platysma


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Related to platysma: sternocleidomastoid

platysma

(plæˈtɪzmə)
n
1. (Anatomy) anatomy a muscle located on the side of the neck
2. (Medicine) med obsolete a wide bandage
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.platysma - either of two broad muscles located on either side of the neck and innervated by the facial nerveplatysma - either of two broad muscles located on either side of the neck and innervated by the facial nerve; extends from lower jaw to clavicle and is involved in moving the mouth and jaw
facial muscle - any of the skeletal muscles of the face
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References in periodicals archive ?
The incision was carried down through the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and platysma.
Babinski's "toe phenomenon" (1896) is the best known of the signs separating organic from hysterical paralysis, but he also chronicled exaggerated flexion of the forearm, combined flexion of the thigh and trunk, and the platysma sign in patients with organic hemiplegia.
65) Type 1 anomalies are anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle and deep to the platysma (Figure 11), while type 2 lesions, which are the most common type, are found deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, superficial to the carotid sheath (Figures 11 and 12).
Genellikle spazmlar 40'li ve 50'li yaslarda orbicularis oculi kasindan baslar ve yillar icerisinde alina, alt yuz yarisina ve platysma yayilir.
He noted that in hemiplegia there is a deficient contraction of the muscle platysma (1897), exaggerated flexion of the forearm on the arm, an inversion of the habitual swinging of the arms while walking and combined flexion of the thigh and trunk.
This also softens the look of vertical banding caused by the platysma muscle that is often so pronounced in aging necks, and also helps minimize those visible folds and creases.
These include cutaneous branches of the cervical plexus supplying the skin overlying the posterior triangle; the platysma and omohyoid muscles; the spinal accessory nerve, which innervates the SCM and trapezius muscles; the deep cervical lymph nodes; the brachial plexus; and numerous arteries and veins--prominent is the external jugular vein (see Figure 2).
After careful draping and preparation of the operative site, an incision was made inferior and parallel to the left clavicle and carried deep to the platysma muscle.
Junior 7 & 8 tongue throat stomach sternum radius thigh kidney eardrum enamel trachea bronchi muscle shoulder tissue plasma Advanced 9 & 10 scapula mandible stapes incus tarsus maxilla carpals bicuspid masseter hyoid carotid lacrimal jugular thyroid cerebrum parietal temporal occipital Super 11 & 12 vertebra pituitary alveoli eustachian tube sphenoid incisor canine platysma buccinator tropezius maxillary sinus sternocleidomastoid metatarsals trochlea mental foramen
With injections into the platysma muscle, difficulty in swallowing and changes in vocal pitch may occur.
He actually called the extensor plantar reflex "the great toe sign," and what he called the Babinski sign was the failure of the platysma muscle to contract on the side of a hemiparesis.
CHIN TONER THIS exercise strengthens the platysma muscle which runs down both sides of the neck.