The diversities in the federation will be overcome by a plebiscitary
democracy held around a powerful central leader and his party.
If anything, they could operate even less democratically than traditional parties, owing to their strong plebiscitary
forms of leadership.
10) By implication, in a democratic regime, the sovereign people can be said to act through plebiscitary
initiative and then "go to sleep," leaving the "government" (which would include, in the United States, the Supreme Court) to administer its fundamental law.
Together they formed a pre-election coalition (Together for Yes) for what they designated as a plebiscitary
The United States is no stranger to this plebiscitary
And a country may practice plebiscitary
democracy or populist democracy without a rule of law framework, as with the Jacobins and their theoretician: Rousseau.
26) This has given German democracy a plebiscitary
element that undermines the constitution's parliamentary representative principles.
It is, however, a commonplace that in a society of a certain size and complexity, the first option--direct, universal participatory democracy--is impracticable, and universal plebiscitary
democracy is practicable only at special "constitutional" moments.
Add all that up and you get a glimpse of the governmental and fiscal messes that Proposition 13 and its plebiscitary
progeny have generated.
56) These authors make a causal link between the type of political regime and the way in which tranzition unfolds: with this respect, in Benin, the plebiscitary
one-party system is a "cause" in itself of National Conference, and in RDC, personal dictatorship is a "cause" of failure of NC, the ruler may be removed only with violence.
It is not so much a leader-driven (vozhdistskiy) regime as a truncated system of political institutions: the presidency becomes plebiscitary
, with the president receiving a mandate (based on a statute or an understanding) to effectively broaden his constitutional powers designed (as the public believes) to make up for the failures of other institutions.
The Permanent Campaign of Rafael Correa: Making Ecuador's Plebiscitary