Mediastinal pleura rupture from acute intraabdominal pressure elevation or digestion by gastric contents will lead to leakage of air and fluid into the pleural space
, causing pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or hydropneumothorax.
JECFA also noted animal studies in which it was demonstrated that carrageenan injected into confined spaces in an animal's body, such as the rat hind paw, pleural space
, or peritoneal cavity can cause an inflammatory response.
In this instance, a tube in the posterior pleural space
may simulate an infradiaphragmatic tube with catastrophic consequences.
Gas can enter the pleural space
through an opening in the visceral pleura from inside the lungs, or through a communication between the pleural space
and the atmosphere through the chest wall and parietal pleura.
The pleurapump system is a fully implantable battery-powered pump system that automatically and continually moves chronic pleural effusions from the pleural space
around the lungs to the bladder, where it is passed naturally from the body.
Carestream s current software already offers companion images that can enhance visualization of tubes, PICC lines and pneumothorax (an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space
that separates the lung from the chest wall).
The procedure led to an abnormal collection of air gathering in the pleural space
, causing lack of oxygen.
Excessive fluid accumulating within the pleural space
is a common medical affliction and invariably indicates disease.
Disruption of flow in the thoracic duct results in mediastinal collection of chyle, which can leak into the pleural space
resulting in chylothorax.
5 mm in diameter was inserted into the pleural space
1) Urinothorax, first described in 1968, (2) is a pleural effusion that results from urine entering the pleural space
through either an anatomical defect in the diaphragm or through diaphragmatic lymphatics.
Treatment is aimed at obliterating the pleural space
to prevent lymphatic accumulation, or ligation of the thoracic duct.