plaster


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Related to plaster: gypsum plaster

plas·ter

 (plăs′tər)
n.
1. A mixture of lime or gypsum, sand, and water, sometimes with fiber added, that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls and ceilings.
2. Plaster of Paris.
3. A pastelike mixture applied to a part of the body for healing or cosmetic purposes.
4. Chiefly British An adhesive bandage.
v. plas·tered, plas·ter·ing, plas·ters
v.tr.
1. To cover, coat, or repair with plaster.
2. To cover or hide with or as if with a coat of plaster: plastered over our differences.
3. To apply a plaster to: plaster an aching muscle.
4.
a. To cover conspicuously, as with things pasted on; overspread: plaster the walls with advertising.
b. To affix conspicuously, usually with a paste: plaster notices on all the doors.
5. To make smooth by applying a sticky substance: plaster one's hair with pomade.
6. To make adhere to another surface: "His hair was plastered to his forehead" (William Golding).
7. Informal
a. To inflict heavy damage or injury on.
b. To defeat decisively.
v.intr.
To apply plaster.

[Middle English, from Old English, medical dressing, and from Old French plastre, cementing material, both from Latin emplastrum, medical dressing, from Greek emplastron, from emplassein, to plaster on : en-, in, on; see en-2 + plassein, to mold; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

plas′ter·er n.
plas′ter·y adj.

plaster

(ˈplɑːstə)
n
1. (Building) a mixture of lime, sand, and water, sometimes stiffened with hair or other fibres, that is applied to the surface of a wall or ceiling as a soft paste that hardens when dry
2. (Medicine) Brit and Austral and NZ an adhesive strip of material, usually medicated, for dressing a cut, wound, etc
3. (Medicine) short for mustard plaster, plaster of Paris
vb
4. (Building) to coat (a wall, ceiling, etc) with plaster
5. (tr) to apply like plaster: she plastered make-up on her face.
6. (tr) to cause to lie flat or to adhere
7. (Medicine) (tr) to apply a plaster cast to
8. (tr) slang to strike or defeat with great force
[Old English, from Medieval Latin plastrum medicinal salve, building plaster, via Latin from Greek emplastron curative dressing, from em- + plassein to form]
ˈplasterer n
ˈplastery adj

plas•ter

(ˈplæs tər, ˈplɑ stər)

n.
1. a composition, as of lime or gypsum, sand, and water, applied in a pasty form to walls, ceilings, etc., and allowed to harden and dry.
2. powdered gypsum.
4. a solid or semisolid preparation spread upon cloth or other material and applied to the body, esp. for some healing purpose.
v.t.
5. to cover, fill, or daub with plaster.
6. to treat with gypsum or plaster of Paris.
7. to lay flat (often fol. by down): to plaster one's hair down.
8. to apply a plaster to (the body, a wound, etc.).
9. to overspread with something, esp. thickly or excessively: to plaster a wall with posters.
10. Informal.
a. to defeat decisively.
b. to knock down or injure.
c. to inflict serious damage on, as by bombing.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English < Medieval Latin plastrum, aph. variant of Latin emplastrum < Greek émplastron salve, alter. of émplaston, neuter of émplastos daubed; see em-2, -plast]
plas′ter•er, n.
plas′ter•y, adj.

plaster

  • drywall, plasterboard - Drywall is a building material made of a sheet of plaster covered with heavy paper on both sides; it is also called plasterboard.
  • gypsum - From Semitic, a relative or ancestor of Arabic jibs and Hebrew gephes, "plaster."
  • plaster of Paris - So called because it is prepared from the gypsum of Paris, France.
  • trullization - Laying on plaster with a trowel.

plaster


Past participle: plastered
Gerund: plastering

Imperative
plaster
plaster
Present
I plaster
you plaster
he/she/it plasters
we plaster
you plaster
they plaster
Preterite
I plastered
you plastered
he/she/it plastered
we plastered
you plastered
they plastered
Present Continuous
I am plastering
you are plastering
he/she/it is plastering
we are plastering
you are plastering
they are plastering
Present Perfect
I have plastered
you have plastered
he/she/it has plastered
we have plastered
you have plastered
they have plastered
Past Continuous
I was plastering
you were plastering
he/she/it was plastering
we were plastering
you were plastering
they were plastering
Past Perfect
I had plastered
you had plastered
he/she/it had plastered
we had plastered
you had plastered
they had plastered
Future
I will plaster
you will plaster
he/she/it will plaster
we will plaster
you will plaster
they will plaster
Future Perfect
I will have plastered
you will have plastered
he/she/it will have plastered
we will have plastered
you will have plastered
they will have plastered
Future Continuous
I will be plastering
you will be plastering
he/she/it will be plastering
we will be plastering
you will be plastering
they will be plastering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been plastering
you have been plastering
he/she/it has been plastering
we have been plastering
you have been plastering
they have been plastering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been plastering
you will have been plastering
he/she/it will have been plastering
we will have been plastering
you will have been plastering
they will have been plastering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been plastering
you had been plastering
he/she/it had been plastering
we had been plastering
you had been plastering
they had been plastering
Conditional
I would plaster
you would plaster
he/she/it would plaster
we would plaster
you would plaster
they would plaster
Past Conditional
I would have plastered
you would have plastered
he/she/it would have plastered
we would have plastered
you would have plastered
they would have plastered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plaster - a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and waterplaster - a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and water; hardens into a smooth solid; used to cover walls and ceilings
finish coat, finishing coat - the final coating of plaster applied to walls and ceilings; "we can't paint until they put on the finishing coat"
mixture - (chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not in fixed proportions and not with chemical bonding)
covering material - a material used by builders to cover surfaces
grout - a thin mortar that can be poured and used to fill cracks in masonry or brickwork
parget, pargeting, pargetting - plaster used to coat outer walls and line chimneys
roughcast - a coarse plaster for the surface of external walls
spackle, spackling compound - powder (containing gypsum plaster and glue) that when mixed with water forms a plastic paste used to fill cracks and holes in plaster
stucco - a plaster now made mostly from Portland cement and sand and lime; applied while soft to cover exterior walls or surfaces
2.plaster - any of several gypsum cements; a white powder (a form of calcium sulphate) that forms a paste when mixed with water and hardens into a solid; used in making molds and sculptures and casts for broken limbs
gesso - gypsum or plaster of Paris spread on a surface to make it suitable for painting or gilding (or a surface so prepared)
gypsum - a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
calcium sulfate, calcium sulphate - a white salt (CaSO4)
3.plaster - a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation etc.plaster - a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation etc.
medical dressing, dressing - a cloth covering for a wound or sore
mustard plaster, sinapism - a plaster containing powdered black mustard; applied to the skin as a counterirritant or rubefacient
4.plaster - a surface of hardened plaster (as on a wall or ceiling)plaster - a surface of hardened plaster (as on a wall or ceiling); "there were cracks in the plaster"
pargetry, pargetting, pargeting - ornamental plasterwork
surface - the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary; "there is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
5.plaster - adhesive tape used in dressing woundsplaster - adhesive tape used in dressing wounds
adhesive tape - tape coated with adhesive
court plaster - a plaster composed of isinglass on silk; formerly used to dress superficial wounds
Verb1.plaster - apply a heavy coat to
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
2.plaster - cover conspicuously or thickly, as by pasting something onplaster - cover conspicuously or thickly, as by pasting something on; "The demonstrators plastered the hallways with posters"; "She let the walls of the apartment be beplastered with stucco"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
plaster - affix conspicuously; "She plastered warnings all over the wall"
3.plaster - affix conspicuously; "She plastered warnings all over the wall"
affix, stick on - attach to; "affix the seal here"
beplaster, plaster - cover conspicuously or thickly, as by pasting something on; "The demonstrators plastered the hallways with posters"; "She let the walls of the apartment be beplastered with stucco"
4.plaster - apply a plaster cast to; "plaster the broken arm"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
5.plaster - coat with plaster; "daub the wall"
masonry - the craft of a mason
coat, surface - put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface; "coat the cake with chocolate"
daub - apply to a surface; "daub paint onto the wall"
render-set - cover with two coats of plaster; "render-set the walls so they'll look nice and smooth"
parget - apply ornamental plaster to
roughcast - apply roughcast to; "roughcast a wall"
mud - plaster with mud
mortar - plaster with mortar; "mortar the wall"
6.plaster - dress by covering with a therapeutic substance
practice of medicine, medicine - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; "he studied medicine at Harvard"
dress - apply a bandage or medication to; "dress the victim's wounds"

plaster

noun
1. mortar, stucco, gypsum, plaster of Paris, gesso a sculpture in plaster by Rodin
2. bandage, dressing, sticking plaster, Elastoplast (trademark), adhesive plaster Put a piece of plaster on the graze.
verb
1. cover, spread, coat, smear, overlay, daub, besmear, bedaub She gets sunburn even when she plasters herself in lotion.

plaster

verb
To spread with a greasy, sticky, or dirty substance:
Translations
جِبْسجِصجِصّلُصوق، لَزْقَهمُشَمَّع لَصوق
sádranáplastomítkaomítnoutsádrový
gipsplasterpudsesalvesmøre
laastarilaasti
flasteržbuka
bevakolgipszrákentapaszvakolat
gifsmaka, smyrjamúrhúîmúrhúîaplástur
漆喰絆創膏
반창고회반죽
gipsasgipsinisgipsuotiištinkuotiplastikas
apmestapmetumsģipsisplāksterisuztriept
omietkaomietnuťsadrasadrový
mavecobližomet
murbrukplåster
ปูนปลาสเตอร์พลาสเตอร์ปิดแผล
alçıyara bandıkaplamakplâstersıva
băng dính y tếvữa

plaster

[ˈplɑːstəʳ]
A. N
1. (Constr) → yeso m; (= layer on wall) → enlucido m
2. (Med) (for broken limb) → escayola f, yeso m (LAm)
with his leg in plastercon la pierna escayolada or (LAm) enyesada
3. (Brit) (= sticking plaster) → esparadrapo m, tirita f, curita f (LAm)
4. plaster of Parisyeso m mate
B. VT
1. (Constr) → enyesar; [+ wall] → enyesar, enlucir
to plaster over a holellenar or tapar un hoyo con yeso
2. (= cover) → cubrir, llenar
to plaster a wall with posterscubrir or llenar una pared de carteles
the children came back plastered with mudlos niños volvieron cubiertos de lodo
3. (= stick) → pegar
to plaster posters on a wallpegar carteles en una pared
the story was plastered all over the front pageel reportaje llenaba toda la primera plana
C. CPD [model, statue] → de yeso
plaster cast N (Med) → escayola f, enyesado m (LAm); (= model, statue) → vaciado m de yeso

plaster

[ˈplɑːstər]
n
(CONSTRUCTION)plâtre m
(MEDICINE)plâtre m
Her leg is in plaster → Elle a la jambe dans le plâtre.
(ART)plâtre m
a sculpture in plaster by Rodin → une sculpture de Rodin en plâtre
(British) (also sticking plaster) → pansement m
Have you got a plaster, by any chance? → Vous n'auriez pas un pansement, par hasard?
vt
(CONSTRUCTION)plâtrer
(= cover) → couvrir
to plaster sth with sth → couvrir qch de qch
The room had been plastered with posters → La pièce avait été couverte d'affiches.
My boots and trousers were plastered with mud → Mes bottes et mon pantalon étaient couverts de boue.
the story was plastered all over the newspapers → l'histoire s'étalait dans tous les journaux
to plaster o.s. in sun lotion → s'enduire de crème solaire
plaster down
vt sep [hair] → plaquer
his hair was plastered down to his scalp by the rain → la pluie avait plaqué ses cheveux sur son crâne

plaster

n
(Build) → (Ver)putz m
(Art, Med: also plaster of Paris) → Gips m; (Brit Med: = plaster cast) → Gipsverband m; to have one’s leg in plasterdas Bein in Gips haben
(Brit: = sticking plaster) → Pflaster nt
vt
(Build) wallverputzen; to plaster over a holeein Loch zugipsen
(inf: = cover) → vollkleistern; to plaster a wall with posterseine Wand mit Plakaten vollkleistern or bepflastern (inf); his picture was plastered all over the newspaperssein Bild war in allen Zeitungen; to plaster one’s face with make-upsein Gesicht mit Make-up vollkleistern (inf); plastered with mudschlammbedeckt; he plastered down his wet hair with his handser klatschte sich das nasse Haar mit den Händen an

plaster

:
plaster bandage
n (Med) → Gipsbinde f
plasterboard
nGipskarton (→ platten pl) m; a sheet of plastereine Gipskartonplatte
plaster cast
n (= model, statue)Gipsform f; (of footprint etc)Gipsabdruck m; (Med) → Gipsverband m

plaster

[ˈplɑːstəʳ]
1. n
a. (Constr) → intonaco
b. (Med) → gesso
with his leg in plaster → con la gamba ingessata
c. (Brit) (also sticking plaster) → cerotto
2. vt
a. (Constr) → intonacare
b. (fam) (cover) → impiastricciare
to be plastered with (mud) → essere impiastricciato/a di
to plaster a wall with posters → tappezzare un muro di manifesti
c. (Med) → ingessare

plaster

(ˈplaːstə) noun
1. (also adjective) (of) a substance put on walls, ceilings etc which dries to form a hard smooth surface. He mixed up some plaster to repair the wall; a plaster ceiling.
2. (also adjective) (also plaster of Paris) (of) a similar quick-drying substance used for supporting broken limbs, making models etc. She's got her arm in plaster; a plaster model.
3. (also ˈsticking-plaster ; American Band-Aid) (a piece of) sticky tape (sometimes with a dressing) used to cover a wound etc. You should put a plaster on that cut.
verb
1. to put plaster on. They plastered the walls.
2. to spread or apply rather too thickly. She'd look nicer if she didn't plaster so much make-up on her face.
ˈplasterer noun
a person whose job is to put plaster on walls, ceilings etc.
plastic (ˈplӕstik) noun, adjective
(of) any of many chemically manufactured substances that can be moulded when still soft. This cup is made of plastic; a plastic cup.
adjective
easily made into different shapes.
plastic surgery surgery to repair or replace damaged skin, or to improve the appearance usually of the face ( noun plastic surgeon)

plaster

جِبْس, جِصّ náplast, sádra gips, plaster Pflaster, Putz γύψος, σοβάς curita, tirita, yeso laastari, laasti pansement, plâtre flaster, žbuka cerotto, intonaco 漆喰, 絆創膏 반창고, 회반죽 pleister, stucwerk mørtel, plaster plaster, tynk argamassa, penso rápido, reboco гипс, штукатурка murbruk, plåster ปูนปลาสเตอร์, พลาสเตอร์ปิดแผล alçı, yara bandı băng dính y tế, vữa 创可贴, 石膏

plas·ter

n. yeso, emplaste, molde;
___ castvendaje enyesado, tablilla de ___.

plaster

n (for a cast) yeso; (medicinal) emplasto, cataplasma
References in classic literature ?
To Jo I leave my breastpin, the one mended with sealing wax, also my bronze inkstand--she lost the cover--and my most precious plaster rabbit, because I am sorry I burned up her story.
As for the eight hundred dollars the dead woman had kept hidden so long and that was to give George Willard his start in the city, it lay in the tin box behind the plaster by the foot of his mother's bed.
Both rooms were plastered and whitewashed--the plaster laid directly upon the earth walls, as it used to be in dugouts.
Then the floor is scratched and gouged and splintered, the plaster itself is dug out here and there, and this great heavy bed which is all we found in the room, looks as if it had been through the wars.
Its whole visible exterior was ornamented with quaint figures, conceived in the grotesqueness of a Gothic fancy, and drawn or stamped in the glittering plaster, composed of lime, pebbles, and bits of glass, with which the woodwork of the walls was overspread.
In the second storey of the Custom-House there is a large room, in which the brick-work and naked rafters have never been covered with panelling and plaster.
The attic was also unfinished--the family had been figuring that in case of an emergency they could rent this attic, but they found that there was not even a floor, nothing but joists, and beneath them the lath and plaster of the ceiling below.
The woman opened to him the door of a little parlor, covered with a rag carpet, where stood a table with a very shining black oil-cloth, sundry lank, high-backed wood chairs, with some plaster images in resplendent colors on the mantel-shelf, above a very dimly-smoking grate; a long hard-wood settle extended its uneasy length by the chimney, and here Haley sat him down to meditate on the instability of human hopes and happiness in general.
He could not talk very well, because his opponent's sword had cut his under-lip in two, and then the surgeon had sewed it together and overlaid it with a profusion of white plaster patches; neither could he eat easily, still he contrived to accomplish a slow and troublesome luncheon while the last duel was preparing.
The chamber looked such a bright little place to me as the sun shone in between the gay blue chintz window curtains, showing papered walls and a carpeted floor, so unlike the bare planks and stained plaster of Lowood, that my spirits rose at the view.
The panels shrunk, the windows cracked; fragments of plaster fell out of the ceiling, and the naked laths were shown instead; but how all this was brought about, Scrooge knew no more than you do.
There were similar pillars on the opposite side, but between them, instead of windows, were arched niches in which stood life-size plaster statues, chipped, broken, and defaced in an extraordinary fashion.