plastic


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plas·tic

 (plăs′tĭk)
adj.
1. Capable of being shaped or formed: plastic material such as clay. See Synonyms at malleable.
2. Relating to or dealing with shaping or modeling: the plastic art of sculpture.
3. Having the qualities of sculpture; well-formed: "the astonishing plastic beauty of the chorus girls" (Frank Harris).
4. Giving form or shape to a substance: the plastic forces that create and wear down a mountain range.
5. Easily influenced; impressionable: "The plastic mind of the bank clerk had been ... distorted by what he had read" (Rudyard Kipling).
6. Made of a plastic or plastics: a plastic garden hose.
7. Physics Capable of undergoing continuous deformation without rupture or relaxation.
8. Biology
a. Capable of building tissue; formative.
b. Able to change and adapt, especially by acquiring alternative pathways for sensory perception or motor skills. Used of the central nervous system.
9. Marked by artificiality or superficiality: a plastic world of fad, hype, and sensation.
10. Informal Of or obtained by means of credit cards: plastic money.
n.
1. Any of various organic compounds produced by polymerization, capable of being molded, extruded, cast into various shapes and films, or drawn into filaments used as textile fibers.
2. Informal A credit card or credit cards: would accept cash or plastic in payment.

[Latin plasticus, from Greek plastikos, from plastos, molded, from plassein, to mold; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

plas′ti·cal·ly adv.
plas·tic′i·ty (-tĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

plastic

(ˈplæstɪk; ˈplɑːs-)
n
1. (Chemistry) any one of a large number of synthetic usually organic materials that have a polymeric structure and can be moulded when soft and then set, esp such a material in a finished state containing plasticizer, stabilizer, filler, pigments, etc. Plastics are classified as thermosetting (such as Bakelite) or thermoplastic (such as PVC) and are used in the manufacture of many articles and in coatings, artificial fibres, etc. Compare resin2
2. (Banking & Finance) short for plastic money
adj
3. made of plastic
4. easily influenced; impressionable: the plastic minds of children.
5. capable of being moulded or formed
6. (Art Terms) fine arts
a. of or relating to moulding or modelling: the plastic arts.
b. produced or apparently produced by moulding: the plastic draperies of Giotto's figures.
7. having the power to form or influence: the plastic forces of the imagination.
8. (Biology) biology of or relating to any formative process; able to change, develop, or grow: plastic tissues.
9. (Surgery) of or relating to plastic surgery
10. slang superficially attractive yet unoriginal or artificial: plastic food.
[C17: from Latin plasticus relating to moulding, from Greek plastikos, from plassein to form]
ˈplastically, ˈplasticly adv

plas•tic

(ˈplæs tɪk)

n.
1. any of a group of synthetic or natural organic materials that may be shaped when soft and then hardened, including many types of resins, resinoids, polymers, cellulose derivatives, casein materials, and proteins.
2. a credit card, or credit cards collectively.
3. credit represented by the use of credit cards.
4. an object or objects made of plastic.
adj.
5. made of plastic.
6. capable of being molded.
7. produced by molding.
8. having the power to mold or shape material: the plastic forces of nature.
9. concerned with or pertaining to molding or modeling; sculptural.
10. pliable; impressionable: the plastic mind of youth.
11. artificial or synthetic.
12. insincere; phony: a plastic smile.
13. pertaining to the use of credit cards: plastic credit.
14. Mech. able to deform continuously and permanently without rupturing.
16. of or pertaining to plastic surgery.
[1625–35; < Latin plasticus that may be molded < Greek plastikós. See -plast, -ic]
plas′ti•cal•ly, plas′tic•ly, adv.

-plastic

a combining form occurring in adjectives that correspond to nouns ending in -plasia, -plast, or -plasty: anaplastic; chloroplastic; heteroplastic.
[see plastic]

plas·tic

(plăs′tĭk)
Noun
Any of numerous artificial compounds formed by linking simple chemical units into giant molecules called polymers. Plastics are soft or liquid when heated. They can be molded into objects, pressed into thin layers, and drawn into fibers for use in textiles.
Adjective
Capable of being molded or formed into a shape.

plastic

  • aglet - The plastic or metal covering on the end of a shoelace (formerly called the point) that makes it easier to thread through the eyelet holes.
  • plastic - From Greek plastos, "to form, mold."
  • plastic surgery - Dates to 1837; "plastic" is used in the sense of "molding, shaping."
  • velo binding - A type of document fastener using a narrow strip of plastic on the front and back and attached with thin plastic pegs through the pages; also called velobind.

plastic

(in a painting) Conveying a three-dimensional impression through the modeling and movement of the figures.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plastic - generic name for certain synthetic or semisynthetic materials that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or filaments or used for making e.g. coatings and adhesivesplastic - generic name for certain synthetic or semisynthetic materials that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or filaments or used for making e.g. coatings and adhesives
ABS, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene - any of a class of composite plastics used to make car bodies and cases for computers and other appliances
Mylar - a thin polyester film
thermoplastic, thermoplastic resin - a material that softens when heated and hardens again when cooled
thermosetting compositions, thermosetting resin - a material that hardens when heated and cannot be remolded
Bakelite - a thermosetting plastic used as electric insulators and for making plastic ware and telephone receivers etc.
polytetrafluoroethylene, Teflon - a trademark for a material used to coat cooking utensils and in industrial applications where sticking is to be avoided
Vinylite - any of various vinyl resins
resinoid - a plastic containing resins
amino plastic, amino resin, aminoplast - a plastic (synthetic resin) made from amino compounds; used as an adhesive and as a coating for paper and textiles
cellulosic - a plastic made from cellulose (or a derivative of cellulose)
coumarone resin, coumarone-indene resin - a thermoplastic resin obtained by polymerization of indene and coumarone; used in coatings and paint and asphalt tile
fluorocarbon plastic - a plastic made with fluorocarbon
phenolic plastic, phenolic urea - a plastic consisting of phenolic resins
polyester - a complex ester used for making fibers or resins or plastics or as a plasticizer
polypropene, polypropylene - a polymer of propylene used as a thermoplastic molding material
polyvinyl-formaldehyde - a polymer of vinyl formaldehyde
silicone resin - a polymeric silicone compound
solid - matter that is solid at room temperature and pressure
vinyl - shiny and tough and flexible plastic; used especially for floor coverings
2.plastic - a card (usually plastic) that assures a seller that the person using it has a satisfactory credit rating and that the issuer will see to it that the seller receives payment for the merchandise deliveredplastic - a card (usually plastic) that assures a seller that the person using it has a satisfactory credit rating and that the issuer will see to it that the seller receives payment for the merchandise delivered; "do you take plastic?"
magnetic stripe - a short strip of magnetic tape attached to a credit card or debit card; it contains data that will tell a reading device who you are and what your account number is, etc.
positive identification - evidence proving that you are who you say you are; evidence establishing that you are among the group of people already known to the system; recognition by the system leads to acceptance; "a system for positive identification can prevent the use of a single identity by several people"
charge account credit, open-end credit, revolving credit - a consumer credit line that can be used up to a certain limit or paid down at any time
bank card - a credit card issued by a bank
calling card, phone card - a card that is used instead of cash to make telephone calls
cash card, cashcard - a credit card that entitles the holder to receive cash
Adj.1.plastic - capable of being molded or modeled (especially of earth or clay or other soft material)plastic - capable of being molded or modeled (especially of earth or clay or other soft material); "plastic substances such as wax or clay"
elastic - capable of resuming original shape after stretching or compression; springy; "an elastic band"; "a youthful and elastic walk"
2.plastic - capable of being influenced or formed; "the plastic minds of children"; "a pliant nature"
impressible, impressionable, waxy - easily impressed or influenced; "an impressionable youngster"; "an impressionable age"; "a waxy mind"
3.plastic - forming or capable of forming or molding or fashioning; "a formative influence"; "a formative experience"
constructive - constructing or tending to construct or improve or promote development; "constructive criticism"; "a constructive attitude"; "a constructive philosophy"; "constructive permission"

plastic

adjective
1. (Slang) false, artificial, synthetic, superficial, sham, pseudo (informal), spurious, specious, meretricious, phoney or phony (informal) When girls wear too much make-up, they look plastic.
false natural, real, true, genuine, authentic, sincere, dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal)
2. pliant, soft, flexible, supple, pliable, tensile, ductile, mouldable, fictile The mud is as soft and plastic as butter.
pliant hard, stiff, rigid, brittle, inflexible, unyielding, unbending

plastic

adjective
1. Capable of being shaped, bent, or drawn out, as by hammering or pressure:
2. Changing easily, as in expression:
4. Physics. Capable of withstanding stress without injury:
5. Marked by unnaturalness, pretension, and often a slavish love of fads:
Translations
tvárnýumělá hmotaumělohmotnýplastplastický
plasticplastikuægte
muovimuovi-muovinen
plastikaplastičan
alakíthatóhitelkártyaműanyagplasztikkártya
plastauîmótanlegur
プラスチックプラスチックの
플라스틱플라스틱의
plastickýplastikplastikový
plastičenplastika
plast
ซึ่งทำด้วยพลาสติกวัตถุพลาสติก
plastikplâstik
bằng nhựanhựa

plastic

[ˈplæstɪk]
A. N
1.plástico m
to be made of plasticser de plástico
2. plastics(materiales mpl) plásticos mpl
3. (= credit cards) → plástico m
B. ADJ
1. (= made of plastic) [container etc] → de plástico
2. (= flexible) → plástico
3. (pej) (= artificial) [smile] → falso, de plástico; [person] → de plástico, superficial
C. CPD the plastic arts NPLlas artes plásticas
plastic bag Nbolsa f de plástico
plastic bullet Nbala f de goma
plastic explosive Ngoma f dos
plastic mac N (Brit) → impermeable m
plastic money Ndinero m de plástico
plastic sheeting Nplástico m en planchas
plastics industry Nindustria f del plástico
plastic surgeon Ncirujano/a m/f plástico/a
plastic surgery Ncirugía f plástica or estética
to have plastic surgeryhacerse la cirugía plástica or estética
plastic wrap N (US) → film m adherente (para envolver alimentos)

plastic

[ˈplæstɪk]
n
(= material) → plastique m
It's made of plastic → C'est en plastique.
(also plastic money) to use plastic to pay for sth → payer qch par carte
Using plastic to pay for an order is simplicity itself → Payer une commande par carte est la simplicité même.
adj
(= made of plastic) [cup, ball, bottle, bowl, bucket, chair, cutlery, pipe, tray] → en plastique
a plastic mac → un imperméable en plastique
(pejorative) (= unnatural) [food, appearance, smile] → artificiel(le)
(= flexible) → plastique, malléable
(ART)plastique
the plastic arts → les arts plastiquesplastic bag nsac m en plastiqueplastic bullet nballe f en plastiqueplastic explosive nplastic m

plastic

n
Plastik nt; plasticsKunststoffe pl
(inf: = credit cards) → Kreditkarten pl, → Plastikkarten pl (inf)
adj
(= made of plastic)Plastik-, aus Plastik; (pej inf) personsynthetisch; smileaufgesetzt, gekünstelt; pubsteril; plastic bottlePlastikflasche f; plastic food (pej inf)Plastikessen nt (inf)
(= flexible)formbar (also fig), → modellierbar (also fig), → plastisch; the plastic artsdie gestaltenden Künste
(Med) → plastisch

plastic

:
plastic bag
nPlastiktüte f
plastic bomb
nPlastikbombe f
plastic bullet
plastic explosive

plastic

:
plastic money
n (inf)Plastikgeld nt
plastics industry
plastic surgeon
plastic surgery
nplastische Chirurgie; (= cosmetic operation)Schönheitsoperation f; he had to have plasticer musste sich einer Gesichtsoperation unterziehen; she decided to have plastic on her nosesie entschloss sich zu einer Schönheitsoperation an ihrer Nase

plastic

[ˈplæstɪk]
1. nplastica, materia plastica
plastics → materie fpl plastiche
2. adj
a. (made of plastic) → di plastica
b. (flexible) → plastico/a
plastic behaviour (Phys) → plasticità
the plastic arts → le arti plastiche

plaster

(ˈplaːstə) noun
1. (also adjective) (of) a substance put on walls, ceilings etc which dries to form a hard smooth surface. He mixed up some plaster to repair the wall; a plaster ceiling.
2. (also adjective) (also plaster of Paris) (of) a similar quick-drying substance used for supporting broken limbs, making models etc. She's got her arm in plaster; a plaster model.
3. (also ˈsticking-plaster ; American Band-Aid) (a piece of) sticky tape (sometimes with a dressing) used to cover a wound etc. You should put a plaster on that cut.
verb
1. to put plaster on. They plastered the walls.
2. to spread or apply rather too thickly. She'd look nicer if she didn't plaster so much make-up on her face.
ˈplasterer noun
a person whose job is to put plaster on walls, ceilings etc.
plastic (ˈplӕstik) noun, adjective
(of) any of many chemically manufactured substances that can be moulded when still soft. This cup is made of plastic; a plastic cup.
adjective
easily made into different shapes.
plastic surgery surgery to repair or replace damaged skin, or to improve the appearance usually of the face ( noun plastic surgeon)

plastic

بِلاسْتِيك, بِلاسْتِيكِيّ umělá hmota, umělohmotný plastic, uægte aus Plastik, Kunststoff πλαστικό, πλαστικός de plástico, plástico muovi, muovi- plastique plastičan, plastika di plastica, plastica プラスチック, プラスチックの 플라스틱, 플라스틱의 plastic plast, plast- plastik, plastikowy de plástico, plástico пластмасса, пластмассовый plast ซึ่งทำด้วยพลาสติก, วัตถุพลาสติก plastik bằng nhựa, nhựa 塑料, 塑料的

plas·tic

n. plástico;
a. plástico-a.

plastic

n plástico
References in classic literature ?
The eyes of the father followed the plastic and ingenious movements of the son with open delight, and he never failed to smile in reply to the other's contagious but low laughter.
The large, electric, light-gray eyes were hardly ever in repose; all varieties of expression followed each other over the plastic, ever-changing face, with a giddy rapidity which left sober analysis far behind in the race.
They seemed to be able to give a plastic form to formless things, and to have a music of their own as sweet as that of viol or of lute.
It somewhat resembles in its plastic nature our bookbinders' paste, is of a yellow colour, and somewhat tart to the taste.
Would she consent to discontinue relations with her family, or would she wish still to borrow plastic relief from that domestic background?
He is purely objective; and he, too, is very plastic.
In truth, it was the first time she had ever had a human soul to play with, and the plastic clay of him was a delight to mould; for she thought she was moulding it, and her intentions were good.
I had an imagination and a curiosity about all things that made me plastic.
His mind was fresh and plastic, and by nature he was very ethical.
The whole organisation seems to have become plastic, and tends to depart in some small degree from that of the parental type.
Early in the morning I worked barefooted, dabbling like a plastic artist in the dewy and crumbling sand, but later in the day the sun blistered my feet.
What kind or degree of unity is to be sought after in a building, in the plastic arts, in poetry, in prose, is a problem which has to be determined relatively to the subject-matter.