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Related to planing: planning, root planing

plane 1

1. Mathematics A surface containing all the straight lines that connect any two points on it.
2. A flat or level surface.
3. A level of development, existence, or achievement: scholarship on a high plane.
4. An airplane or hydroplane.
5. A supporting surface of an airplane; an airfoil or wing.
1. Mathematics Of or being a figure lying in a plane: a plane curve.
2. Flat; level. See Synonyms at level.

[Latin plānum, flat surface, from neuter of plānus, flat; see pelə- in Indo-European roots. N., sense 4, short for aeroplane.]

plane′ness n.

plane 2

1. A carpenter's tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing and leveling wood.
2. A trowel-shaped tool for smoothing the surface of clay, sand, or plaster in a mold.
v. planed, plan·ing, planes
1. To smooth or finish with a plane: planed the door.
2. To remove with a plane: plane off the rough edges on a board.
To work with a plane.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin plāna, from plānāre, to plane, from plānus, flat; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

plane 3

intr.v. planed, plan·ing, planes
1. To rise partly out of the water, as a hydroplane does at high speeds.
2. To soar or glide.
3. To travel by airplane.

[Middle English planen, to glide, soar, from Old French planer, from plain, flat, level; see plain.]

plane 4

The plane tree.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin platanus, from Greek platanos, perhaps from platus, broad; see plat- in Indo-European roots.]
References in classic literature ?
The workmen all looked up; Jim Salt, a burly, red-haired man known as Sandy Jim, paused from his planing, and Adam said to Seth, with a sharp glance of surprise, "What
said Sandy Jim, who had paused from his planing to shift his planks while Adam was speaking; "that's the best sarmunt I've heared this long while.
Jack planes are longer (12" to 15") and heavier than smooth planes, have more cutting capacity and are used for planing rough surfaces.