planets


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Related to planets: solar system, List of planets

Planets


the point in the orbit of a heavenly body where it is farthest from the sun. See also perihelion.
apolune.
the farthest point in an orbit from the body being orbited.
the farthest point from the moon in a lunar orbit, as that of a spacecraft. Also called apocynthion.
the study of the physical features of the planet Mars.
Archaic. a description of the surface markings of the sun or a planet. — celidographer, n.
the branch of biology that studies life beyond the earth’s atmosphere, as on other planets. — exobiologist, n.
the highest point a planet or other orbiting heavenly body reaches in its orbit. — meridian, meridional, adj.
the process of one heavenly body disappearing behind another as viewed by an observer.
perilune.
the closest point in an orbit to the body being orbited.
the point in the orbit of a heavenly body where it is nearest the sun. Also called perihelium. See also aphelion.
perihelion.
the closest point to the moon in a lunar orbit, as that of a spacecraft. Also called pericynthion.
1. a representation of the planetary system, particularly one in which the movements of the planets are simulated by projectors.
2. a room or building housing such an apparatus.
Astronomy. any of thousands of small celestial bodies that revolve about the sun in orbits chiefly between those of Mars and Jupiter ranging in diameter from one mile to 480 miles. Also called asteroids, minor planets. — planetoidal, adj.
the study and description of Jupiter. — zenographical, adj.

planets

The eight major bodies, apart from Earth, which move around the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. It is an astrological convention to also include the Sun and the Moon when speaking of the planets, making ten astrological planets in all.
Translations
References in classic literature ?
As Queequeg's Ramadan, or Fasting and Humiliation, was to continue all day, I did not choose to disturb him till towards night-fall; for I cherish the greatest respect towards everybody's religious obligations, never mind how comical, and could not find it in my heart to undervalue even a congregation of ants worshipping a toad-stool; or those other creatures in certain parts of our earth, who with a degree of footmanism quite unprecedented in other planets, bow down before the torso of a deceased landed proprietor merely on account of the inordinate possessions yet owned and rented in his name.
thou hast seen enough to split the planets and make an infidel of Abraham, and not one syllable is thine
Marija would about as soon have expected to see the sun shut down--the huge establishment had been to her a thing akin to the planets and the seasons.
So long as the planets shall continue to move in their orbits, the BATTLE OF THE SAND-BELT will not perish out of the memories of men.
Jeremiah, and Billings and Buddha walk together, side by side, right behind a crowd from planets not in our astronomy; next come a dozen or two from Jupiter and other worlds; next come Daniel, and Sakka and Confucius; next a lot from systems outside of ours; next come Ezekiel, and Mahomet, Zoroaster, and a knife-grinder from ancient Egypt; then there is a long string, and after them, away down toward the bottom, come Shakespeare and Homer, and a shoemaker named Marais, from the back settlements of France.
Night was come, and her planets were risen: a safe, still night: too serene for the companionship of fear.
For if, in its perihelion, it should approach within a certain degree of the sun (as by their calculations they have reason to dread) it will receive a degree of heat ten thousand times more intense than that of red hot glowing iron, and in its absence from the sun, carry a blazing tail ten hundred thousand and fourteen miles long, through which, if the earth should pass at the distance of one hundred thousand miles from the nucleus, or main body of the comet, it must in its passage be set on fire, and reduced to ashes: that the sun, daily spending its rays without any nutriment to supply them, will at last be wholly consumed and annihilated; which must be attended with the destruction of this earth, and of all the planets that receive their light from it.
Malignant planets, cruel destiny, Pursued them both, the fair Manchegan dame, And the unconquered star of chivalry.
Thereafter, I showed how the greatest part of the matter of this chaos must, in accordance with these laws, dispose and arrange itself in such a way as to present the appearance of heavens; how in the meantime some of its parts must compose an earth and some planets and comets, and others a sun and fixed stars.
But people, unfamiliar with such speculations as those of the younger Darwin, forget that the planets must ultimately fall back one by one into the parent body.
He pointed out to me how unlikely it was that organic evolution had taken the same direction in the two adjacent planets.
It is for this reason that a quietism is to be found in Chinese poetry ill appealing to the unrest of our day, and as dissimilar to our ideals of existence as the life of the planets is to that of the dark bodies whirling aimlessly through space.