figures.
v.i.
8. to glide or soar.
9. (of a boat) to rise partly out of the water when moving at high speed.
10. Informal. to fly or travel in an airplane.
[1400–50; (n., adj.) < Latin plānum flat surface, plānus flat; (v.) late Middle English planen (of a bird) to soar (compare Middle French planer); (definitions 5,10,11) shortening of aeroplane, airplane, or hydroplane]

plane2

(pleɪn)

n., v. planed, plan•ing. n.
1. any of various woodworking instruments for paring, truing, or smoothing, or for forming moldings, chamfers, etc., by means of an inclined, adjustable blade moved along and against the piece being worked.
v.t.
2. to smooth or dress with or as if with a plane or a planer.
3. to remove by or as if by means of a plane (usu. fol. by away or off).
v.i.
4. to work with a plane.
5. to function as a plane.
[1275–1325; (n.) Middle English (< Middle French) < Late Latin plāna, derivative of plānāre to smooth, derivative of Latin plānus plain1; (v.) Middle English planen (< Middle French planer) < Late Latin plānāre]

plane3

(pleɪn)

n.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Latin platanus < Greek plátanos, derivative of platýs broad, flat1 (with reference to the leaves)]

plane

(plān)
Noun
A two-dimensional surface, any two of whose points can be joined by a straight line that lies entirely in the surface.
Adjective
Lying in a plane: a plane curve.

plane


Past participle: planed
Gerund: planing

Imperative
plane
plane
Present
I plane
you plane
he/she/it planes
we plane
you plane
they plane
Preterite
I planed
you planed
he/she/it planed
we planed
you planed
they planed
Present Continuous
I am planing
you are planing
he/she/it is planing
we are planing
you are planing
they are planing
Present Perfect
I have planed
you have planed
he/she/it has planed
we have planed
you have planed
they have planed
Past Continuous
I was planing
you were planing
he/she/it was planing
we were planing
you were planing
they were planing
Past Perfect
I had planed
you had planed
he/she/it had planed
we had planed
you had planed
they had planed
Future
I will plane
you will plane
he/she/it will plane
we will plane
you will plane
they will plane
Future Perfect
I will have planed
you will have planed
he/she/it will have planed
we will have planed
you will have planed
they will have planed
Future Continuous
I will be planing
you will be planing
he/she/it will be planing
we will be planing
you will be planing
they will be planing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been planing
you have been planing
he/she/it has been planing
we have been planing
you have been planing
they have been planing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been planing
you will have been planing
he/she/it will have been planing
we will have been planing
you will have been planing
they will have been planing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been planing
you had been planing
he/she/it had been planing
we had been planing
you had been planing
they had been planing
Conditional
I would plane
you would plane
he/she/it would plane
we would plane
you would plane
they would plane
Past Conditional
I would have planed
you would have planed
he/she/it would have planed
we would have planed
you would have planed
they would have planed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plane - an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jetsplane - an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets; "the flight was delayed due to trouble with the airplane"
circumnavigation - traveling around something (by ship or plane); "Magellan's circumnavigation of the earth proved that it is a globe"
accelerator, accelerator pedal, gas pedal, throttle, gas, gun - a pedal that controls the throttle valve; "he stepped on the gas"
airliner - a commercial airplane that carries passengers
amphibious aircraft, amphibian - an airplane designed to take off and land on water
biplane - old fashioned airplane; has two wings one above the other
bomber - a military aircraft that drops bombs during flight
defroster, deicer - heater that removes ice or frost (as from a windshield or a refrigerator or the wings of an airplane)
delta wing - an airplane with wings that give it the appearance of an isosceles triangle
escape hatch - hatchway that provides a means of escape in an emergency
attack aircraft, fighter aircraft, fighter - a high-speed military or naval airplane designed to destroy enemy aircraft in the air
fuselage - the central body of an airplane that is designed to accommodate the crew and passengers (or cargo)
hangar queen - an airplane with a bad maintenance record
heavier-than-air craft - a non-buoyant aircraft that requires a source of power to hold it aloft and to propel it
cowl, cowling, bonnet, hood - protective covering consisting of a metal part that covers the engine; "there are powerful engines under the hoods of new cars"; "the mechanic removed the cowling in order to repair the plane's engine"
dip circle, inclinometer - a measuring instrument for measuring the angle of magnetic dip (as from an airplane)
jet, jet plane, jet-propelled plane - an airplane powered by one or more jet engines
landing gear - an undercarriage that supports the weight of the plane when it is on the ground
monoplane - an airplane with a single wing
multiengine airplane, multiengine plane - a plane with two or more engines
navigation light - light on an airplane that indicates the plane's position and orientation; red light on the left (port) wing tip and green light on the right (starboard) wing tip
fuel pod, pod - a detachable container of fuel on an airplane
propeller plane - an airplane that is driven by a propeller
radar dome, radome - a housing for a radar antenna; transparent to radio waves
reconnaissance plane - a military airplane used to gain information about an enemy
roll-on roll-off - a method of transport (as a ferry or train or plane) that vehicles roll onto at the beginning and roll off of at the destination
hydroplane, seaplane - an airplane that can land on or take off from water; "the designer of marine aircraft demonstrated his newest hydroplane"
ski-plane - an airplane equipped with skis so it can land on a snowfield
tanker plane - an airplane constructed to transport chemicals that can be dropped in order to fight a forest fire
windscreen, windshield - transparent screen (as of glass) to protect occupants of a vehicle
wing - one of the horizontal airfoils on either side of the fuselage of an airplane
log - a written record of events on a voyage (of a ship or plane)
seat, place - a space reserved for sitting (as in a theater or on a train or airplane); "he booked their seats in advance"; "he sat in someone else's place"
highjacker, hijacker - someone who uses force to take over a vehicle (especially an airplane) in order to reach an alternative destination
passenger, rider - a traveler riding in a vehicle (a boat or bus or car or plane or train etc) who is not operating it
drift - the gradual departure from an intended course due to external influences (as a ship or plane)
leeway - (of a ship or plane) sideways drift
atomic number 22, Ti, titanium - a light strong grey lustrous corrosion-resistant metallic element used in strong lightweight alloys (as for airplane parts); the main sources are rutile and ilmenite
prang - crash
hunt - yaw back and forth about a flight path; "the plane's nose yawed"
astern - (of a ship or an airplane) behind; "we dropped her astern on the end of a seven-inch manilla, and she laid comfortably on the ebb tide"
2.plane - (mathematics) an unbounded two-dimensional shape; "we will refer to the plane of the graph as the X-Y plane"; "any line joining two points on a plane lies wholly on that plane"
shape, form - the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance; "geometry is the mathematical science of shape"
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
Cartesian plane - a plane in which all points can be described in Cartesian coordinates
facet plane - the plane of a facet of an object (as of a cube)
midline, midplane - the median plane of the body (or some part of the body)
orbital plane - (astronomy) the plane on which a body is orbiting
picture plane - the plane that is in the foreground of a drawing or painting; coextensive with but different from the objective surface of the work
tangent plane - the plane that contains all the lines tangent to a specific point on a surface
3.plane - a level of existence or development; "he lived on a worldly plane"
degree, stage, level, point - a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; "a remarkable degree of frankness"; "at what stage are the social sciences?"
4.plane - a power tool for smoothing or shaping woodplane - a power tool for smoothing or shaping wood
power tool - a tool driven by a motor
5.plane - a carpenter's hand tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing or shaping woodplane - a carpenter's hand tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing or shaping wood; "the cabinetmaker used a plane for the finish work"
beading plane - a plane with a concave blade for making moulding with beadwork
block plane - a small plane used on end grains of wood
bullnose, bullnosed plane - a small carpenter's plane with the cutting edge near the front
chamfer plane - a plane that makes a beveled edge
circular plane, compass plane - a plane with a flexible face that can plane concave or convex surfaces
combination plane - a woodworking plane that has interchangeable cutters of various shapes
dovetail plane - a woodworking plane designed to make the grooves for dovetail joints
edge tool - any cutting tool with a sharp cutting edge (as a chisel or knife or plane or gouge)
fore plane - a carpenter's plane intermediate between a jack plane and a jointer plane
hand tool - a tool used with workers' hands
jack plane - a carpenter's plane for rough finishing
jointer, jointer plane, jointing plane, long plane - a long carpenter's plane used to shape the edges of boards so they will fit together
match plane, tonguing and grooving plane - a plane having cutters designed to make the tongues and grooves on the edges of matchboards
openside plane, rabbet plane - a woodworking plane designed to cut rabbets
router plane - a woodworking plane with a narrow cutting head that will make grooves with smooth bottoms
scrub plane - a narrow woodworking plane used to cut away excess stock
smooth plane, smoothing plane - a small plane for finish work
spokeshave - a small plane that has a handle on each side of its blade; used for shaping or smoothing cylindrical wooden surfaces (originally wheel spokes)
Verb1.plane - cut or remove with or as if with a plane; "The machine shaved off fine layers from the piece of wood"
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
2.plane - travel on the surface of water
glide - move smoothly and effortlessly
aquaplane - ride on an aquaplane
aquaplane - rise up onto a thin film of water between the tires and road so that there is no more contact with the road; "the car aquaplaned"
3.plane - make even or smooth, with or as with a carpenter's plane; "plane the top of the door"
smooth, smoothen - make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing; "smooth the surface of the wood"
Adj.1.plane - having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another; "a flat desk"; "acres of level farmland"; "a plane surface"; "skirts sewn with fine flat seams"
even - being level or straight or regular and without variation as e.g. in shape or texture; or being in the same plane or at the same height as something else (i.e. even with); "an even application of varnish"; "an even floor"; "the road was not very even"; "the picture is even with the window"

plane

noun
1. aeroplane, aircraft, jet, airliner, jumbo jet He had plenty of time to catch his plane.
2. flat surface, the flat, horizontal, level surface a building with angled planes
3. level, position, stage, footing, condition, standard, degree, rung, stratum, echelon life on a higher plane of existence
adjective
verb
1. skim, sail, skate, glide The boats planed across the lake with the greatest of ease.

plane 1

adjective
Having no irregularities, roughness, or indentations:

plane 2

verb
To make even, smooth, or level:
Translations
سَطْحٌ مُسْتَوٍسَطْح مُسْتَوٍصِنّار، شَجْرَة الدُّلْبطَائِرَةطائِرَه
hoblíkletadloplachtitplatanplocha
flyhøvlplanplatanstade
höylälentokonetasoliitääliukua
blanjaravninarendestrugzrakoplov
gyalu
flugvélhefillheflalíîa eftir vatnsfletiplatanviîur
かんな平面飛行機
대패비행기평면
ēveleēvelētlidmašīnalīmenisplakne
hoblíkplatanrovina
letalo
rendestrug
flygplanhyvelplanplan ytaplana
ndege
เครื่องบินกบไสไม้พื้นราบ
bằngbằng phẳngbàocái bàomặt

plane

[pleɪn]
A. N
1. (= aeroplane, airplane) → avión m
to go by planeir en avión
to send goods by planeenviar mercancías por avión
2. (Art, Math, Constr) → plano m
vertical/horizontal planeplano m vertical/horizontal
3. (fig) → nivel m
he seems to exist on another planeparece vivir en otro nivel or en una esfera distinta
on the ideological planeen el plano ideológico
she tried to lift the conversation onto a higher planetrató de llevar la conversación a un nivel más elevado
4. (= tool, small) → cepillo m (de carpintero); (= large) → garlopa f
5. (Bot) (also plane tree) → plátano m
B. ADJ (Geom) → plano
a plane surfaceuna superficie plana
C. VTcepillar
to plane sth downcepillar or desbastar algo
D. VI [bird, glider] → planear; [boat, car] → deslizarse
E. CPD plane crash Naccidente m de avión
plane geometry Ngeometría f plana
plane ticket Nbillete m or pasaje m de avión

plane

[ˈpleɪn]
n
(= aeroplane) → avion m
by plane → en avion
(also plane tree) → platane m
(= tool) → rabot m
(ARCHITECTURE, ART, MATHEMATICS)plan m
(= level) → niveau m
a higher plane of existence → un niveau supérieur de l'existence
adj
(= level, flat) [surface] → plan(e)
(MATHEMATICS) [curve, figure] → plan(e) plane geometry
vt
(with tool)raboterplane crash naccident m d'avionplane geometry ngéométrie f planeplane journey nvoyage m en avion

plane

1
n (also plane tree)Platane f

plane

2
adjeben (also Math); surface alsoplan
n
(Math) → Ebene f
(= aeroplane)Flugzeug nt; to go by plane, to take a planefliegen
(= tool)Hobel m
(fig)Ebene f; (intellectual) → Niveau nt; (= social plane)Schicht f; he lives on a different planeer lebt in anderen Sphären; a higher plane of consciousnesseine höhere Bewusstseinsebene
vthobeln; to plane something downetw abhobeln, etw glatt hobeln
vi (bird, glider, speedboat) → gleiten

plane

1 [pleɪn] naereo

plane

2 [pleɪn]
1. adj (Geom) → piano/a
2. n
a. (Art, Math) → piano
b. (fig) → piano, livello

plane

3 [pleɪn]
1. n (tool) → pialla
2. vt (also plane down) → piallare
to plane sth smooth → levigare qc con la pialla

plane

4 [pleɪn] n (tree) → platano
London plane → platano di Londra

plane

5 [pleɪn] vi (bird, glider, boat) → planare

plane1

(plein) noun
1. an aeroplane.
2. a level or standard. Man is on a higher plane (of development) than the apes.
3. in geometry, a flat surface.
verb
to move smoothly over the surface (of water etc).

plane2

(plein) noun
a carpenter's tool for making a level or smooth surface.
verb
to make (a surface) level, smooth or lower by using a plane.

plane3

(plein) noun
a type of tree with broad leaves.

plane

سَطْحٌ مُسْتَوٍ, طَائِرَة, مَنْجَر hoblík, letadlo, rovina fly, høvl, plan Ebene, Flugzeug, Hobel αεροπλάνο, επίπεδη επιφάνεια, πλάνη avión, cepillo de carpintero, plano höylä, lentokone, taso avion, plan, rabot blanja, ravnina, zrakoplov aeroplano, pialla, piano かんな, 平面, 飛行機 대패, 비행기, 평면 schaaf, vlak, vliegtuig flate, fly, høvel hebel, płaszczyzna, samolot avião, plaina, plano плоскость, рубанок, самолет flygplan, hyvel, plan yta เครื่องบิน, กบไสไม้, พื้นราบ düzlem, rende, uçak cái bào, mặt phẳng, máy bay 刨子, 平面, 飞机

plane

n. plano.
superficie lisa y plana;
superficie relativamente lisa formada por un corte imaginario o un corte real a través de una parte del cuerpo;
axial ______ axial;
coronal ______ coronal, frontal;
sagittal ______ sagital.

plane

n plano
References in classic literature ?
All afternoon, wherever one went in the house, one could hear the panting wheeze of the saw or the pleasant purring of the plane.
My hands are hardened with too much use of axe, saw, and plane, --else I might help you
But wait a bit, Skrimshander; I've got a carpenter's plane there in the bar --wait, I say, and I'll make ye snug enough.
You observe that in the ordinary swimming position of the Sperm Whale, the front of his head presents an almost wholly vertical plane to the water; you observe that the lower part of that front slopes considerably backwards, so as to furnish more of a retreat for the long socket which receives the boom-like lower jaw; you observe that the mouth is entirely under the head, much in the same way, indeed, as though your own mouth were entirely under your chin.
The method of operation of the higher intelligences was Tom Finnegan's theme, and he desired to find out if Jurgis had ever considered that the representation of things in their present similarity might be altogether unintelligible upon a more elevated plane.
A path, on the principle of an inclined plane, turns round and round the building like a screw, and gives access to the different stories, intersecting each of them in its turn, and thus gradually rising to the top of the wall of the tower.
Arrested by a whispering above, she paused in the doorway, and looked up the stairs along a broad smooth handrail that swept round in an unbroken curve at each landing, forming an inclined plane from the top to the bottom of the house.
When the stone is put parallel to the plane of the horizon, the island stands still; for in that case the extremities of it, being at equal distance from the earth, act with equal force, the one in drawing downwards, the other in pushing upwards, and consequently no motion can ensue.
Suppose a person of the Fourth Dimension, condescending to visit you, were to say, 'Whenever you open your eyes, you see a Plane (which is of Two Dimensions) and you INFER a Solid (which is of Three); but in reality you also see
Why, oh, why will you not learn to live in amity with your fellows, must you ever go on down the ages to your final extinction but little above the plane of the dumb brutes that serve you
His head is what you call in plane with the horizon.
And not only did the Martians either not know of (which is incredible), or abstain from, the wheel, but in their apparatus singularly little use is made of the fixed pivot or relatively fixed pivot, with circular motions thereabout confined to one plane.