play


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play

 (plā)
v. played, play·ing, plays
v.intr.
1. To occupy oneself in an activity for amusement or recreation: children playing with toys.
2.
a. To take part in a sport or game: He's just a beginner and doesn't play well.
b. To participate in betting; gamble.
3.
a. To behave in a teasing or joking manner; act in jest or sport: She's not angry with you; she's just playing.
b. To deal or behave carelessly or indifferently, especially for one's own amusement; toy: She isn't interested in you; she's just playing with you.
4. To act or conduct oneself in a specified way: play fair; an investor who plays cautiously.
5. To act, especially in a dramatic production.
6. Music
a. To perform on an instrument: play on an accordion.
b. To emit sound or be sounded in performance: The band is playing.
7. To be performed, as in a theater or on television: A good movie is playing tonight.
8. To be received or accepted: a speech that played poorly with the voters.
9. To move or seem to move quickly, lightly, or irregularly: The breeze played on the water.
10. To function or discharge uninterruptedly: The fountains played in the courtyard.
11. To move or operate freely within a bounded space, as machine parts do.
v.tr.
1.
a. To engage in (a game or sport): play hockey; play chess.
b. To compete against in a game or sport: We play the Tigers today.
c. To compete in a game or sport at (a location): The New York Yankees played Fenway Park last night.
d. To occupy or work at (a position) in a game: Lou Gehrig played first base.
e. To put (a player) at a position in a sport or in a game: Let's play her at first base.
f. To use or move (a card or piece) in a game: play the ace of clubs
g. To hit (a ball, shot, or stroke), as in tennis: played a strong backhand.
h. To attempt to keep or gain possession or control of: No foul was called because he was playing the ball.
2.
a. To perform or act (a role or part) in a dramatic performance.
b. To assume the role of; act as: played the peacemaker at the meeting.
c. To pretend to be; mimic the activities of: played cowboy; played the star.
3.
a. To perform (a theatrical work or part of a work): The actors played the scene with great skill.
b. To present a theatrical performance or other entertainment in (a given place): The company played Boston last week.
4.
a. To bet; wager: played ten dollars on the horse.
b. To make bets on: play the races.
5.
a. To perform or put into effect, especially as a jest or deception: play a joke on a friend.
b. To handle; manage: played the matter quietly.
c. To use or manipulate, especially for one's own interests: played his opponents against each other.
6. Music
a. To perform on (an instrument): play the guitar.
b. To perform (a piece) on instruments or an instrument.
7. To cause (a movie, audiotape, or other recording) to be presented in audible or visible form.
8. To discharge or direct in a certain direction: played the water on the burning roof.
9. To cause to move rapidly, lightly, or irregularly: play lights over the dance floor.
10. To exhaust (a hooked fish) by allowing it to pull on the line.
n.
1.
a. A literary work written for performance on the stage; a drama.
b. The performance of such a work.
2. Activity engaged in for enjoyment or recreation.
3. Fun or jesting: It was all done in play.
4.
a. The act or manner of engaging in a game or sport: After a time-out, play resumed. The golf tournament featured expert play.
b. The act or manner of using a card, piece, or ball in a game or sport: my partner's play of the last trump; his clumsy play of the rebound.
c. A move or an action in a game: It's your play. The runner was thrown out in a close play.
5. Participation in betting; gambling.
6. Manner of dealing with others; conduct: fair play.
7. An attempt to obtain something; a bid: a play for sympathy.
8.
a. Action, motion, or use: the play of the imagination.
b. Freedom or occasion for action; scope: give full play to an artist's talents.
9. Movement or space for movement, as of mechanical parts.
10. Quick, often irregular movement or action, especially of light or color: the play of color on iridescent feathers.
11. A control mechanism on an audio or video player that starts or resumes the audible or visual presentation of a recording.
12. A geological deposit, as of oil or natural gas, considered as a prospect for commercial extraction.
Phrasal Verbs:
play along Informal
To cooperate or pretend to cooperate: decided to play along with the robbers for a while.
play around
To philander.
play at
1. To participate in; engage in.
2. To do or take part in halfheartedly.
play back
To replay (a recently recorded tape, for example).
play down
To minimize the importance of; make little of: played down the defect to protect the troops' morale.
play off
1. Sports
a. To establish the winner of (a tie) by playing in an additional game or series of games.
b. To participate in a playoff.
2. To set (one individual or party) in opposition to another so as to advance one's own interests: a parent who played off one child against another.
play on (or upon)
To take advantage of (another's attitudes or feelings) for one's own interests: demagogues who play on popular fears.
play out
To use up; exhaust: Our strength was played out early in the contest.
play up
To emphasize or publicize: She played up her experience during the job interview.
Idioms:
in play
1. Sports In a position to be legally or feasibly played: The ball is now in play.
2. In a position, or rumored to be in a position of possible corporate takeover: The company's stock rose in price when it was said to be in play.
out of play Sports
Not in a position to be legally or feasibly played.
play ball Slang
To cooperate: The opposing attorneys refused to play ball with us.
play both ends against the middle
To set opposing parties or interests against one another so as to advance one's own goals.
play fast and loose
To behave in a recklessly irresponsible or deceitful manner: played fast and loose with the facts.
play for time
To use delaying tactics; temporize.
play games Slang
To be evasive or deceptive: Quit playing games and tell me what you want.
play hard to get
To pretend to be uninterested in a romantic relationship.
play in Peoria Slang
To be acceptable to average constituents or consumers.
play into (someone's) hands
To act or behave so as to give an advantage to an opponent.
play it by ear
To act according to the circumstances; improvise: I don't have a set schedule, so we'll have to play it by ear.
play (one's) cards Informal
To use the resources or strategies at one's disposal: played her cards right and got promoted.
play possum
To pretend to be sleeping or dead.
play the field
To date more than one person at the same time.
play the game Informal
To behave according to the accepted customs or standards.
play up to
To curry favor with.
play with a full deck Slang
To be of sound mind: didn't seem to be playing with a full deck.
play with fire
To take part in a dangerous or risky undertaking.
play with (oneself) Vulgar Slang
To masturbate.

[Middle English playen, from Old English plegian; see dlegh- in Indo-European roots.]

play′a·bil′i·ty n.
play′a·ble adj.

play

(pleɪ)
vb
1. to occupy oneself in (a sport or diversion); amuse oneself in (a game)
2. (General Sporting Terms) (tr) to contend against (an opponent) in a sport or game: Ed played Tony at chess and lost.
3. (General Sporting Terms) to fulfil or cause to fulfil (a particular role) in a team game: he plays defence; he plays in the defence.
4. (General Sporting Terms) (tr) to address oneself to (a ball) in a game: play the ball not the man.
5. (intr; often foll by about or around) to behave carelessly, esp in a way that is unconsciously cruel or hurtful; trifle or dally (with): to play about with a young girl's affections.
6. (Film) (when: intr, often foll by at) to perform or act the part (of) in or as in a dramatic production; assume or simulate the role (of): to play the villain; just what are you playing at?.
7. (Film) to act out or perform (a dramatic production)
8. (Theatre) to give a performance in (a place) or (of a performance) to be given in a place
9. (intr) to be received: How will these policies play in Middle England?.
10. (Music, other) to have the ability to perform on (a musical instrument): David plays the harp.
11. (Music, other) to perform (on a musical instrument) as specified: he plays out of tune.
12. (Music, other) (tr)
a. to reproduce (a tune, melody, piece of music, note, etc) on an instrument
b. to perform works by (a specific composer): to play Brahms.
13. to discharge or cause to discharge: he played the water from the hose onto the garden.
14. to operate, esp to cause (a record player, radio, etc) to emit sound or (of a record player, radio, etc) to emit (sound): he played a record; the radio was playing loudly.
15. to move or cause to move freely, quickly, or irregularly: lights played on the scenery.
16. (Stock Exchange) (tr) stock exchange to speculate or operate aggressively for gain in (a market)
17. (Angling) (tr) angling to attempt to tire (a hooked fish) by alternately letting out and reeling in line and by using the rod's flexibility
18. to put (a card, counter, piece, etc) into play
19. (Gambling, except Cards) to gamble (money) on a game
20. play ball informal to cooperate
21. play fair play fair with someone to prove oneself fair in one's dealings
22. play false play fair with someone to prove oneself unfair in one's dealings
23. play by ear See ear119
24. play for time to delay the outcome of some activity so as to gain time to one's own advantage
25. play into the hands of to act directly to the advantage of (an opponent)
26. play the fool See fool17
27. play the game See game122
n
28. (Theatre) a dramatic composition written for performance by actors on a stage, on television, etc; drama
29. (Theatre)
a. the performance of a dramatic composition
b. (in combination): playreader.
30.
a. games, exercise, or other activity undertaken for pleasure, diversion, etc, esp by children
b. (in combination): playroom.
c. (as modifier): play area.
31. manner of action, conduct, or playing: fair play.
32. the playing or conduct of a game or the period during which a game is in progress: rain stopped play.
33. (General Sporting Terms) US and Canadian a move or manoeuvre in a game: a brilliant play.
34. (General Sporting Terms) the situation of a ball that is within the defined area and being played according to the rules (in the phrases in play, out of play)
35. a turn to play: it's my play.
36. (Gambling, except Cards) the act of playing for stakes; gambling
37. action, activity, or operation: the play of the imagination.
38. freedom of or scope or space for movement: too much play in the rope.
39. light, free, or rapidly shifting motion: the play of light on the water.
40. fun, jest, or joking: I only did it in play.
41. call into play to bring into operation
42. make a play for informal
a. to make an obvious attempt to gain
b. to attempt to attract or seduce
[Old English plega (n), plegan (vb); related to Middle Dutch pleyen]
ˌplayaˈbility n
ˈplayable adj

play

(pleɪ)

n.
1. a dramatic composition; drama.
2. a dramatic performance, as on the stage.
3. activity, often spontaneous, engaged in for recreation, as by children.
4. fun or jest, as opposed to earnest: I said it merely in play.
5. a pun.
6. the action or conduct of a game: the fourth inning of play.
7. an act or instance of playing: a play that cost us the match.
8. manner or style of playing.
9. one's turn to play.
10. a playing for stakes; gambling.
11. an often crafty maneuver: a takeover play.
12. an enterprise; venture.
13. action of a specified kind: foul play.
14. action, activity, or operation: the play of fancy.
15. brisk, light, or changing movement or action: the play of a fountain.
16. elusive change: the play of a searchlight against the night sky.
17. a space in which something, as a part of a mechanism, can move.
18. freedom of movement within a space.
19. freedom or scope for activity: full play of the mind.
20. attention; coverage: The scandal got a big play in the papers.
21. an act or instance of being broadcast.
v.t.
22. to portray; enact: to play Macbeth.
23. to perform (a drama, pantomime, etc.).
24. to act the part or character of in real life: to play the fool; to play God.
25. to act or sustain (a part): Economics played a part in the decision.
26. to give performances in: to play the big cities.
27. to engage in (a game, pastime, etc.).
28. to contend against in a game.
29. to perform in (a specified position or role) in a game or competition: to play center field.
30. to employ in a game: I played my highest card.
31. to use as if in playing a game, esp. for one's own advantage: He played his brothers against each other.
32. to stake or wager, as in a game.
33. to lay a wager or wagers on (something).
34. to represent or imitate, as for recreation: to play cowboys and Indians.
35. to perform or be able to perform on (a musical instrument).
36. to perform (music) on an instrument.
37. to perform the music of (a composer).
38. to cause to produce sound or pictures: played the VCR.
39. to perform or carry out, esp. as a sly or deceitful action: to play tricks.
40. to put into operation; act upon: to play a hunch.
41. to cause to move or change lightly or quickly: to play lights on a fountain.
42. to operate or cause to operate, esp. continuously or with repeated action: to play a hose on a fire.
43. to allow (a hooked fish) to exhaust itself by pulling on the line.
44. to display or feature (a news story, photograph, etc.), esp. prominently: Play the flood photos on page one.
45. to exploit or trade in: to play the stock market.
v.i.
46. to occupy oneself in diversion, amusement, or recreation.
47. to do something that is not to be taken seriously; sport.
48. to amuse oneself; toy; trifle (often fol. by with).
49. to take part in a game.
50. to take part in a game for stakes; gamble.
51. to conduct oneself or act in a specified way: to play fair.
52. to act on or as if on the stage; perform.
53. to perform on a musical instrument.
54. (of an instrument or music) to sound in performance.
55. to give forth sound: The radio played all night.
56. to be performed or shown: What's playing at the theater?
57. to be capable of or suitable for performance, as a dramatic script.
58. to be received; go over: How will the proposal play with the public?
59. to move freely within a space, as a part of a mechanism.
60. to move about lightly, quickly, or irregularly: A smile played about her lips.
61. to operate continuously or with repeated action.
62. to comply; cooperate.
63. play along,
a. to cooperate or concur.
b. to pretend to cooperate or concur.
64. play around,
a. to behave in a playful or frivolous manner.
b. to have promiscuous or adulterous sexual relations.
65. play at,
a. to pretend to do or be.
b. to do without seriousness.
66. play down, to treat as of little importance; minimize.
67. play off,
a. to play an extra game or round in order to settle a tie.
b. to set (one person or thing) against another, usu. for one's own gain or advantage.
68. play on or upon, to exploit the weaknesses of; take advantage of: played on his generosity.
69. play up, to emphasize the importance of; highlight or publicize.
70. play up to, to attempt to please or impress in order to gain the favor of.
Idioms:
1. bring into play, to cause to be introduced, considered, or used.
2. make a play for, to employ stratagems to attract or gain.
3. play both ends against the middle, to maneuver opposing groups in order to benefit oneself.
4. play fast and loose with, to behave cavalierly toward; deal irresponsibly with.
5. play for time, to forestall an event or decision.
6. play into the hands of, to act in such a way as to give an advantage to (someone, esp. an opponent). Also, play into (someone's) hands.
7. play one's cards right or well, to maneuver skillfully.
8. play the field, to date a number of persons during the same period of time.
9. play with a full deck, Slang. to be sane (used esp. in the negative).
10. play with oneself, to masturbate.
[before 900; (n.) Middle English pleye, Old English plega; (v.) Middle English pleyen, Old English pleg(i)an, c. Middle Dutch pleien to leap for joy, dance, rejoice)]

play

1. children's games

When children play, they spend time amusing themselves with toys or taking part in games.

The kids went off to play in the park.
2. sports and games

If you play a sport or game, you take part in it regularly.

Raja and I play tennis at least once a week.
Do you play chess?

If someone plays in a game, match, or competition, they take part in it on a particular occasion.

He hopes to play in England's match against France next week.
3. CDs and DVDs

If you play something such as a CD or DVD, you put it in a piece of equipment and listen to it.

She played me a tape of the interview.
She plays her CDs too loudly.

Don't say that someone 'plays' a film or a television programme. Say that they show it.

The teacher showed us a film about tigers.
Many news programmes showed the clip.
4. musical instruments

If you play a musical instrument, you produce music from it.

There is a piano in the hall, but nobody ever plays it.

If you want to say that someone is able to play a particular instrument, you can use play with or without the. For example, you say 'She plays the piano' or 'She plays piano'.

Uncle Rudi played the cello.
He wanted to learn to play guitar.

play


Past participle: played
Gerund: playing

Imperative
play
play
Present
I play
you play
he/she/it plays
we play
you play
they play
Preterite
I played
you played
he/she/it played
we played
you played
they played
Present Continuous
I am playing
you are playing
he/she/it is playing
we are playing
you are playing
they are playing
Present Perfect
I have played
you have played
he/she/it has played
we have played
you have played
they have played
Past Continuous
I was playing
you were playing
he/she/it was playing
we were playing
you were playing
they were playing
Past Perfect
I had played
you had played
he/she/it had played
we had played
you had played
they had played
Future
I will play
you will play
he/she/it will play
we will play
you will play
they will play
Future Perfect
I will have played
you will have played
he/she/it will have played
we will have played
you will have played
they will have played
Future Continuous
I will be playing
you will be playing
he/she/it will be playing
we will be playing
you will be playing
they will be playing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been playing
you have been playing
he/she/it has been playing
we have been playing
you have been playing
they have been playing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been playing
you will have been playing
he/she/it will have been playing
we will have been playing
you will have been playing
they will have been playing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been playing
you had been playing
he/she/it had been playing
we had been playing
you had been playing
they had been playing
Conditional
I would play
you would play
he/she/it would play
we would play
you would play
they would play
Past Conditional
I would have played
you would have played
he/she/it would have played
we would have played
you would have played
they would have played
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.play - a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stageplay - a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage; "he wrote several plays but only one was produced on Broadway"
drama - the literary genre of works intended for the theater
stage direction - an instruction written as part of the script of a play
dramatic composition, dramatic work - a play for performance on the stage or television or in a movie etc.
Grand Guignol - a play of a macabre or horrific nature
theater of the absurd - plays stressing the irrational or illogical aspects of life, usually to show that modern life is pointless; "Samuel Beckett and Eugene Ionesco have written plays for the theater of the absurd"
playlet - a short play
act - a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet
miracle play - a medieval play representing episodes from the life of a saint or martyr
morality play - an allegorical play popular in the 15th and 16th centuries; characters personified virtues and vices
mystery play - a medieval play representing episodes from the life of Christ
Passion play - a play representing the Passion of Christ
satyr play - an ancient Greek burlesque with a chorus of satyrs
2.play - a theatrical performance of a drama; "the play lasted two hours"
show - a social event involving a public performance or entertainment; "they wanted to see some of the shows on Broadway"
musical, musical comedy, musical theater - a play or film whose action and dialogue is interspersed with singing and dancing
curtain raiser - a short play presented before the main play
3.play - a preset plan of action in team sports; "the coach drew up the plays for her team"
knock on - (rugby) knocking the ball forward while trying to catch it (a foul)
power play - (ice hockey) a play in which one team has a numerical advantage over the other as a result of penalties; "the team was unable to capitalize on the power play"
football play - (American football) a play by the offensive team
razmataz, razzle, razzle-dazzle, razzmatazz - any exciting and complex play intended to confuse (dazzle) the opponent
basketball play - a play executed by a basketball team
plan of action - a plan for actively doing something
4.play - a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skillplay - a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill; "he made a great maneuver"; "the runner was out on a play by the shortstop"
movement, move, motion - the act of changing location from one place to another; "police controlled the motion of the crowd"; "the movement of people from the farms to the cities"; "his move put him directly in my path"
athletic game - a game involving athletic activity
takeaway - the act of taking the ball or puck away from the team on the offense (as by the interception of a pass)
figure - a predetermined set of movements in dancing or skating; "she made the best score on compulsory figures"
completion, pass completion - (American football) a successful forward pass in football
ball hawking - a skillful maneuver in catching balls or in stealing the ball from the opposing team
assist - (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play
icing the puck, icing - (ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal
jugglery - the performance of a juggler
obstruction - getting in someone's way
baseball play - (baseball) a play executed by a baseball team
footwork - the manner of using the feet
stroke, shot - (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand; "it took two strokes to get out of the bunker"; "a good shot requires good balance and tempo"; "he left me an almost impossible shot"
blitz, linebacker blitzing, safety blitz - (American football) defensive players try to break through the offensive line
trap play, mousetrap - (American football) a play in which a defensive player is allowed to cross the line of scrimmage and then blocked off as the runner goes through the place the lineman vacated
5.play - a state in which action is feasible; "the ball was still in play"; "insiders said the company's stock was in play"
activeness, activity, action - the state of being active; "his sphere of activity"; "he is out of action"
6.play - utilization or exercise; "the play of the imagination"
usage, use, utilisation, utilization, exercise, employment - the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers"
7.play - an attempt to get somethingplay - an attempt to get something; "they made a futile play for power"; "he made a bid to gain attention"
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
8.play - activity by children that is guided more by imagination than by fixed rules; "Freud believed in the utility of play to a small child"
diversion, recreation - an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates; "scuba diving is provided as a diversion for tourists"; "for recreation he wrote poetry and solved crossword puzzles"; "drug abuse is often regarded as a form of recreation"
house - play in which children take the roles of father or mother or children and pretend to interact like adults; "the children were playing house"
doctor - children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office; "the children explored each other's bodies by playing the game of doctor"
fireman - play in which children pretend to put out a fire
9.play - (in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds; "rain stopped play in the 4th inning"
quantity, measure, amount - how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
game - a contest with rules to determine a winner; "you need four people to play this game"
athletic game - a game involving athletic activity
golf hole, hole - one playing period (from tee to green) on a golf course; "he played 18 holes"
chukka, chukker - (polo) one of six divisions into which a polo match is divided
inning, frame - (baseball) one of nine divisions of play during which each team has a turn at bat
set - a unit of play in tennis or squash; "they played two sets of tennis after dinner"
bout, round, turn - (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive
first period - the first division into which the play of a game is divided
second period - the second division into which the play of a game is divided
final period - the final division into which the play of a game is divided
half - one of two divisions into which some games or performances are divided: the two divisions are separated by an interval
period - (ice hockey) one of three divisions into which play is divided in hockey games
quarter - (football, professional basketball) one of four divisions into which some games are divided; "both teams scored in the first quarter"
over - (cricket) the division of play during which six balls are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
10.play - the removal of constraints; "he gave free rein to his impulses"; "they gave full play to the artist's talent"
freedom - the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints
11.play - a weak and tremulous lightplay - a weak and tremulous light; "the shimmer of colors on iridescent feathers"; "the play of light on the water"
alteration, change, modification - an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; "the change was intended to increase sales"; "this storm is certainly a change for the worse"; "the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago"
12.play - verbal wit or mockery (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously); "he became a figure of fun"; "he said it in sport"
humor, wit, witticism, wittiness, humour - a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter
jocosity, jocularity - fun characterized by humor
waggery, waggishness - waggish behavior
drollery, funniness, clowning, comedy - a comic incident or series of incidents
paronomasia, pun, punning, wordplay - a humorous play on words; "I do it for the pun of it"; "his constant punning irritated her"
13.play - movement or space for movement; "there was too much play in the steering wheel"
movability, movableness - the quality of being movable; capable of being moved or rearranged
wiggliness - a jerky back and forth kind of mobility; "he walked with the wiggliness of a child on high heels"
slackness, slack - the quality of being loose (not taut); "he hadn't counted on the slackness of the rope"
14.play - gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusementplay - gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement; "it was all done in play"; "their frolic in the surf threatened to become ugly"
diversion, recreation - an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates; "scuba diving is provided as a diversion for tourists"; "for recreation he wrote poetry and solved crossword puzzles"; "drug abuse is often regarded as a form of recreation"
coquetry, flirtation, flirting, toying, dalliance, flirt - playful behavior intended to arouse sexual interest
foolery, tomfoolery, lunacy, craziness, folly, indulgence - foolish or senseless behavior
game - frivolous or trifling behavior; "for actors, memorizing lines is no game"; "for him, life is all fun and games"
horseplay - rowdy or boisterous play
teasing - playful vexation; "the parody was just a form of teasing"
word play - playing on words or speech sounds
15.play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed successionplay - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
move - (game) a player's turn to take some action permitted by the rules of the game
starting, start - a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning); "he got his start because one of the regular pitchers was in the hospital"; "his starting meant that the coach thought he was one of their best linemen"
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
game - a contest with rules to determine a winner; "you need four people to play this game"
innings - the batting turn of a cricket player or team
attack - an offensive move in a sport or game; "they won the game with a 10-hit attack in the 9th inning"
down - (American football) a complete play to advance the football; "you have four downs to gain ten yards"
at-bat, bat - (baseball) a turn trying to get a hit; "he was at bat when it happened"; "he got four hits in four at-bats"
lead - the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; "the lead was in the dummy"
trumping, ruff - (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit
trick - (card games) in a single round, the sequence of cards played by all the players; the high card is the winner
16.play - the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize)play - the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize); "his gambling cost him a fortune"; "there was heavy play at the blackjack table"
diversion, recreation - an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates; "scuba diving is provided as a diversion for tourists"; "for recreation he wrote poetry and solved crossword puzzles"; "drug abuse is often regarded as a form of recreation"
sporting life - active interest in gambling on sports events
wager, bet - the act of gambling; "he did it on a bet"
gambling game, game of chance - a game that involves gambling
vice - a specific form of evildoing; "vice offends the moral standards of the community"
throw - casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly; "he risked his fortune on a throw of the dice"
17.play - the act using a sword (or other weapon) vigorously and skillfullyplay - the act using a sword (or other weapon) vigorously and skillfully
action - something done (usually as opposed to something said); "there were stories of murders and other unnatural actions"
fencing - the art or sport of fighting with swords (especially the use of foils or epees or sabres to score points under a set of rules)
Verb1.play - participate in games or sport; "We played hockey all afternoon"; "play cards"; "Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches"
compete, vie, contend - compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others
line up - take one's position before a kick-off
curl - play the Scottish game of curling
snooker - leave one's opponent unable to take a direct shot
revoke - fail to follow suit when able and required to do so
develop - move into a strategically more advantageous position; "develop the rook"
develop - move one's pieces into strategically more advantageous positions; "Spassky developed quickly"
die - to be on base at the end of an inning, of a player
misplay - play wrong or in an unskillful manner
start - play in the starting lineup
fumble - drop or juggle or fail to play cleanly a grounder; "fumble a grounder"
volley - make a volley
unblock - play the cards of (a suit) so that the last trick on which a hand can follow suit will be taken by a higher card in the hand of a partner who has the remaining cards of a combined holding
replay - play again; "We replayed the game"; "replay a point"
cricket - play cricket
backstop - act as a backstop
fullback - play the fullback
quarterback - play the quarterback
cradle - run with the stick
exit - lose the lead
encounter, take on, meet, play - contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle; "Princeton plays Yale this weekend"; "Charlie likes to play Mary"
play out - play to a finish; "We have got to play this game out, even thought it is clear that we have last"
field - play as a fielder
catch - be the catcher; "Who is catching?"
bully off, face off - start a game by a face-off
tee off - strike a ball from the teeing ground at the start of a hole
ace - play (a hole) in one stroke
complete, nail - complete a pass
gamble - play games for money
walk - give a base on balls to
bowl - engage in the sport of bowling; "My parents like to bowl on Friday nights"
golf - play golf
bandy - toss or strike a ball back and forth
foul - commit a foul; break the rules
put out - retire; "he was put out at third base on a long throw from left field"
croquet - play a game in which players hit a wooden ball through a series of hoops
putt - hit a putt; "he lost because he putted so poorly"
seesaw, teetertotter, teeter-totter - ride on a plank
bid, call - make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; "He called his trump"
play out - play to a finish; "We have got to play this game out, even thought it is clear that we have last"
2.play - act or have an effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome; "This factor played only a minor part in his decision"; "This development played into her hands"; "I played no role in your dismissal"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
play - behave in a certain way; "play safe"; "play it safe"; "play fair"
3.play - play on an instrument; "The band played all night long"
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
strike up, sound off - start playing; "The musicians struck up a tune"
perform - give a performance (of something); "Horowitz is performing at Carnegie Hall tonight"; "We performed a popular Gilbert and Sullivan opera"
spiel, play - replay (as a melody); "Play it again, Sam"; "She played the third movement very beautifully"
swing - play with a subtle and intuitively felt sense of rhythm
play - perform music on (a musical instrument); "He plays the flute"; "Can you play on this old recorder?"
symphonise, symphonize - play or sound together, in harmony
play along, accompany, follow - perform an accompaniment to; "The orchestra could barely follow the frequent pitch changes of the soprano"
bow - play on a string instrument with a bow
busk - play music in a public place and solicit money for it; "three young men were busking in the plaza"
4.play - play a role or partplay - play a role or part; "Gielgud played Hamlet"; "She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role"; "She played the servant to her husband's master"
performing arts - arts or skills that require public performance
act as, act, play - pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind; "He acted the idiot"; "She plays deaf when the news are bad"
make believe, pretend, make - represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act like; "She makes like an actress"
re-create - create anew; "Re-create the boom of the West on a small scale"
playact, roleplay, act, play - perform on a stage or theater; "She acts in this play"; "He acted in `Julius Caesar'"; "I played in `A Christmas Carol'"
support - play a subordinate role to (another performer); "Olivier supported Gielgud beautifully in the second act"
play - pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity; "Let's play like I am mommy"; "Play cowboy and Indians"
act out, enact, reenact - act out; represent or perform as if in a play; "She reenacted what had happened earlier that day"
act out - represent an incident, state, or emotion by action, especially on stage; "She could act neurotic anxiety"
impersonate, portray - assume or act the character of; "She impersonates Madonna"; "The actor portrays an elderly, lonely man"
parody - make a spoof of or make fun of
emote - give expression or emotion to, in a stage or movie role
5.play - be at play; be engaged in playful activity; amuse oneself in a way characteristic of children; "The kids were playing outside all day"; "I used to play with trucks as a little girl"
roughhouse - engage in rough or disorderly play
fool around, horse around, arse around, fool - indulge in horseplay; "Enough horsing around--let's get back to work!"; "The bored children were fooling about"
frisk, frolic, gambol, lark, lark about, rollick, romp, run around, skylark, cavort, disport, sport - play boisterously; "The children frolicked in the garden"; "the gamboling lambs in the meadows"; "The toddlers romped in the playroom"
recreate, play - engage in recreational activities rather than work; occupy oneself in a diversion; "On weekends I play"; "The students all recreate alike"
act - be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure
splash around, dabble, paddle - play in or as if in water, as of small children
6.play - replay (as a melody); "Play it again, Sam"; "She played the third movement very beautifully"
re-create - create anew; "Re-create the boom of the West on a small scale"
riff - play riffs
misplay - play incorrectly, e.g., play a wrong note
fiddle - play on a violin; "Zuckerman fiddled that song very nicely"
play - play on an instrument; "The band played all night long"
replay - play (a melody) again
prelude - play as a prelude
jazz - play something in the style of jazz
rag - play in ragtime; "rag that old tune"
bugle - play on a bugle
reprise, reprize, recapitulate, repeat - repeat an earlier theme of a composition
slur - play smoothly or legato; "the pianist slurred the most beautiful passage in the sonata"
bang out - play loudly; "They banged out `The star-spangled banner'"
modulate - change the key of, in music; "modulate the melody"
tongue - articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments
7.play - perform music on (a musical instrument); "He plays the flute"; "Can you play on this old recorder?"
music - musical activity (singing or whistling etc.); "his music was his central interest"
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
play - play on an instrument; "The band played all night long"
register - manipulate the registers of an organ
skirl - play the bagpipes
beat - produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly; "beat the drum"
tweedle - play negligently on a musical instrument
chord - play chords on (a string instrument)
pipe - play on a pipe; "pipe a tune"
drum - play a percussion instrument
harp - play the harp; "She harped the Saint-Saens beautifully"
fiddle - play the violin or fiddle
trumpet - play or blow on the trumpet
clarion - blow the clarion
sound - cause to sound; "sound the bell"; "sound a certain note"
8.play - pretend to have certain qualities or state of mindplay - pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind; "He acted the idiot"; "She plays deaf when the news are bad"
behave, act, do - behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself; "You should act like an adult"; "Don't behave like a fool"; "What makes her do this way?"; "The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"
act, play, represent - play a role or part; "Gielgud played Hamlet"; "She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role"; "She played the servant to her husband's master"
9.play - move or seem to move quickly, lightly, or irregularly; "The spotlights played on the politicians"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
10.play - bet or wager (money); "He played $20 on the new horse"; "She plays the races"
gamble - play games for money
underplay - play a card lower than (a held high card)
play - make bets; "Play the races"; "play the casinos in Trouville"
11.play - engage in recreational activities rather than work; occupy oneself in a diversion; "On weekends I play"; "The students all recreate alike"
play - be at play; be engaged in playful activity; amuse oneself in a way characteristic of children; "The kids were playing outside all day"; "I used to play with trucks as a little girl"
12.play - pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity; "Let's play like I am mommy"; "Play cowboy and Indians"
act, play, represent - play a role or part; "Gielgud played Hamlet"; "She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role"; "She played the servant to her husband's master"
sham, feign, simulate, assume - make a pretence of; "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"
13.play - emit recorded sound; "The tape was playing for hours"; "the stereo was playing Beethoven when I entered"
run, play - cause to emit recorded audio or video; "They ran the tapes over and over again"; "I'll play you my favorite record"; "He never tires of playing that video"
sound - give off a certain sound or sounds; "This record sounds scratchy"
14.play - perform on a certain location; "The prodigy played Carnegie Hall at the age of 16"; "She has been playing on Broadway for years"
performing arts - arts or skills that require public performance
perform - give a performance (of something); "Horowitz is performing at Carnegie Hall tonight"; "We performed a popular Gilbert and Sullivan opera"
playact, roleplay, act, play - perform on a stage or theater; "She acts in this play"; "He acted in `Julius Caesar'"; "I played in `A Christmas Carol'"
15.play - put (a card or piece) into play during a game, or act strategically as if in a card game; "He is playing his cards close to his chest"; "The Democrats still have some cards to play before they will concede the electoral victory"
play - employ in a game or in a specific position; "They played him on first base"
play - use or move; "I had to play my queen"
deploy - place troops or weapons in battle formation
pitch - lead (a card) and establish the trump suit
cover - play a higher card than the one previously played; "Smith covered again"
declare - designate (a trump suit or no-trump) with the final bid of a hand
16.play - engage in an activity as if it were a game rather than take it seriously; "They played games on their opponents"; "play the stock market"; "play with her feelings"; "toy with an idea"
behave, act, do - behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself; "You should act like an adult"; "Don't behave like a fool"; "What makes her do this way?"; "The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"
17.play - behave in a certain way; "play safe"; "play it safe"; "play fair"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
play - act or have an effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome; "This factor played only a minor part in his decision"; "This development played into her hands"; "I played no role in your dismissal"
18.play - cause to emit recorded audio or video; "They ran the tapes over and over again"; "I'll play you my favorite record"; "He never tires of playing that video"
run - cause to perform; "run a subject"; "run a process"
play - emit recorded sound; "The tape was playing for hours"; "the stereo was playing Beethoven when I entered"
execute, run - carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine; "Run the dishwasher"; "run a new program on the Mac"; "the computer executed the instruction"
19.play - manipulate manually or in one's mind or imaginationplay - manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination; "She played nervously with her wedding ring"; "Don't fiddle with the screws"; "He played with the idea of running for the Senate"
manipulate - hold something in one's hands and move it
put out, retire - cause to be out on a fielding play
20.play - use to one's advantage; "She plays on her clients' emotions"
exploit, work - use or manipulate to one's advantage; "He exploit the new taxation system"; "She knows how to work the system"; "he works his parents for sympathy"
21.play - consider not very seriouslyplay - consider not very seriously; "He is trifling with her"; "She plays with the thought of moving to Tasmania"
look at, deal, consider, take - take into consideration for exemplifying purposes; "Take the case of China"; "Consider the following case"
dally, toy, flirt, play - behave carelessly or indifferently; "Play about with a young girl's affection"
22.play - be received or accepted or interpreted in a specific way; "This speech didn't play well with the American public"; "His remarks played to the suspicions of the committee"
23.play - behave carelessly or indifferentlyplay - behave carelessly or indifferently; "Play about with a young girl's affection"
trifle, dally, play - consider not very seriously; "He is trifling with her"; "She plays with the thought of moving to Tasmania"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
24.play - cause to move or operate freely within a bounded space; "The engine has a wheel that is playing in a rack"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
25.play - perform on a stage or theaterplay - perform on a stage or theater; "She acts in this play"; "He acted in `Julius Caesar'"; "I played in `A Christmas Carol'"
dramatic art, dramaturgy, theater, theatre, dramatics - the art of writing and producing plays
perform - give a performance (of something); "Horowitz is performing at Carnegie Hall tonight"; "We performed a popular Gilbert and Sullivan opera"
play - perform on a certain location; "The prodigy played Carnegie Hall at the age of 16"; "She has been playing on Broadway for years"
play - be performed or presented for public viewing; "What's playing in the local movie theater?"; "`Cats' has been playing on Broadway for many years"
act, play, represent - play a role or part; "Gielgud played Hamlet"; "She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role"; "She played the servant to her husband's master"
stooge - act as the stooge; "His role was to stooge for the popular comedian"
pantomime, mime - act out without words but with gestures and bodily movements only; "The acting students mimed eating an apple"
ham, ham it up, overact, overplay - exaggerate one's acting
underact, underplay - act (a role) with great restraint
act - be suitable for theatrical performance; "This scene acts well"
26.play - be performed or presented for public viewing; "What's playing in the local movie theater?"; "`Cats' has been playing on Broadway for many years"
performing arts - arts or skills that require public performance
debut - appear for the first time in public; "The new ballet that debuts next months at Covent Garden, is already sold out"
playact, roleplay, act, play - perform on a stage or theater; "She acts in this play"; "He acted in `Julius Caesar'"; "I played in `A Christmas Carol'"
27.play - cause to happen or to occur as a consequence; "I cannot work a miracle"; "wreak havoc"; "bring comments"; "play a joke"; "The rain brought relief to the drought-stricken area"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
work, act - have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected; "The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought"; "How does your idea work in practice?"; "This method doesn't work"; "The breaks of my new car act quickly"; "The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water"
28.play - discharge or direct or be discharged or directed as if in a continuous stream; "play water from a hose"; "The fountains played all day"
discharge - pour forth or release; "discharge liquids"
29.play - make bets; "Play the races"; "play the casinos in Trouville"
play - bet or wager (money); "He played $20 on the new horse"; "She plays the races"
wager, bet, play - stake on the outcome of an issue; "I bet $100 on that new horse"; "She played all her money on the dark horse"
30.play - stake on the outcome of an issueplay - stake on the outcome of an issue; "I bet $100 on that new horse"; "She played all her money on the dark horse"
gamble - play games for money
bet on, gage, game, stake, punt, back - place a bet on; "Which horse are you backing?"; "I'm betting on the new horse"
play - make bets; "Play the races"; "play the casinos in Trouville"
raise - bet more than the previous player
see - match or meet; "I saw the bet of one of my fellow players"
31.play - shoot or hit in a particular manner; "She played a good backhand last night"
encounter, take on, meet, play - contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle; "Princeton plays Yale this weekend"; "Charlie likes to play Mary"
hook - secure with the foot; "hook the ball"
hit - cause to move by striking; "hit a ball"
32.play - use or move; "I had to play my queen"
encounter, take on, meet, play - contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle; "Princeton plays Yale this weekend"; "Charlie likes to play Mary"
promote - change a pawn for a better piece by advancing it to the eighth row, or change a checker piece for a more valuable piece by moving it to the row closest to your opponent
play - put (a card or piece) into play during a game, or act strategically as if in a card game; "He is playing his cards close to his chest"; "The Democrats still have some cards to play before they will concede the electoral victory"
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize - put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer"
33.play - employ in a game or in a specific position; "They played him on first base"
encounter, take on, meet, play - contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle; "Princeton plays Yale this weekend"; "Charlie likes to play Mary"
play - put (a card or piece) into play during a game, or act strategically as if in a card game; "He is playing his cards close to his chest"; "The Democrats still have some cards to play before they will concede the electoral victory"
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize - put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer"
34.play - contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle; "Princeton plays Yale this weekend"; "Charlie likes to play Mary"
play - participate in games or sport; "We played hockey all afternoon"; "play cards"; "Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches"
confront, face - oppose, as in hostility or a competition; "You must confront your opponent"; "Jackson faced Smith in the boxing ring"; "The two enemies finally confronted each other"
play - employ in a game or in a specific position; "They played him on first base"
play - use or move; "I had to play my queen"
play - shoot or hit in a particular manner; "She played a good backhand last night"
replay - repeat a game against the same opponent; "Princeton replayed Harvard"
35.play - exhaust by allowing to pull on the line; "play a hooked fish"
exhaust, tucker, tucker out, wash up, beat - wear out completely; "This kind of work exhausts me"; "I'm beat"; "He was all washed up after the exam"

play

verb
1. amuse yourself, have fun, frolic, sport, fool, romp, revel, trifle, caper, frisk, gambol, entertain yourself, engage in games The children played in the garden.
2. take part in, be involved in, engage in, participate in, compete in, be in a team for I used to play basketball.
3. compete against, challenge, take on, rival, oppose, vie with, contend against Northern Ireland will play Latvia tomorrow.
4. hit, pass, shoot, kick Think before playing the ball
5. perform, carry out, execute Someone had played a trick on her.
6. act, portray, represent, perform, impersonate, act the part of, take the part of, personate His ambition is to play the part of Dracula.
7. perform on, strum, make music on Do you play the guitar?
noun
1. amusement, pleasure, leisure, games, sport, fun, entertainment, relaxation, a good time, recreation, enjoyment, romping, larks, capering, frolicking, junketing, fun and games, revelry, skylarking, living it up (informal), gambolling, horseplay, merrymaking Try to strike a balance between work and play. a few hours of play until you go to bed
2. drama, show, performance, piece, comedy, entertainment, tragedy, farce, soap opera, pantomime, stage show, television drama, radio play, masque, dramatic piece The company put on a play about the homeless.
3. movement, room, space, give (informal), swing, sweep, margin, slack, latitude, leeway, freedom of movement, elbowroom, free motion There should be just enough play to allow the trunk to expand.
4. scope, room, range, freedom, licence, liberty, indulgence, latitude, free rein a dazzling picture book which allows imaginations full play
5. operation, working, action, activity, movement, function, employment The play of chance may happen to favour either man.
in play in or for fun, for sport, for a joke, for a lark (informal), as a prank, for a jest It was done only in play, but they got a ticking off from the police.
play around
1. fool around, toy, fiddle, trifle, mess around, take something lightly He's not working, he's just playing around.
2. philander, have an affair, carry on (informal), fool around, dally, sleep around (informal), womanize, play away from home (informal) Up to 75 per cent of married men may be playing around.
play at something pretend to be, pose as, impersonate, make like (U.S. & Canad. informal), profess to be, assume the role of, give the appearance of, masquerade as, pass yourself off as rich people just playing at being farmers
play ball cooperate, play the game, show willing, pitch in (informal), play along, go along with the plan I was waiting until I knew if you and Jack would play ball.
play on or upon something take advantage of, abuse, exploit, impose on, trade on, misuse, milk, make use of, utilize, profit by, capitalize on, turn to your account I felt as if I was playing on her generosity.
play something down minimize, make light of, gloss over, talk down, underrate, underplay, pooh-pooh (informal), soft-pedal (informal), make little of, set no store by Western diplomats have played down the significance of the reports.
play something up emphasize, highlight, underline, magnify, stress, accentuate, foreground, point up, call attention to, turn the spotlight on, bring to the fore This increase in crime is definitely being played up by the media.
play up
1. (Brit. informal) hurt, be painful, bother you, trouble you, be sore, pain you, give you trouble, give you gyp (Brit. & N.Z. slang) My bad back is playing up again.
2. (Brit. informal) malfunction, not work properly, be on the blink (slang), be wonky (Brit. slang) The engine has started playing up.
3. (Brit. informal) be awkward, misbehave, give trouble, be disobedient, give someone grief (Brit. & S. African), be stroppy (Brit. slang), be bolshie (Brit. informal) The kids always play up in his class.
play up to someone (Informal) butter up, flatter, pander to, crawl to, get in with, suck up to (informal), curry favour with, toady, fawn over, keep someone sweet, kiss someone's ass (U.S. & Canad. taboo slang), brown-nose (taboo slang), bootlick (informal), ingratiate yourself to She plays up to journalists in the media.
play with something toy with, wiggle, fiddle with, jiggle, waggle, mess about with, fidget with She played idly with the strap of her handbag.
Quotations
"The play's the thing"
"Wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king" [William Shakespeare Hamlet]
"Play it Sam. Play `As Time Goes By'" [J. Epstein, P. Epstein, H. Koch and M. Curtiz Casablanca]

play

verb
1. To occupy oneself with amusement or diversion:
2. To move one's fingers or hands in a nervous or aimless fashion:
3. To make a bet:
Idiom: put one's money on something.
4. To treat lightly or flippantly:
5. To play the part of:
6. To make music:
7. To perform according to one's artistic conception:
8. To be performed:
9. To control to one's own advantage by artful or indirect means:
10. To cause to undergo or bear (something unwelcome or damaging, for example):
phrasal verb
play along
Informal. To agree to cooperate or participate:
phrasal verb
play around
Informal. To be sexually unfaithful to another:
phrasal verb
play down
To make less emphatic or obvious:
Informal: soft-pedal.
phrasal verb
play off
To place in opposition or be in opposition to:
Idioms: bump heads with, meet head-on, set at odds, set at someone's throat, trade blows.
phrasal verb
play out
1. To cause (a line) to become longer and less taut:
3. To make or become no longer active or productive:
phrasal verb
play upnoun
1. Activity engaged in for relaxation and amusement:
2. Actions taken as a joke:
4. Suitable opportunity to accept or allow something:
5. Ease of or space for movement:
Translations
يَعْزِفيَلْعَبيَلْعَب في لُعْبَة الوَرَقيَلْهويُمَثِّل
hrahráthrát sihrát tomihotat se
skuespilspillelegeoptrædereflektere
ludiludo
näytelmäpelatasoittaavälyspeli
dramaigraigrati sepredstavasvirati
darabholtjátékjátékjátszikkijátszik
leikaleika á, plataleika gegnleika sérleika um
演奏する競技を行う
놀다연극연주를 하다
ludus
aikštėjeaptvarėlisatgamintibūti vaidinamamdėtis
atpūtabrīvgājiensizklaideizmuļķotizspēlēt
jocjuca
hramihať sa
igraigratiigrati sepredvajatiigranje
spelapjässpelspela uppleka
เล่นเล่นดนตรีบทละคร
çalmakoynamakoyunoyun oynamakrol almak
chơivở kịch

play

[pleɪ]
A. N
1. (= recreation) → juego m
to be at playestar jugando
to do/say sth in playhacer/decir algo en broma
2. (Sport) → juego m; (= move, manoeuvre) → jugada f, movida f
neat playuna bonita jugada
a clever piece of playuna hábil jugada
play began at three o'clockel partido empezó a las tres
to be in play [ball] → estar en juego
to be out of play [ball] → estar fuera de juego
see also fair 1
see also foul E
3. (Theat) → obra f (de teatro), pieza f playsteatro msing
the plays of Lopelas obras dramáticas de Lope, el teatro de Lope
radio/television playobra f para radio/televisión
to be in a play [actor] → actuar en una obra
see also radio
4. (Tech etc) → juego m
there's not enough play in the ropela cuerda no da lo suficiente
there's too much play in the clutchel embrague tiene demasiada holgura or va demasiado suelto
5. (fig) (= interaction) the play of light on the waterel rielar de la luz sobre el agua
the play of light and dark in this pictureel efecto de luz y sombra en este cuadro
the free play of market forcesla libre interacción de los mercados
the play of ideas in the film is fascinatingel abanico de ideas en la película es fascinante
6. (fig phrases)
to bring or call into playponer en juego
to come into playentrar en juego
to make a play for sth/sbintentar conseguir algo/conquistar a algn
to make (a) great play of sthinsistir en algo, hacer hincapié en algo
a play on wordsun juego de palabras
B. VT
1. [+ football, tennis, chess, bridge, cards, board game etc] → jugar a; [+ game, match] → jugar, disputar
do you play football?¿juegas al fútbol?
what position does he play?¿de qué juega?
to play centre-forward/centre-half etcjugar de delantero centro/medio centro etc
they played him in goallo pusieron en la portería
to play a game of tennisjugar un partido de tenis
to play a game of cards (with sb)echar una partida de cartas (con algn)
the children were playing a game in the gardenlos niños estaban jugando (a un juego) en el jardín
don't play games with me! (fig) → ¡no me vengas con jueguecitos!, ¡no trates de engañarme!
to play the field (= have many girlfriends, boyfriends) → darse al ligue
to play the game (= get involved) → tomar parte, mojarse; (= play fair) → acatar las normas
2. [+ team, opponent] → jugar contra
I played him twicejugué contra él dos veces
last time we played Sunderlandla última vez que jugamos contra Sunderland ...
to play sb at chessjugar contra algn al ajedrez
I'll play you for the drinksquien pierde paga
3. [+ card] → jugar; [+ ball] → golpear; [+ chess piece etc] → mover; [+ fish] → dejar que se canse, agotar
he played the ball into the net (Tennis) → estrelló or golpeó la pelota contra la red
to play the market (St Ex) → jugar a la bolsa
to play one's cards right or welljugar bien sus cartas
he played his acesacó el as que llevaba escondido en la manga
to play ball (with sb) (= cooperate) → colaborar (con algn)
4. (= perform) [+ role, part] → hacer, interpretar; [+ work] → representar; (= perform in) [+ town] → actuar en
what part did you play?¿qué papel tuviste?
when we played "Hamlet"cuando representamos "Hamlet"
when I played Hamletcuando hice el papel de Hamlet
we shall be playing the West Endpondremos la obra en el West End
when we last played Blackpoolcuando actuamos la última vez en Blackpool
let's play it for laughshagámoslo de manera burlesca
to play the peacemaker/the devoted husband (fig) → hacer el papel de pacificador/de marido amantísimo
we could have played it differently (fig) → podríamos haber actuado de otra forma
to play it coolmantener el tipo, actuar como si nada
to play (it) safeobrar con cautela, ser prudente
see also book A1
see also fool A1
see also trick A1
5. (Mus etc) [+ instrument, note] → tocar; [+ tune, concerto] → tocar, interpretar (more frm); [+ tape, CD] → poner, tocar
to play the piano/violintocar el piano/el violín
they played the 5th Symphonytocaron or (more frm) interpretaron la Quinta Sinfonía
they were playing Beethoventocaban or (more frm) interpretaban algo de Beethoven
I can't play a noteno tengo ni idea de música
6. (= direct) [+ light, hose] → dirigir
to play hoses on a firedirigir mangueras sobre un incendio
to play a searchlight on an aircraftdirigir un reflector hacia un avión, hacer de un avión el blanco de un reflector
C. VI
1. (= amuse o.s.) [child] → jugar; [puppy, kitten etc] → jugar, juguetear
to go out to playsalir a jugar
to play with a stickjuguetear con un palo
to play with an ideadar vueltas a una idea, barajar una idea
to play with one's foodcomiscar
to play with fire (fig) → jugar con fuego
he's got money to play withtiene dinero de sobra
how much time/money do we have to play with?¿con cuánto tiempo/dinero contamos?, ¿de cuánto tiempo/dinero disponemos?
he's just playing with youse está burlando de ti
to play with o.stocarse, masturbarse
2. (Sport) (at game, gamble) → jugar
play!¡listo!
who plays first?¿quién juega primero?
are you playing today?¿tu juegas hoy?
I've not played for a long timehace mucho tiempo que no juego
England are playing against Scotland in the finalInglaterra jugará contra or se enfrentará a Escocia en la final
to play at chessjugar al ajedrez
they're playing at soldiersestán jugando a (los) soldados
he's just playing at itlo hace para pasar el tiempo nada más
the little girl plays at being a womanla niña juega a ser mujer
what are you playing at?pero ¿qué haces?, ¿qué te pasa?
to play by the rules (fig) → acatar las normas
to play fairjugar limpio
he plays for Liverpooljuega en el Liverpool
to play for moneyjugar por dinero
to play for high stakes (lit) → apostar muy alto (fig) → poner mucho en juego
to play in defence/goal (Sport) → jugar de defensa/de portero
he played into the trees (Golf) → mandó la bola a la zona de árboles
to play for timetratar de ganar tiempo
to play into sb's handshacer el juego a algn
to play to one's strengthssacar partido a sus cualidades
3. (Mus) [person] → tocar; [instrument, record etc] → sonar
do you play?¿sabes tocar?
a record was playing in the backgroundde fondo sonaba un disco
when the organ playscuando suena el órgano
will you play for us?¿nos tocas algo?
to play on the pianotocar el piano
to play to sbtocar para algn
4. (Theat, Cine) (= act) → actuar
to play in a filmtrabajar en una película
we have played all over the Southhemos representado en todas partes del Sur
the film now playing at the Odeonla película que se exhíbe or proyecta en el Odeon
to play hard to gethacerse de rogar; [woman] → hacerse la difícil
to play deadhacerse el muerto
see also gallery
5. (= move about, form patterns) → correr
the sun was playing on the waterrielaba el sol sobre el agua
a smile played on his lipsuna sonrisa le bailaba en los labios
6. [fountain] → correr, funcionar
D. CPD play clothes NPLropa f para jugar
play reading Nlectura f (de una obra dramática)
play about VI + ADV = play around
play along
A. VI + ADV to play along (with sb) (fig) → seguir el juego (a algn)
B. VT + ADV to play sb along (fig) → dar largas a algn
play around VI + ADV
1. (also play about) [children] → jugar, divertirse
2. (= sleep around) → dormir con cualquiera
3. to play around or about with sth (= fiddle with) → juguetear con algo; (= tamper with) → toquetear algo
I played around with the programme till it workedensayé el programa de varias maneras hasta hacerlo funcionar bien
to play around with an ideadar vueltas a una idea, barajar una idea
play back VT + ADV [+ tape] → poner
play down VT + ADV (= downplay) → minimizar, quitar importancia a
play in VT + ADV
1. the band played the procession intocaba la orquesta mientras entraba el desfile
2. (Sport etc) to play o.s. inacostumbrarse a las condiciones de juego
play off
A. VT + ADV to play one person off against anotherenfrentar a una persona con otra
B. VI + ADV (Sport) → jugar un partido de desempate
play on
A. VI + PREP (= take advantage of) → aprovecharse de, explotar
to play on sb's emotionsjugar con las emociones de algn
to play on sb's credulityexplotar la credulidad de algn
to play on wordsjugar con las palabras
to play on sb's nerves (= be irritating) → afectar los nervios a algn
B. VI + ADV (Mus) → seguir tocando (Sport) → seguir jugando
play on!¡adelante!
play out VT + ADV
1. (= enact) → llevar a cabo; [+ fantasy etc] → realizar
they are playing out a drama of revengeestán representando un drama de venganza
2. to be played out [person, argument] → estar agotado
3. the organ played the congregation outel órgano iba tocando mientras salían los fieles
play over play through VT + ADV to play a piece of music over or throughtocar una pieza entera
play up
A. VI + ADV
1. (Brit) (= cause trouble) [children] → dar guerra
the car is playing upel coche no anda bien
my stomach is playing up againel estómago me está dando problemas otra vez, mi estómago vuelve a darme problemas
2. (= flatter) to play up to sbhalagar a algn, dar coba a algn (Sp)
3. (Sport) (o.f.) → jugar mejor, jugar con más ánimo
play up!¡ánimo!, ¡aúpa!
B. VT + ADV
1. (Brit) (= cause trouble to) to play sb updar la lata a algn (Sp) , fregar a algn (LAm)
the kids play her up dreadfullylos chavales or (LAm) los chicos le dan guerra de mala manera
his rheumatism is playing him upel reúma le está fastidiando
2. (= exaggerate) → exagerar, encarecer
play upon VI + PREP = play on A

play

[ˈpleɪ]
n
(= recreation) → jeu m
Children's play prepares them for adulthood → Le jeu chez les enfants les prépare à leur vie d'adulte.
(in sports, games)jeu m
Rain again interrupted play at Wimbledon today → La pluie a une nouvelle fois interrompu le jeu à Wimbledon aujourd'hui.
Fischer won after 5 hours of play → Fisher a gagné après cinq heures de jeu.
style of play → style de jeu
(THEATRE)pièce f (de théâtre)
a play by Shakespeare → une pièce de Shakespeare
to put on a play → monter une pièce
to act in a play → jouer dans une pièce
[moving part] → jeu m
(US) (SPORT) (= manoeuvre) → phase f de jeu
[light] → jeu m
to bring sth into play → faire entrer qch en jeu
to be brought into play → entrer en jeu
to call sth into play → faire entrer qch en jeu
to come into play → entrer en jeu
vt
[+ game] → jouer à
I play hockey → Je joue au hockey.
Can you play pool? → Tu sais jouer au billard américain?
Let's play a game → Jouons à un jeu.
to play cards → jouer aux cartes
to play a heart → jouer un cœur
[+ team, opponent] → jouer contre
France will play Scotland next month → La France jouera contre l'Écosse le mois prochain.
[+ ball, shot] → jouer
think first before playing the ball → pensez avant de jouer le ballon
(MUSIC) [+ instrument] → jouer de
I play the guitar → Je joue de la guitare.
Can you play the piano? → Sais-tu jouer du piano?
(MUSIC) [+ piece of music, note] → jouer
What sort of music do they play? → Quel genre de musique jouent-ils?
to play a concert → se produire en concert
(= put on) [+ tape, CD] → mettre
She's always playing that record → Elle met tout le temps ce disque.
to play a trick on sb → jouer un tour à qn
to play a joke on sb → jouer un tour à qn
(THEATRE, CINEMA) [+ part] → jouer
Gwen Taylor played the part of Christine → Gwen Taylor jouait le rôle de Christine.
His ambition is to play Lear → Il ambitionne de jouer Lear.
to play a part in sth (fig)jouer un rôle dans qch
to play a large part in sth → jouer un grand rôle dans qch
to play a role in sth (fig)jouer un rôle dans qch
to play a major role in sth → jouer un rôle majeur dans qch
The UN would play a major role in monitoring a ceasefire → Les Nations unies joueraient un rôle majeur dans le contrôle du cessez-le-feu.
(= behave in a certain way) to play it cautious → jouer la prudence
investors are playing it cautious → les investisseurs jouent la prudence
to play it cool → garder son sang-froid
to play it safe → jouer la prudence, jouer la sécurité
(= pretend to be) → jouer
to play the innocent → jouer l'innocent
vi
[children] → jouer
to play with sb → jouer avec qn
He's playing with his friends → Il joue avec ses amis.
to play with sth → jouer avec qch
Polly was playing with her teddy bear → Polly jouait avec son nounours.
(SPORT, GAMES)jouer
to play against sb → jouer contre qn
[musician, orchestra] → jouer
[music, CD] → passer
[actor] → jouer
to play in a film → jouer dans un film
(= be on) [film, play] → être à l'affiche
(= behave a certain way) to play safe → jouer la prudence, jouer la sécurité
[light] → jouer
The sun played on the frosty roofs → Le soleil jouait sur les toits couverts de givre.
play about
vi
(= have fun) → s'amuser
play about with
vt fus
(= toy with) → jouer avec
(= reorganize) [+ layout, graphics] → jouer avec
(= explore possibilities of) [+ computers, ideas, methods] → jouer avec
(= tamper with) → jouer avec
play along
vi
(= pretend to cooperate) → se prêter au jeu
play along with
vt fus (= pretend to cooperate) [+ person] → entrer dans le jeu de; [+ charade, pretence, fantasy] → se prêter à
play around
vi
(= have fun) → s'amuser
(= act the fool) → faire l'imbécile
(= have affairs) → avoir des aventures
play around with
vt fus
(= toy with) → s'amuser avec
(= reorganize) [+ layout, pictures] → jouer avec
I'm just playing around with the pictures, seeing what looks best → Je joue juste avec les images pour voir ce qui rend le mieux.
(= explore possibilities of) [+ ideas, methods] → jouer avec
(= tamper with) → jouer avec
(= have an affair with) → avoir une aventure avec
play at
vt fus
[+ politics, war] → jouer à
[child] → jouer à
They're playing at soldiers → Ils jouent aux soldats.
(= do) what's he playing at? → à quoi il joue ?
she began to wonder what he was playing at → elle commençait à se demander à quoi il jouait
what are you playing at? → à quoi tu joues ?
play back
vt sep [+ message, tape, film] → repasser
play down
vt sepminimiser
He tried to play down his illness → Il a essayé de minimiser sa maladie.
play for
vt fus
(SPORT) [+ team] → jouer pour
He plays for Manchester United → Il joue pour Manchester United.
(in games) to play for money → jouer de l'argent
to play for time → chercher à gagner du temps
it's all to play for → tout reste à jouer
play off against
vt sep
to play one off against the other → jouer une personne contre une autre
play on
vt fus [+ sb's feelings, fears] → jouer sur
to play on sb's nerves → jouer sur les nerfs de qn
to play on sb's mind → tarabuster qn
play up
vi (= cause trouble) [engine, child] → faire des siennes
vt sep
to play sb up [part of body] → causer du souci à qn
play with
vt fus (= toy with) → jouer avec

play

n
(= amusement, gambling)Spiel nt; to be at playbeim Spielen sein; to do/say something in playetw aus Spaß tun/sagen; play on wordsWortspiel nt; children at playspielende Kinder; children learn through playKinder lernen beim Spiel; he lost £800 in a few hours’ player hat beim Spiel innerhalb von ein paar Stunden £ 800 verloren
(Sport) → Spiel nt; to abandon playdas Spiel abbrechen; because of bad weather play was impossiblees konnte wegen schlechten Wetters nicht gespielt werden; in a clever piece of play, in a clever play (US) → in einem klugen Schachzug; there was some exciting play toward(s) the endgegen Ende gab es einige spannende (Spiel)szenen; to be in play/out of play (ball) → im Spiel/im Aus sein; to kick the ball out of playden Ball aus or ins Aus schießen
(Tech, Mech) → Spiel nt; 1 mm (of) play1 mm Spiel
(Theat) → (Theater)stück nt; (Rad) → Hörspiel nt; (TV) → Fernsehspiel nt; the plays of ShakespeareShakespeares Dramen
(fig: = moving patterns) → Spiel nt
(fig phrases) to come into playins Spiel kommen; to give full play to one’s imaginationseiner Fantasie or Phantasie (dat)freien Lauf lassen; the game allows the child’s imagination (to be given) full playdas Spiel gestattet die freie Entfaltung der kindlichen Fantasie; to bring or call something into playetw aufbieten or einsetzen; the play of opposing forcesdas Widerspiel der Kräfte; the free play of market forcesdas freie Spiel der Marktkräfte; to make great play of something (Brit) → viel Aufhebens von etw machen; to make great play of doing something (Brit) → viel Wind darum machen, etw zu tun; to make a play for somebodysich um jdn bemühen; to make a play for somethinges auf etw (acc)abgesehen haben
vt
game, card, ball, positionspielen; playeraufstellen, einsetzen; to play somebody (at a game)gegen jdn (ein Spiel) spielen; to play ball (with somebody)(mit jdm) mitspielen; to play shop(Kaufmanns)laden spielen, Kaufmann spielen; to play a joke on somebodyjdm einen Streich spielen; to play a mean/dirty trick on somebodyjdn auf gemeine/schmutzige Art hereinlegen; to play the company gamesich in der Firma profilieren wollen; they’re all playing the gamedie machen doch alle mit ? card1, game1, market, helletc
(Theat, fig) partspielen; (= perform in) townspielen in (+dat); to play it safeauf Nummer sicher gehen (inf); to play it cautious/clevervorsichtig/klug vorgehen; to play the foolden Clown spielen, herumblödeln (inf); he was playing the jealous loverer spielte den eifersüchtigen Liebhaber ? cool ADJ d
instrument, record, tunespielen; to play the pianoKlavier spielen; to play something through/overetw durchspielen
(= direct) lights, jet of waterrichten
(Fishing) → drillen
vi
(esp child)spielen; to go out to playrausgehen und spielen; run away and play!geh spielen!; can Johnny come out to play?darf Johnny zum Spielen rauskommen?; he wouldn’t play (fig inf)er wollte nicht mitspielen (inf)
(Sport, at game, = gamble) → spielen; England plays against Scotland next weekEngland spielt nächste Woche gegen Schottland; he plays for Celticer spielt für Celtic; to play at mothers and fathers/cowboys and IndiansVater und Mutter/Cowboy und Indianer spielen; to play at being a firemanFeuerwehrmann spielen; he was playing at being angryseine Wut war gespielt; play!Anspiel!; to play in defencein der Abwehr spielen; to play in goalim Tor stehen; he’s just playing at iter tut nur so; what are you playing at? (inf)was soll (denn) das? (inf); to play for moneyum Geld spielen; to play for time (fig)Zeit gewinnen wollen; to play into somebody’s hands (fig)jdm in die Hände spielen; to play to one’s strengthsseine Stärken ausspielen
(Mus) → spielen; to play to somebodyjdm vorspielen
(= move about, form patterns) (sun, light, water)spielen; (fountain)tanzen; a smile played on his lipsein Lächeln spielte um seine Lippen; the firemen’s hoses played on the flamesdie Schläuche der Feuerwehrmänner waren auf die Flammen gerichtet; the searchlights played over the roofsdie Suchscheinwerfer strichen über die Dächer
(Theat) (= act)spielen; (= be performed)gespielt werden
(Sport: ground, pitch) → sich bespielen lassen; the pitch plays well/badlyauf dem Platz spielt es sich gut/schlecht

play

:
play-act
vi (dated Theat) → schauspielern; (fig also)Theater spielen
play-acting
n (dated Theat) → Schauspielerei f; (fig also)Theater(spiel) nt
play-actor
n (dated Theat) → Mime m (old, geh), → Mimin f (old, geh), → Schauspieler(in) m(f) (also fig)
playback
n (= switch, recording)Wiedergabe f; (= playing-back also)Abspielen nt; the producer asked for a playder Produzent bat um eine Wiedergabe or ein Playback; they listened to the play of their conversationsie hörten sich (dat)die Aufnahme ihres Gespräches an
playbill
n (= poster)Theaterplakat nt; (US: = programme) → Theaterprogramm nt
playboy
nPlayboy m
playclothes
pl (US) → Sport-/Freizeitkleidung f
play console
n (Comput) → Spiel(e)konsole f

play

:
playgoer
nTheaterbesucher(in) m(f)
playground
nSpielplatz m; (Sch) → (Schul)hof m; (fig)Tummelplatz m, → Spielwiese f
playgroup
nSpielgruppe f
playhouse
n
(= children’s house)Spielhaus nt; (US: = doll’s house) → Puppenstube f
(Theat) → Schaubühne f (dated), → Schauspielhaus nt

play

:
playlist
n (Rad) CDs, Platten etc, die von einem Radiosender gespielt werden; artists who don’t often make it on to the plays of radio stationsKünstler, die nicht oft im Radio gespielt werden
playmaker
n (Sport) → Spielmacher(in) m(f)
playmate
nSpielkamerad(in) m(f)
play-off
nEntscheidungsspiel nt, → Play-off nt; (= extra time)Verlängerung f
play park
nSpielplatz m
playpen
nLaufstall m, → Laufgitter nt
playroom
nSpielzimmer nt
playschool
n (esp Brit) → Kindergarten m
playsuit
nKombination fmit kurzer Hose, Spielanzug m
plaything
n (lit, fig)Spielzeug nt
playtime
nZeit fzum Spielen; (Sch) → große Pause
playwear
n (US) → Sport-/Freizeitkleidung f

play

[pleɪ]
1. n
a. (recreation) → gioco
the children were at play → i bambini giocavano
to do/say sth in play → fare/dire qc per scherzo
a play on words → un gioco di parole
b. (Sport) → gioco
play began at 3 o'clock → la partita è cominciata alle 3
there was some good play in the first half → ci sono state delle belle azioni nel primo tempo
to be in/out of play (ball) → essere in/fuori gioco
c. (Theatre) → opera teatrale
radio/television play → commedia radiofonica/per la televisione
d. (Tech) (movement, give) → gioco
there's not enough play in the rope → la fune non ha abbastanza gioco
e. (fig phrases) to bring or call into play (plan) → mettere in azione; (emotions) → esprimere
to give full play to one's imagination → dare libero sfogo alla propria fantasia
to make great play of sth → giocare molto su qc
to make a play for sb → fare il filo a qn
to make a play for sth → darsi da fare per ottenere qc
the play of light on the water → i giochi di luce sull'acqua
2. vt
a. (match, card) → giocare; (cards, chess, tennis) → giocare a; (opponent) → giocare contro; (chesspiece) → muovere
to play a game of tennis → giocare una partita a tennis
to play sb at chess → giocare contro qn a scacchi
they played him in goal → l'hanno fatto giocare in porta
don't play games with me (fam) → non prendermi in giro
to play a trick on sb → fare uno scherzo a qn
my eyes must be playing tricks on me → devo avere le traveggole
to play the field (sexually) → darsi da fare in campo amoroso
to play a fish (Angling) → stancare un pesce
b. (perform, role) → interpretare; (play) → rappresentare, dare; (perform in, town) → esibirsi a, dare uno spettacolo (or una serie di spettacoli) a
to play sth for laughs → interpretare qc in chiave comica
c. (instrument, piece of music) → suonare; (record) → mettere; (radio) → ascoltare
d. (direct, light, hose) → puntare, dirigere
3. vi
a. (gen) → giocare
to play at tennis → giocare a tennis
to go out to play → andar fuori a giocare
to play with a stick → giocherellare con un bastone
they're playing at soldiers → stanno giocando ai soldati
to play with fire (fig) → scherzare col fuoco
to play for money → giocare a soldi
to play for time (fig) → cercare di guadagnar tempo
to play into sb's hands (fig) → fare il gioco di qn
to play safe → giocare sul sicuro
to play hard to get → fare il/la prezioso/a
what are you playing at? (fam) → cosa cavolo stai facendo?
he's just playing at it → non lo sta prendendo sul serio
b. (move about, form patterns) we watched the fountains playingguardavamo i giochi d'acqua delle fontane
the sun was playing on the water → il sole creava giochi di luce sull'acqua
a smile played on his lips → un sorriso gli sfiorò le labbra
c. (Mus) → suonare; (radio) → essere acceso/a
to play on the piano → suonare il piano
d. (Theatre, Cine) → recitare (una parte)
to play dead (fig) → fingere di essere morto/a
play about play around vi + adv (person) → divertirsi
to play about or around with (fiddle with) → giocherellare con (idea) → accarezzare
play along
1. vi + adv to play along with (fig) (person) → stare al gioco di; (plan, idea) → fingere di assecondare
2. vt + adv to play sb along (fig) → illudere qn
play around vi = play about
play back vt + advriascoltare, risentire
play down vt + advminimizzare
play off
1. vt + adv to play X off against Ymettere X e Y l'uno/a contro l'altro/a
2. vi + adv (Sport) → giocare lo spareggio
play on
1. vi + adv (Sport) → continuare a giocare (Mus) → continuare a suonare
2. vi + prep (sb's feelings, credulity) → giocare su
to play on sb's nerves → dare sui nervi a qn
play out vt + adv (enact) → mettere in atto
play through vt + adv (piece) → suonare
play up
1. vi + adv
a. (Brit) (fam) (cause trouble, child, engine) → fare i capricci; (leg, ulcer) → farsi sentire
b. (fam) (flatter) to play up to sbarruffianarsi qn
2. vt + adv
a. (fam) (cause trouble to) to play sb up (subj, child) → combinarne di tutti i colori a qn; (leg) → fare male a qn
b. (exaggerate) → esagerare, gonfiare

play

(plei) verb
1. to amuse oneself. The child is playing in the garden; He is playing with his toys; The little girl wants to play with her friends.
2. to take part in (games etc). He plays football; He is playing in goal; Here's a pack of cards – who wants to play (with me)?; I'm playing golf with him this evening.
3. to act in a play etc; to act (a character). She's playing Lady Macbeth; The company is playing in London this week.
4. (of a play etc) to be performed. `Oklahoma' is playing at the local theatre.
5. to (be able to) perform on (a musical instrument). She plays the piano; Who was playing the piano this morning?; He plays (the oboe) in an orchestra.
6. (usually with on) to carry out or do (a trick). He played a trick on me.
7. (usually with at) to compete against (someone) in a game etc. I'll play you at tennis.
8. (of light) to pass with a flickering movement. The firelight played across the ceiling.
9. to direct (over or towards something). The firemen played their hoses over the burning house.
10. to put down or produce (a playing-card) as part of a card game. He played the seven of hearts.
noun
1. recreation; amusement. A person must have time for both work and play.
2. an acted story; a drama. Shakespeare wrote many great plays.
3. the playing of a game. At the start of today's play, England was leading India by fifteen runs.
4. freedom of movement (eg in part of a machine).
ˈplayer noun
ˈplayable adjective
(negative unplayable) (of a ground, pitch etc) not good enough for a game to be played on it. Because of the rain the referee decided the ground was not playable.
ˈplayful adjective
1. happy; full of the desire to play. a playful kitten.
2. joking; not serious. a playful remark.
ˈplayfully adverb
ˈplayfulness noun
ˈplayboy noun
a rich man who spends his time and money on pleasure.
ˈplayground noun
an area in which children can play in a park, outside a school etc.
ˈplaying-card noun
one of a pack of cards used in card games.
ˈplaying-field noun
a field which is specially prepared and used for sport.
ˈplaymate noun
a childhood friend.
ˈplaypen noun
a small wooden structure with bars on every side in which a small child can play safely.
ˈplayschool noun
an informal nursery school.
ˈplaything noun
a toy.
ˈplaytime noun
a set time for children to play (at school etc). The children go outside at playtime.
ˈplaywright noun
a person who writes plays. He is a famous playwright.
at play
playing. children at play.
bring/come into play
to (cause to) be used or exercised. The job allowed him to bring all his talents into play.
child's play
something that is very easy. Of course you can do it – it's child's play!
in play, out of play
(of a ball) according to the rules of the game, (not) in a position where it can be hit, kicked etc.
play at
1. to pretend to be etc. The children were playing at cowboys and Indians.
2. used when asking angrily what someone is doing. What does he think he's playing at (=doing)?
play back to play (music, speech etc) on a record or tape after it has just been recorded (noun ˈplay-back)
play down
to try to make (something) appear less important. He played down the fact that he had failed the exam.
play fair
to act honestly and fairly.
play for time
to delay an action, decision etc in the hope that conditions will improve.
play havoc with
to cause a lot of damage to. The storm played havoc with the farmer's crops.
play into someone's hands
to do exactly what an opponent or enemy wants one to do.
play off (in games) to play a final deciding game after a draw (noun ˈplay-off)
play off against
to set (one person) against (another) in order to gain an advantage. He played his father off against his mother to get more pocket money.
play on
to make use of (someone's feelings, fears etc). He played on my sympathy until I lent him $10.
play a/no part in
(not) to be one of the people who are doing (something). He played no part in the robbery.
play safe
to take no risks.
play the game
to act fairly and honestly.
play up
to be troublesome or disobedient. The children are playing up today.

play

مَسْرَحِيَّة, يَعْزِف, يَلْعَب hra, hrát, hrát si lege, skuespil, spille spielen, Theaterstück θεατρικό έργο, παίζω jugar, obra, tocar näytelmä, pelata, soittaa jouer, pièce drama, igrati se, svirati giocare, spettacolo teatrale, suonare, 演奏する, 競技を行う 놀다, 연극, 연주를 하다 spelen, toneelstuk skuespill, spille gra, zagrać brincar, peça teatral, tocar игра, играть pjäs, spela เล่น, เล่นดนตรี, บทละคร çalmak, oynamak, oyun chơi, vở kịch 游戏, 演奏, 进行比赛

play

v. jugar; [an instrument] tocar.
References in classic literature ?
There is so much to do about the play for Christmas night," said Jo, marching up and down, with her hands behind her back, and her nose in the air.
Her husband's quiet tastes irritate her, I think, and she finds it worth while to play the patroness to a group of young poets and painters of advanced ideas and mediocre ability.
At an early hour in the evening the Farival twins were prevailed upon to play the piano.
He had never, at any rate, been such a little gentleman as when, after our early dinner on this dreadful day, he came round to me and asked if I shouldn't like him, for half an hour, to play to me.
Now the Princess came walking past with all her ladies-in- waiting, and when she heard the tune she stood still and her face beamed with joy, for she also could play 'Where is Augustus dear?
And then what shall I say of their attention to the time in which the action they represent may or can take place, save that I have seen a play where the first act began in Europe, the second in Asia, the third finished in Africa, and no doubt, had it been in four acts, the fourth would have ended in America, and so it would have been laid in all four quarters of the globe?
The business of finding a play that would suit everybody proved to be no trifle; and the carpenter had received his orders and taken his measurements, had suggested and removed at least two sets of difficulties, and having made the necessity of an enlargement of plan and expense fully evident, was already at work, while a play was still to seek.
Although I had made up my mind to play, I felt averse to doing so on behalf of some one else.
Then the countryman rejoiced at his good luck, and said, 'I like many things better than money: first, I will have a bow that will bring down everything I shoot at; secondly, a fiddle that will set everyone dancing that hears me play upon it; and thirdly, I should like that everyone should grant what I ask.
The moment in the day's play which they enjoyed most was when they were saying: 'Well, here's luck
But, though both labour and rest are necessary, yet the latter is preferable to the first; and by all means we ought to learn what we should do when at rest: for we ought not to employ that time at play; for then play would be the necessary business of our lives.
Sometimes they seemed to think that it was his fault if he could not play football, and he was unable to make them understand.