plight


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plight 1

 (plīt)
n.
A situation, especially a bad or unfortunate one. See Synonyms at predicament.

[Middle English, alteration (influenced by plight, risky promise or pledge) of plit, fold, wrinkle, situation, from Anglo-Norman, from Latin plicitum, neuter past participle of plicāre, to fold; see plek- in Indo-European roots.]

plight 2

 (plīt)
tr.v. plight·ed, plight·ing, plights
1. To promise or bind by a solemn pledge, especially to betroth.
2. To give or pledge (one's word or oath, for example).
n.
A solemn pledge, as of faith.
Idiom:
plight (one's) troth
1. To become engaged to marry.
2. To give one's solemn oath.

[Middle English plighten, from Old English plihtan, to endanger, put at risk, from pliht, danger, risk; see dlegh- in Indo-European roots.]

plight′er n.

plight

(plaɪt)
n
a condition of extreme hardship, danger, etc
[C14 plit, from Old French pleit fold, plait; probably influenced by Old English pliht peril, plight2]

plight

(plaɪt)
vb (tr)
1. to give or pledge (one's word): he plighted his word to attempt it.
2. to promise formally or pledge (allegiance, support, etc): to plight aid.
3. plight one's troth
a. to make a promise of marriage
b. to give one's solemn promise
n
archaic or dialect a solemn promise, esp of engagement; pledge
[Old English pliht peril; related to Old High German, German Pflicht duty]
ˈplighter n

plight1

(plaɪt)

n.
a distressing condition or situation: to be left in a sorry plight.
[1350–1400; Middle English plit fold, condition, bad condition < Anglo-French (c. Middle French pleit plait); sp. appar. influenced by plight2 in obsolete sense “danger”]
syn: See predicament.

plight2

(plaɪt)

v.t.
1. to pledge (one's troth) in engagement to marry.
2. to give in pledge, as one's word, or to pledge, as one's honor.
3. to bind by a pledge, esp. of marriage.
n.
4. pledge.
[before 1000; (n.) Middle English; Old English pliht danger, risk; c. Dutch plicht, German Pflicht obligation; (v.) Middle English; Old English plihtan (derivative of the n.) to endanger, risk, pledge]
plight′er, n.

plight


Past participle: plighted
Gerund: plighting

Imperative
plight
plight
Present
I plight
you plight
he/she/it plights
we plight
you plight
they plight
Preterite
I plighted
you plighted
he/she/it plighted
we plighted
you plighted
they plighted
Present Continuous
I am plighting
you are plighting
he/she/it is plighting
we are plighting
you are plighting
they are plighting
Present Perfect
I have plighted
you have plighted
he/she/it has plighted
we have plighted
you have plighted
they have plighted
Past Continuous
I was plighting
you were plighting
he/she/it was plighting
we were plighting
you were plighting
they were plighting
Past Perfect
I had plighted
you had plighted
he/she/it had plighted
we had plighted
you had plighted
they had plighted
Future
I will plight
you will plight
he/she/it will plight
we will plight
you will plight
they will plight
Future Perfect
I will have plighted
you will have plighted
he/she/it will have plighted
we will have plighted
you will have plighted
they will have plighted
Future Continuous
I will be plighting
you will be plighting
he/she/it will be plighting
we will be plighting
you will be plighting
they will be plighting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been plighting
you have been plighting
he/she/it has been plighting
we have been plighting
you have been plighting
they have been plighting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been plighting
you will have been plighting
he/she/it will have been plighting
we will have been plighting
you will have been plighting
they will have been plighting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been plighting
you had been plighting
he/she/it had been plighting
we had been plighting
you had been plighting
they had been plighting
Conditional
I would plight
you would plight
he/she/it would plight
we would plight
you would plight
they would plight
Past Conditional
I would have plighted
you would have plighted
he/she/it would have plighted
we would have plighted
you would have plighted
they would have plighted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plight - a situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying oneplight - a situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying one; "finds himself in a most awkward predicament"; "the woeful plight of homeless people"
care - a cause for feeling concern; "his major care was the illness of his wife"
difficulty - a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome; "grappling with financial difficulties"
box, corner - a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; "his lying got him into a tight corner"
hot water - a dangerous or distressing predicament; "his views on race got him into political hot water"
2.plight - a solemn pledge of fidelityplight - a solemn pledge of fidelity    
assurance, pledge - a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something; "an assurance of help when needed"; "signed a pledge never to reveal the secret"
Verb1.plight - give to in marriageplight - give to in marriage      
vow - make a vow; promise; "He vowed never to drink alcohol again"
2.plight - promise solemnly and formally; "I pledge that I will honor my wife"
promise, assure - make a promise or commitment
vow - make a vow; promise; "He vowed never to drink alcohol again"
guarantee, vouch - give surety or assume responsibility; "I vouch for the quality of my products"
covenant - enter into a covenant or formal agreement; "They covenanted with Judas for 30 pieces of silver"; "The nations covenanted to fight terrorism around the world"
covenant - enter into a covenant

plight

noun difficulty, condition, state, situation, trouble, circumstances, dilemma, straits, predicament, extremity, perplexity the plight of Third World countries plagued by debts

plight 1

noun
A difficult, often embarrassing situation or condition:
Informal: bind, pickle, spot.

plight 2

verb
To guarantee by a solemn promise:
Idiom: give one's word of honor.
noun
A declaration that one will or will not do a certain thing:
Translations
وَرْطَه، مأزِق
situace
forfatning
ahdinko
kringumstæîur, ástand
padėtis
stāvoklis, situācija

plight

1 [plaɪt] Nsituación f grave
the country's economic plightla grave situación económica del país
the plight of the shellfish industryla crisis de la industria marisquera
to be in a sad or sorry plightestar en un estado lamentable

plight

2 (o.f.) [plaɪt] VT [+ word] → dar, empeñar
to plight one's trothprometerse, dar su palabra de casamiento (to a)

plight

[ˈplaɪt] nsituation f critique
the worsening plight of ... → la situation de plus en plus critique de ...

plight

1
vt (liter) to plight one’s wordsein (Ehren)wort geben; to plight one’s troth (to somebody) (old, hum)(jdm) die Ehe versprechen

plight

2
nNot f, → Elend nt; (of currency, economy etc)Verfall m; to be in a sorry plightin einem traurigen Zustand sein; the country’s economic plightdie wirtschaftliche Misere des Landes

plight

[plaɪt] nsituazione f (critica)
the country's economic plight → le gravi condizioni economiche del paese

plight

(plait) noun
a (bad) situation or state. She was in a terrible plight, as she had lost all her money.
References in classic literature ?
Further on, from the bright red windows of the Sword-Fish Inn, there came such fervent rays, that it seemed to have melted the packed snow and ice from before the house, for everywhere else the congealed frost lay ten inches thick in a hard, asphaltic pavement, --rather weary for me, when I struck my foot against the flinty projections, because from hard, remorseless service the soles of my boots were in a most miserable plight.
So, when on one side you hoist in Locke's head, you go over that way; but now, on the other side, hoist in Kant's and you come back again; but in very poor plight.
In the end one of the men, seeing his plight, came over and rescued him; but it was some time before he was able to find any one to explain things to him, and meanwhile his fear lest the strange little Irishman should get him cornered again was enough to keep him dodging about the room the whole evening.
But he only laughed, in his light-hearted way, and fell to making fun of my sorry plight.
I rang the bell, and committed it to a servant's care; and then I inquired what had urged her to escape from Wuthering Heights in such an unlikely plight, and where she meant to go, as she refused remaining with us.
As the boat so favoured is usually in a rough plight, and mostly under water, so, Sydney had a swamped life of it.
In this plight, and with a strong consciousness of it, I waited to introduce myself to, and make my first impression on, my formidable aunt.
It's not much to be particular about," said the sergeant; "it'll do you small good, my man, being in the same plight yourself.
It was fourteen days after the passing away of the Prince Umhlangana that the great army came back in a sorry plight from the marshes of the Limpopo, for half of them were left dead of fever and the might of the foe, and the rest were starving.
Nor did they not perceave the evil plight In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel; Yet to their Generals Voyce they soon obeyd Innumerable.
Yet I would thou wert in better plight to do battle.
People may call, and I presume you don't wish to receive them in that plight.