plumb


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plumb

 (plŭm)
n.
1. A weight on the end of a line, used to determine water depth.
2. A weight on the end of a line, used especially by masons and carpenters to establish a true vertical.
adv.
1. In a vertical or perpendicular line.
2. Informal Directly; squarely: fell plumb in the middle of the puddle.
3. also plum Informal Utterly; completely: plumb worn out. See Note at right.
adj.
1. Exactly vertical. See Synonyms at vertical.
2. also plum Informal Utter; absolute; sheer: a plumb fool.
v. plumbed, plumb·ing, plumbs
v.tr.
1. To determine the depth of with a plumb; sound.
2. To test the verticality or alignment of with a plumb.
3. To straighten or make perpendicular: plumb up the wall.
4. To examine closely or deeply; probe: "Shallow ideas are plumbed and discarded" (Gilbert Highet).
5. To seal with lead.
v.intr.
To work as a plumber.
Idiom:
off/out of plumb
Not vertical.

[Middle English, lead, a plumb, from Old French plomb, from Latin plumbum, lead.]

plumb′a·ble adj.
plumb′ness n.

plumb

(plʌm)
n
1. (Building) a weight, usually of lead, suspended at the end of a line and used to determine water depth or verticality
2. (Building) the perpendicular position of a freely suspended plumb line (esp in the phrases out of plumb, off plumb)
adj
(prenominal) informal chiefly US (intensifier): a plumb nuisance.
adv
3. in a vertical or perpendicular line
4. informal chiefly US (intensifier): plumb stupid.
5. informal exactly; precisely (also in the phrase plumb on)
vb
6. (Building) (often foll by: up) to test the alignment of or adjust to the vertical with a plumb line
7. (tr) to undergo or experience (the worst extremes of misery, sadness, etc): to plumb the depths of despair.
8. (tr) to understand or master (something obscure): to plumb a mystery.
9. (Building) to connect or join (a device such as a tap) to a water pipe or drainage system
[C13: from Old French plomb (unattested) lead line, from Old French plon lead, from Latin plumbum lead]
ˈplumbable adj

plumb

(plʌm)

n.
1. a small mass of lead or other heavy material, as that suspended by a line and used to measure the depth of water or to ascertain a vertical line. Compare plumb line.
adj.
2. true according to a plumb line; perpendicular.
3. downright or absolute.
adv.
4. in a perpendicular or vertical direction.
5. exactly, precisely, or directly.
6. completely or absolutely: You're plumb right.
v.t.
7. to test or adjust by a plumb line.
8. to make vertical.
9. to sound with or as if with a plumb line.
10. to measure (depth) by sounding.
11. to examine closely: to plumb the poem's meaning.
12. to seal with lead.
13. to install plumbing in (a house, building, etc.).
v.i.
14. to work as a plumber.
Idioms:
out of or off plumb, not corresponding to the perpendicular; out of true.
Also, plum (for defs. 3-7).
[1250–1300; Middle English plumbe, probably < Anglo-French *plombe < Vulgar Latin *plumba, for Latin plumbum lead]
plumb′a•ble, adj.
plumb′ness, n.

plumb


Past participle: plumbed
Gerund: plumbing

Imperative
plumb
plumb
Present
I plumb
you plumb
he/she/it plumbs
we plumb
you plumb
they plumb
Preterite
I plumbed
you plumbed
he/she/it plumbed
we plumbed
you plumbed
they plumbed
Present Continuous
I am plumbing
you are plumbing
he/she/it is plumbing
we are plumbing
you are plumbing
they are plumbing
Present Perfect
I have plumbed
you have plumbed
he/she/it has plumbed
we have plumbed
you have plumbed
they have plumbed
Past Continuous
I was plumbing
you were plumbing
he/she/it was plumbing
we were plumbing
you were plumbing
they were plumbing
Past Perfect
I had plumbed
you had plumbed
he/she/it had plumbed
we had plumbed
you had plumbed
they had plumbed
Future
I will plumb
you will plumb
he/she/it will plumb
we will plumb
you will plumb
they will plumb
Future Perfect
I will have plumbed
you will have plumbed
he/she/it will have plumbed
we will have plumbed
you will have plumbed
they will have plumbed
Future Continuous
I will be plumbing
you will be plumbing
he/she/it will be plumbing
we will be plumbing
you will be plumbing
they will be plumbing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been plumbing
you have been plumbing
he/she/it has been plumbing
we have been plumbing
you have been plumbing
they have been plumbing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been plumbing
you will have been plumbing
he/she/it will have been plumbing
we will have been plumbing
you will have been plumbing
they will have been plumbing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been plumbing
you had been plumbing
he/she/it had been plumbing
we had been plumbing
you had been plumbing
they had been plumbing
Conditional
I would plumb
you would plumb
he/she/it would plumb
we would plumb
you would plumb
they would plumb
Past Conditional
I would have plumbed
you would have plumbed
he/she/it would have plumbed
we would have plumbed
you would have plumbed
they would have plumbed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plumb - the metal bob of a plumb lineplumb - the metal bob of a plumb line  
bob - a hanging weight, especially a metal ball on a string
plumb line, perpendicular - a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point
Verb1.plumb - measure the depth of something
measure, quantify - express as a number or measure or quantity; "Can you quantify your results?"
2.plumb - weight with lead
burden, burthen, weight, weight down - weight down with a load
3.plumb - examine thoroughly and in great depth
explore - examine minutely
4.plumb - adjust with a plumb line so as to make vertical
adjust, correct, set - alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; "Adjust the clock, please"; "correct the alignment of the front wheels"
Adj.1.plumb - exactly vertical; "the tower of Pisa is far out of plumb"
vertical, perpendicular - at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line; "a vertical camera angle"; "the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab"; "measure the perpendicular height"
Adv.1.plumb - completely; used as intensifiers; "clean forgot the appointment"; "I'm plumb (or plum) tuckered out"
jargon, lingo, patois, argot, vernacular, slang, cant - a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo"
2.plumb - conforming to the direction of a plumb line
3.plumb - exactly; "fell plumb in the middle of the puddle"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech

plumb

verb
1. delve into, measure, explore, probe, sound out, search, go into, penetrate, gauge, unravel, fathom her attempts to plumb my innermost emotions
adverb
1. exactly, precisely, bang, slap, spot-on (Brit. informal) The hotel is set plumb in the middle of the High Street.
plumb the depths of something find, reach the nadir, reach the lowest possible level, reach rock bottom of questions that plumb the depths of stupidity

plumb

adjective
At right angles to the horizon or to level ground:
Translations

plumb

[plʌm]
A. Nplomo m
B. ADJvertical, a plomo
C. ADV
1. (= vertically) → verticalmente, a plomo
2. (US) (= wholly) → totalmente, completamente
plumb crazycompletamente loco
he's plumb stupides un tonto perdido
3. plumb in the middleen el mismo or (Mex) mero centro
it hit him plumb on the nosele dio de lleno en las narices
D. VT
1. (= descend to) → sondar
2. (fig) → sondear
to plumb the depths of the human mindpenetrar en las profundidades de la mente humana
to plumb the depths of despairconocer la mayor desesperación
3. (= connect plumbing in) [+ building] → instalar la fontanería de, instalar las tuberías de
E. CPD plumb bob Nplomo m
plumb line Nplomada f
plumb in VT + ADVconectar (con el suministro de agua)

plumb

[ˈplʌm]
n
out of plumb → pas d'aplomb
adv
(= exactly) → en plein
plumb in the middle → en plein milieu
(US) (= completely) → complètement
he's plumb crazy → il est complètement fou
vt
(= put plumbing in) [+ house] → installer la plomberie dans
(= try to understand) [+ mysteries, heart] → sonder
to plumb the depths of sth [+ bad taste, stupidity, despair] → toucher le fond de qch
to plumb new depths → toucher le fond
plumb in
vt sep [+ washing machine] → raccorder

plumb

n (= plumbline)Lot nt, → Senkblei nt; (Naut also) → Bleilot nt out of plumbnicht im Lot; true to plumb (Tech) → lotrecht
adv
(inf) (= completely)total (inf), → komplett (inf); (= exactly)genau; plumb in the middle(haar)genau in der Mitte; it hit him plumb on the nosees traf ihn genau or mitten auf die Nase
vt
ocean, depth(aus)loten
(fig) mystery etcergründen; to plumb the depths of despairdie tiefste Verzweiflung erleben; this song plumbs the depths of bad tastedieses Lied übertrifft alles bisher Dagewesene or da Gewesene an schlechtem Geschmack; to plumb new depthseinen neuen Tiefstand erreichen; a look that plumbed his very soulein Blick, der in die Tiefen seiner Seele drang
(= connect plumbing in) buildingKlempnerarbeiten ausführen an (+dat)

plumb

:
plumb line
nLot nt, → Senkblei nt
plumb rule
nLotwaage f

plumb

[plʌm]
1. npiombo
2. adv (fam) plumb in the middleesattamente nel centro
he's plumb stupid (Am) (fam) → è proprio stupido
3. vtscandagliare; (sb's mind) → sondare
to plumb the depths → scandagliare gli abissi (fig) → toccare il fondo
plumb in vt + adv (washing machine) → collegare all'impianto idraulico
References in classic literature ?
Arobin had put on his coat, and he stood before her and asked if his cravat was plumb.
Grose who first brought up the plumb with an almost elated "You see
No, when I go to sea, I go as a simple sailor, right before the mast, plumb down into the forecastle, aloft there to the royal mast-head.
Oh, she was plumb deef en dumb, Huck, plumb deef en dumb -- en I'd ben a- treat'n her so
He laid dah moanin' en cussin', en all out of his head, you know, en de niggers 'uz plumb sk'yred to death.
He never made any bones about his own case; said he'd been a hard lot, was a hard lot yet, and reckoned he'd be a hard lot plumb to the end.