pleural effusion

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pleural effusion

n.
An exudate of fluid into the pleural cavity.
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In principal, data from the analysis of sequential pleural fluid samples post-SEPREHVIR administration has identified a robust Th1 cytokine response and the appearance of novel anti-tumour IgG responses in most treated patients, thus confirming SEPREHVIR's potential for immunological efficacy.
However, the serum Coccidioides IgM and IgG by EIA were both positive, as well as Coccidioides immunodiffusion for antibodies, but Coccidioides antibody complement fixation and pleural fluid Coccidioides antigen were negative.
The pleural fluid drainage decreased to a minimal amount; however, the sub-hepatic fluid failed to diminish, remaining at 250 mL/24 hours.
Patients were considered to have active TB if at least two of the following criteria were met: (i) smear positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) or GeneXpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid, SA) on sputum, tracheal aspirate or any other clinical specimen; (ii) culture positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTb) on sputum, tracheal aspirate or any other clinical specimen; (iii) histopathological identification of TB granuloma on biopsied tissues; (iv) strong clinical suspicion of active TB; (v) strong radiological evidence of active TB; or (vi) pleural fluid with a lymphocyte predominance (>75% lymphocytes and/or lymphocyte/neutrophil ratio >0.
This is a reported explanation for some of the decreased sensitivity in detection of pleural fluid in recumbent/supine patients (Figure 1).
Less-common exams include pericardial fluid (around the heart), pleural fluid (around the lungs), amniotic fluid from amniocentesis and synovial (joint) fluid.
With results in approximately 60 seconds, the cartridge-based RAPIDPoint 500 System offers a comprehensive menu of critical-care tests for pH and blood gases, electrolytes, glucose, pleural fluid and lactate and full CO-oximetry, including neonatal total bilirubin and total hemoglobin, all from a single, whole-blood sample.
From these children, 6,030 pleural fluid samples and 17,104 CSF samples were examined by microscopy, gram-stained, and cultured.
While the physiological amount of pleural fluid present has various positive effects on respiratory function, e.
Sputum and pleural fluid were negative for AFB cultures and Mycobacterium tuberculosis polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (GeneXpert), but bacterial cultures from pleural fluid grew Staphylococcus aureus.
Such forms demonstrate pleural fluid containing large, lymphoid cells with marked nuclear atypia.
Samples taken from suspected cases, such as bronchoalveolar lavage, tracheal aspirate, pleural fluid or sputum, should be kept on ice and sent to the Shaikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC) laboratory for analysis.