plead


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to plead: Plead guilty, Plead the 5th

plead

 (plēd)
v. plead·ed or pled (plĕd), or plead, plead·ing, pleads
v.intr.
1. To appeal earnestly; beg: plead for more time.
2. To offer reasons for or against something; argue earnestly: plead against a bill.
3. To provide an argument or appeal: Your youth pleads for you in this instance.
4. Law To respond to a criminal charge: plead guilty.
v.tr.
1. To assert as defense, vindication, or excuse; claim as a plea: plead illness as the reason for his absence.
2. Law
a. To specify (a cause of action or defense): plead a First Amendment claim.
b. To set forth in a pleading: plead that plaintiff suffered damages as a result of the breach of contract.

[Middle English pleden, plaiden, from Old French plaidier, from Medieval Latin placitāre, to appeal to the law, from Late Latin placitum, decree, opinion; see plea.]

plead′a·ble adj.
plead′er n.
plead′ing·ly adv.
Usage Note: In strict legal usage, one is said to plead guilty or plead not guilty but not to plead innocent. In nonlegal contexts, however, plead innocent is well established. · The Usage Panel prefers the past tense pleaded over pled outside of legal contexts. In our 2008 survey, the entire Panel found pleaded acceptable in He pleaded with me to give him the part, in contrast to 60 percent who accepted the same sentence using pled, and only 38 who found pled completely acceptable in this use.

plead

(pliːd)
vb, pleads, pleading, pleaded, plead (plɛd) or esp US and Scot pled (plɛd)
1. (when: intr, often foll by with) to appeal earnestly or humbly (to)
2. (tr; may take a clause as object) to give as an excuse; offer in justification or extenuation: to plead ignorance; he pleaded that he was insane.
3. (often foll by: for) to provide an argument or appeal (for): her beauty pleads for her.
4. (Law) law to declare oneself to be (guilty or not guilty) in answer to the charge
5. (Law) law to advocate (a case) in a court of law
6. (Law) (intr) law
a. to file pleadings
b. to address a court as an advocate
[C13: from Old French plaidier, from Medieval Latin placitāre to have a lawsuit, from Latin placēre to please; see plea]
ˈpleadable adj
ˈpleader n

plead

(plid)

v. plead•ed pled, plead•ing. v.i.
1. to appeal or entreat earnestly; beg: to plead for time.
2. to use arguments or persuasions.
3. to afford an argument or appeal: His youth pleads for him.
4.
a. to make any allegation or plea in an action at law.
b. (of a defendant) to answer a charge.
c. to address a court as an advocate.
d. to prosecute a suit or action at law.
v.t.
5. to allege or urge in defense, justification, or excuse: to plead ignorance.
6.
a. to argue (a cause) before a court.
b. to allege formally in a court action.
c. to allege or cite as a defense.
[1200–50; Middle English plaiden < Old French plaid(i)er to go to law, plead < early Medieval Latin placitāre to litigate, derivative of Latin placitum opinion. See plea]
plead′a•ble, adj.
plead′er, n.

plead


Past participle: plead
Gerund: pleading

Imperative
plead
plead
Present
I plead
you plead
he/she/it pleads
we plead
you plead
they plead
Preterite
I pleaded
you pleaded
he/she/it pleaded
we pleaded
you pleaded
they pleaded
Present Continuous
I am pleading
you are pleading
he/she/it is pleading
we are pleading
you are pleading
they are pleading
Present Perfect
I have plead
you have plead
he/she/it has plead
we have plead
you have plead
they have plead
Past Continuous
I was pleading
you were pleading
he/she/it was pleading
we were pleading
you were pleading
they were pleading
Past Perfect
I had plead
you had plead
he/she/it had plead
we had plead
you had plead
they had plead
Future
I will plead
you will plead
he/she/it will plead
we will plead
you will plead
they will plead
Future Perfect
I will have plead
you will have plead
he/she/it will have plead
we will have plead
you will have plead
they will have plead
Future Continuous
I will be pleading
you will be pleading
he/she/it will be pleading
we will be pleading
you will be pleading
they will be pleading
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pleading
you have been pleading
he/she/it has been pleading
we have been pleading
you have been pleading
they have been pleading
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pleading
you will have been pleading
he/she/it will have been pleading
we will have been pleading
you will have been pleading
they will have been pleading
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pleading
you had been pleading
he/she/it had been pleading
we had been pleading
you had been pleading
they had been pleading
Conditional
I would plead
you would plead
he/she/it would plead
we would plead
you would plead
they would plead
Past Conditional
I would have plead
you would have plead
he/she/it would have plead
we would have plead
you would have plead
they would have plead
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.plead - appeal or request earnestly; "I pleaded with him to stop"
appeal, invoke - request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection; "appeal to somebody for help"; "Invoke God in times of trouble"
beg, implore, pray - call upon in supplication; entreat; "I beg you to stop!"
adjure, beseech, entreat, conjure, bid, press - ask for or request earnestly; "The prophet bid all people to become good persons"
2.plead - offer as an excuse or plea; "She was pleading insanity"
apologise, rationalize, apologize, rationalise, justify, excuse - defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning; "rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"; "he rationalized his lack of success"
3.plead - enter a plea, as in courts of law; "She pleaded not guilty"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
4.plead - make an allegation in an action or other legal proceeding, especially answer the previous pleading of the other party by denying facts therein stated or by alleging new facts
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
allege, aver, say - report or maintain; "He alleged that he was the victim of a crime"; "He said it was too late to intervene in the war"; "The registrar says that I owe the school money"
demur - enter a demurrer

plead

verb
1. appeal, ask, request, beg, petition, crave, solicit, implore, beseech, entreat, importune, supplicate He was kneeling on the floor pleading for mercy.
2. allege, claim, argue, maintain, assert, put forward, adduce, use as an excuse The guards pleaded that they were only obeying orders.

plead

verb
To make an earnest or urgent request:
Archaic: conjure.
Translations
يَترافَع أمام القَضاءيُدافِع عن قَضِيَّة المُتَّهَميَلْتَمِس الرَّحْمَه، يَتَوَسَّل
hájit senaléhatpřednést před soudempřiznat sezastupovat
bønfaldeerklære sigføre en sag
képviselvallja magát
flytja mállÿsa sig sekan/saklausansárbæna
atsakyti į kaltinimąneprisipažinti
aizstāvētatzīt savu vainuatzītiesļoti lūgtneatzīt savu vainu
hájiť sa
priznati krivdo
beyan etmeksavunmakyakarmakyalvarmak

plead

[pliːd] (pleaded (pled)) (esp US) (pt) (pp)
A. VT
1. (= argue) to plead sb's causehablar por algn, interceder por algn
to plead sb's case (Jur) → defender a algn en juicio
2. (as excuse) → aducir, pretextar
to plead thataducir or pretextar que
to plead ignoranceaducir or pretextar desconocimiento
to plead povertyaducir or pretextar falta de medios económicos
he pleaded certain difficultiesadujo or pretextó la existencia de ciertas dificultades
B. VI
1. (= beg) → suplicar, rogar
I pleaded and pleaded but it was no usele supliqué mil veces pero de nada sirvió
to plead with sb (to do sth)suplicar a algn (que haga algo)
to plead with sb for sthrogar a algn que conceda algo
the village has pleaded for a new bridge for ten yearshace diez años que el pueblo viene reclamando un nuevo puente
2. (Jur) (as defendant) → presentar declaración; (as barrister) → abogar
how do you plead?¿cómo se declara el acusado?
to plead guilty/not guiltydeclararse culpable/inocente

plead

[ˈpliːd]
vt
(LAW)plaider
to plead sb's case → plaider la cause de qn
(= argue in support of) [+ cause] → plaider
to plead the case for sth → plaider la cause de qch
(= give as excuse) → invoquer
to plead ignorance → invoquer l'ignorance
vi
(LAW)plaider
How does the defendant plead? → Comment plaide le défendeur ?
to plead guilty → plaider coupable
to plead not guilty → plaider non coupable
(= beg) to plead with sb → implorer qn
to plead with sb for sth → implorer qn d'accorder qch
to plead with sb to do sth → implorer qn de faire qch
She pleaded with him not to leave → Elle l'implorait de ne pas partir.
to plead for sth → implorer qch
to plead for mercy → implorer grâce
He was kneeling on the floor pleading for mercy → Il était agenouillé, implorant grâce.

plead

pret, ptp <pleaded or (Scot, US) pled>
vt
(= argue)vertreten; to plead somebody’s case (Jur) to plead the case for somebody (Jur) → jdn vertreten; to plead the case for the defence (Jur) → die Verteidigung vertreten; to plead the case for something (fig)sich für etw einsetzen; to plead somebody’s cause (fig)jds Sache vertreten, für jds Sache eintreten
(as excuse) ignorance, insanitysich berufen auf (+acc)
vi
(= beg)bitten, nachsuchen (for um); to plead with somebody to do somethingjdn bitten or ersuchen (geh), → etw zu tun; to plead with somebody for something (= beg)jdn um etw bitten or ersuchen (geh)
(Jur, counsel) → das Plädoyer halten; to plead guilty/not guiltysich schuldig/nicht schuldig bekennen; how do you plead?bekennen Sie sich schuldig?; to plead for something (fig)für etw plädieren

plead

[pliːd] (pleaded, (esp Am) pled (pt, pp))
1. vt
a. to plead sb's case (Law)
to plead sb's cause (fig) → perorare la causa di qn
b. (as excuse, ignorance) → addurre come (or a) pretesto
to plead insanity (Law) → invocare l'infermità mentale
2. vi
a. (beg) to plead with sb (to do sth)supplicare or implorare qn (di fare qc)
to plead for sth (beg for) → implorare qc (make speech in favour of) → parlare in favore di qc
b. (Law) (lawyer) to plead forperorare in favore di
to plead guilty/not guilty (defendant) → dichiararsi colpevole/innocente

plead

(pliːd) past tense, past participles ˈpleaded , (American also) pled verb
1. (of a prisoner) to answer a charge, saying whether one is guilty or not. `How does the prisoner plead?' `He pleads guilty.'
2. to present a case in court. My lawyer will plead my case; My lawyer will plead for me.
3. (often with with) to make an urgent request. He pleaded with me not to go; He pleaded to be allowed to go.
References in classic literature ?
Doctor Parcival began to plead with George Wil- lard.
at length broke from his compressed and trembling lips; "ay, and they bear the spirit of Christianity; what might be right and proper in a red- skin, may be sinful in a man who has not even a cross in blood to plead for his ignorance.
He could not help but appreciate the dramatic qualities of the situation; that the richest man in Wall Street should appear in person to plead for a humble and weaker brother.
I must plead guilty to the charge of abbreviating the official breath of more than one of these venerable servants of the republic.
In vain the frightened Tamoszius would attempt to speak, to plead the limitations of the flesh; in vain would the puffing and breathless ponas Jokubas insist, in vain would Teta Elzbieta implore.
I heard her plead and beg for us; but he told her 't was no use; that he was in this man's debt, and that this man had got the power over him; and that if he didn't pay him off clear, it would end in his having to sell the place and all the people, and move off.
It is there that the fugitive slave, and the Mexican prisoner on parole, and the Indian come to plead the wrongs of his race should find them; on that separate but more free and honorable ground, where the State places those who are not with her, but against her--the only house in a slave State in which a free man can abide with honor.
Please, Miss Cathy, let that alone'; and, 'Please, Miss Cathy, don't make so much noise'; and so on and so on, till I reckon I had found fault fourteen times in fifteen minutes; then she looked up at me with her big brown eyes that can plead so, and said in that odd little foreign way that goes to your heart,