The incision was carried down through the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and platysma
Babinski's "toe phenomenon" (1896) is the best known of the signs separating organic from hysterical paralysis, but he also chronicled exaggerated flexion of the forearm, combined flexion of the thigh and trunk, and the platysma
sign in patients with organic hemiplegia.
65) Type 1 anomalies are anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle and deep to the platysma
(Figure 11), while type 2 lesions, which are the most common type, are found deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, superficial to the carotid sheath (Figures 11 and 12).
Genellikle spazmlar 40'li ve 50'li yaslarda orbicularis oculi kasindan baslar ve yillar icerisinde alina, alt yuz yarisina ve platysma
He noted that in hemiplegia there is a deficient contraction of the muscle platysma
(1897), exaggerated flexion of the forearm on the arm, an inversion of the habitual swinging of the arms while walking and combined flexion of the thigh and trunk.
This also softens the look of vertical banding caused by the platysma
muscle that is often so pronounced in aging necks, and also helps minimize those visible folds and creases.
These include cutaneous branches of the cervical plexus supplying the skin overlying the posterior triangle; the platysma
and omohyoid muscles; the spinal accessory nerve, which innervates the SCM and trapezius muscles; the deep cervical lymph nodes; the brachial plexus; and numerous arteries and veins--prominent is the external jugular vein (see Figure 2).
After careful draping and preparation of the operative site, an incision was made inferior and parallel to the left clavicle and carried deep to the platysma
Junior 7 & 8 tongue throat stomach sternum radius thigh kidney eardrum enamel trachea bronchi muscle shoulder tissue plasma Advanced 9 & 10 scapula mandible stapes incus tarsus maxilla carpals bicuspid masseter hyoid carotid lacrimal jugular thyroid cerebrum parietal temporal occipital Super 11 & 12 vertebra pituitary alveoli eustachian tube sphenoid incisor canine platysma
buccinator tropezius maxillary sinus sternocleidomastoid metatarsals trochlea mental foramen
With injections into the platysma
muscle, difficulty in swallowing and changes in vocal pitch may occur.
He actually called the extensor plantar reflex "the great toe sign," and what he called the Babinski sign was the failure of the platysma
muscle to contract on the side of a hemiparesis.
CHIN TONER THIS exercise strengthens the platysma
muscle which runs down both sides of the neck.