plaque

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Related to plaque assay: hemolytic plaque assay

plaque

 (plăk)
n.
1. A flat plate, slab, or disk that is ornamented or engraved for mounting, as on a wall for decoration or on a monument for information.
2. A small pin or brooch worn as an ornament or a badge of membership.
3. A scaly patch on a body part, especially the skin.
4. A biofilm of bacteria in a matrix of polysaccharides and other substances on the surface of a tooth or teeth.
5.
a. A deposit of fatty material on the inner lining of an arterial wall, characteristic of atherosclerosis.
b. The material that such a deposit is composed of.
6. A deposit consisting mainly of beta-amyloid and degenerating nerve tissue, found in the brain tissue of people with Alzheimer's disease.
7. A sharply defined zone of demyelination in the central nervous system characteristic of multiple sclerosis.
8. A clear, often round patch of lysed cells in an otherwise opaque layer of a bacteria or cell culture.

[French, from Middle French, metal plate, from plaquer, to apply (something such as gold or plaster) to a surface, from Middle Dutch placken, to coat, patch, paste; see placard.]

plaque

(plæk; plɑːk)
n
1. an ornamental or commemorative inscribed tablet or plate of porcelain, wood, etc
2. (Jewellery) a small flat brooch or badge, as of a club, etc
3. (Pathology) pathol any small abnormal patch on or within the body, such as the typical lesion of psoriasis
4. (Dentistry) short for dental plaque
5. (Microbiology) bacteriol a clear area within a bacterial or tissue culture caused by localized destruction of the cells by a bacteriophage or other virus
[C19: from French, from plaquier to plate, from Middle Dutch placken to beat (metal) into a thin plate]

plaque

(plæk)

n.
1. a thin, flat plate or tablet of metal, porcelain, etc., intended for ornament, as on a wall, or set in a piece of furniture.
2. an inscribed commemorative tablet, usu. of metal, placed on a building or monument.
3. a platelike brooch or ornament, esp. one worn as a badge.
4.
a. a flat, often raised patch on any external or internal body surface.
b. an abnormal hardened deposit on the inner wall of an artery.
5. a soft, sticky, whitish film formed on tooth surfaces, composed of bacteria, mucin, and other matter.
6. a clear area in a laboratory dish of a bacterial culture, indicating dead bacteria.
[1840–50; < French, n. derivative of plaquer to plate < Middle Dutch placken to patch; compare placket]

plaque

(plăk)
1. A film of mucus and bacteria on the surface of the teeth.
2. A deposit of fatty material on the inner lining of an artery wall, characteristic of atherosclerosis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plaque - (pathology) a small abnormal patch on or inside the bodyplaque - (pathology) a small abnormal patch on or inside the body
maculation, patch, speckle, dapple, fleck, spot - a small contrasting part of something; "a bald spot"; "a leopard's spots"; "a patch of clouds"; "patches of thin ice"; "a fleck of red"
amyloid plaque, amyloid protein plaque - a plaque consisting of tangles of amyloid protein in nervous tissue (a pathological mark of Alzheimer's disease)
arterial plaque - a fatty deposit inside an arterial wall; characteristic of atherosclerosis
bacterial plaque, dental plaque - a film of mucus and bacteria deposited on the teeth that encourages the development of dental caries
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
2.plaque - a memorial made of brassplaque - a memorial made of brass    
monument, memorial - a structure erected to commemorate persons or events

plaque

noun plate, panel, medal, tablet, badge, slab, brooch, medallion, cartouch(e) Her Majesty unveiled a commemorative plaque.
Translations
صَحْنٌ فُخّاري للزّينَهصَفيحَة مَعْدَنِيَّهلَوْحَةمادّةٌ راسِبَه على الأسْنان
deskapamětní deskaplaketapovlak
mindepladeplakplatte
laatta
plaketa
falidíszplakk
postulínsplattitannsÿkla; tannsteinnveggskjöldur
記念銘板
현판
dantų akmuodekoratyvinė lėkštėlentelė
dekoratīva plāksnīte/šķīvisplāksnezobakmens
plaketa
skylt
แผ่นเหล็กหรือหินสลัก
diş kireçlenmesiduvar süsülevhaplaketplâket
tấm biển

plaque

[plæk] N (= plate) → placa f; (on teeth) → sarro m, placa f (dental)

plaque

[ˈplɑːk] n
(on wall)plaque f
a commemorative plaque → une plaque commémorative
(on teeth)plaque f dentaire

plaque

n
Plakette f; (on building etc) → Tafel f
(Med) → Belag m; (on teeth) → (Zahn)belag m

plaque

[plæk] n (on building) → placca, targa; (on teeth) → placca batterica

plaque

(plaːk) , ((American) plak) noun
1. a plate of metal etc fixed to a wall etc as a memorial. His name was inscribed on a brass plaque.
2. a china etc ornament for fixing on the wall.
3. a deposit of saliva and bacteria which forms on the teeth.

plaque

لَوْحَة pamětní deska mindeplade Gedenktafel πλάκα placa laatta plaque plaketa placca 記念銘板 현판 gedenkplaat plakett plakietka placa comemorativa памятная доска skylt แผ่นเหล็กหรือหินสลัก plaket tấm biển 匾额

plaque

, placque
n. placa; plaqueta.
cualquier superficie de la piel o membrana mucosa;
plaqueta sanguínea.

plaque

n placa; atherosclerotic — placa aterosclerótica; bacterial — placa bacteriana; dental — placa dental
References in periodicals archive ?
Viable infectious recombinant AcSINV-3 virus particles were detected through plaque assay in Sf21 cells using standard procedures and stained using neutral red.
cholerae O1 were used as potential indicator strains to detect and isolate classical biotype specific phage from environmental water using the plaque assay, as described previously (2,11).
Before the lab, 90% of the students had performed a serial dilution before but only 50% were comfortable with the concept and with calculating the experimental results of a plaque assay.
A sampling of topics from the first volume: bacteriophage enrichment from water and soil, isolation of phage via induction of lysogens, enumeration of bacteriophages by double agar overlay plaque assay, basic phage electron microscopy, construction of phage mutants, generalized transduction, and preparation and characterization of anti-phage serum.
Our RT-PCR methods have also detected BCRV in sera of Cliff Swallows during the summer nesting season, including samples confirmed by both RT-PCR and plaque assay on Vero ceils (V.
For ozone experiments, the virus titers were determined by plaque assay, and the virus suspension was stored at 4[degree]C within 24 hours.
Aliquots were processed for standard plaque assay and DNA isolation (Qiagen QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit).
In the "proof of concept" clinical trial (also referred to as Small Plaque Assay or Microplaque Assay), 100 micronL of ATL1101 cream will be applied to areas of patients' skin, once every two days, over a one-month period.
A range of bacteriophage surrogates of mammalian viruses was employed (see Table 1) and efficacy was assessed by comparing the initial and final viral titres on the surfaces using a plaque assay technique.
Virus replication was quantified by real-time reverse transcription PCR (MERS-CoV upE assay) (10) and by plaque assay in Vero cells to confirm the production of infectious virus particles.
After 48 h at 37[degrees]C, infected cells were harvested with 3 freeze-and-thaw cycles, and cellular debris were removed with low-speed centrifugation, and virus titer was measured by standard plaque assay (Killington and Powell, 1991).